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APPENDIX I Incidence Analyses and Income Redistribution

APPENDIX I Incidence Analyses and Income Redistribution »

Source: Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

Most studies of the income distributional effects of public policy fall within the category of “incidence analyses” of taxation and expenditure. They either analyze the effects of particular measures or, if...

Chapter 15 A Market View of the Impact of Sovereign Wealth Funds on Global Financial Markets

Chapter 15 A Market View of the Impact of Sovereign Wealth Funds on Global Financial Markets »

Source: Economics of Sovereign Wealth Funds

Series: Books

Author(s): Udaibir Das , Adnan Mazarei , and Han Hoorn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 December 2010

ISBN: 9781589069275

Keywords: investors, bonds, investment strategies, principals, financial markets

After having been the center of attention through most of 2007 and the first half of 2008, sovereign wealth funds (SWFs) returned to relative obscurity once the commodity price bubble burst in mid-2008. Whil...

Chapter 18 Long-Term Implications of the Global Financial Crisis for Sovereign Wealth Funds

Chapter 18 Long-Term Implications of the Global Financial Crisis for Sovereign Wealth Funds »

Source: Economics of Sovereign Wealth Funds

Series: Books

Author(s): Udaibir Das , Adnan Mazarei , and Han Hoorn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 December 2010

ISBN: 9781589069275

Keywords: investors, bonds, investment strategies, principals, financial markets

This crisis will leave an indelible mark on the psyche of every sovereign fund investor. – Senior reserve management official at a major Asian monetar...

Chapter 11. Operating within the New Global Regulatory Environment

Chapter 11. Operating within the New Global Regulatory Environment »

Source: The Future of Asian Finance

Series: Books

Author(s): Ratna Sahay , Cheng Lim , Chikahisa Sumi , James Walsh , and Jerald Schiff

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 August 2015

ISBN: 9781498317191

Keywords: bond, markets, investment, market, financial crisis

Main Points of this Chapter Asian banks tend to be well capitalized and liquid, with broadly strong supervision—although there are some gaps....

Chapter 4. Pension Reform and Equity: The Impact on Poverty of Reducing Pension Benefits

Chapter 4. Pension Reform and Equity: The Impact on Poverty of Reducing Pension Benefits »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction A primary objective of public pension systems is to provide adequate levels of retirement income to ensure that people are not at risk of poverty in old age. On average,...

17 Does Corruption Affect Income Inequality and Poverty?

17 Does Corruption Affect Income Inequality and Poverty? »

Source: Governance, Corruption, and Economic Performance

Series: Books

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and George Abed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589061163

Keywords: decentralization, military spending, military, tax revenue, government expenditure

1. Introduction Government officials may use their authority for private gain in designing and implementing public policies. This phenomenon—defined broadly as corruption (Tanzi, 199...

Financial Inclusion in Asia-Pacific

Financial Inclusion in Asia-Pacific »

Source: Financial Inclusion in Asia-Pacific

Volume/Issue: 2018/17

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Elena Loukoianova , Yongzheng Yang , Si Guo , Leni Hunter , Sarwat Jahan , Fazurin Jamaludin , and Johanna Schauer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2018

ISBN: 9781484371015

Keywords: Financial inclusion, Financial institutions, Financial services industry, Poor, financial inclusion, macroeconomic policymaking, fintech, Asia, Asia Pacific, Pacific

Asia has made significant progress in financial inclusion, but both its across-country and intra-country disparities are among the highest in the world. The gaps between the rich and the poor, rural and urban popul...

Global Commodity Prices, Monetary Transmission, and Exchange Rate Pass-Through in the Pacific Islands

Global Commodity Prices, Monetary Transmission, and Exchange Rate Pass-Through in the Pacific Islands »

Source: Global Commodity Prices, Monetary Transmission, and Exchange Rate Pass-Through in the Pacific Islands

Volume/Issue: 2012/176

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shanaka Peiris , and Ding Ding

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2012

ISBN: 9781475505245

Keywords: exchange rate, inflation, exchange rate targeting, monetary transmission, And Monetary Policy,

Pacific Islands countries are vulnerable to commodity price shocks, and this poses challenges to monetary policy. The high degree of exchange rate pass-through to headline inflation and the weak monetary transmissi...

Global Volatility and Forex Returns in East Asia1

Global Volatility and Forex Returns in East Asia1 »

Source: Global Volatility and Forex Returns in East Asia

Volume/Issue: 2008/208

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sanjay Kalra

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2008

ISBN: 9781451870664

Keywords: Forex returns, GARCH models, volatility, exchange rate, standard deviation, statistics, heteroscedasticity,

During 2001-07, increases in mature market volatility were associated with declines in forex returns for East Asian countries, consistent with an overall "flight to safety" effect. Estimates from GARCH models sugge...

Globalization of Financial Markets and Implications for Pacific Basin Developing Countries*

Globalization of Financial Markets and Implications for Pacific Basin Developing Countries* »

Source: Globalization of Financial Markets and Implications for Pacific Basin Developing Countries

Volume/Issue: 1991/34

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Goldsbrough , and Ranjit Teja

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1991

ISBN: 9781451978780

Keywords: capital mobility, financial intermediation, financial markets, capital flows

This paper analyzes the consequences of the growing interdependence of world financial markets for Pacific developing countries. Section I discusses trends in financial integration in the Pacific and the underlying...