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Financial Inclusion in Asia-Pacific

Financial Inclusion in Asia-Pacific »

Volume/Issue: 2018/17

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Elena Loukoianova , Yongzheng Yang , Si Guo , Leni Hunter , Sarwat Jahan , Fazurin Jamaludin , and Johanna Schauer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484371015.087

ISBN: 9781484371015

Keywords: Financial inclusion, Financial institutions, Financial services industry, Poor, financial inclusion, macroeconomic policymaking, fintech, Asia, Asia Pacific, Pacific

Asia has made significant progress in financial inclusion, but both its across-country and intra-country disparities are among the highest in the world. The gaps between the rich and the poor, rural and urban popul...

Adding Indonesia to the Global Projection Model

Adding Indonesia to the Global Projection Model »

Volume/Issue: 2009/253

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Roberto Garcia-Saltos , Douglas Laxton , Michal Andrle , Haris Munandar , Charles Freedman , and Danny Hermawan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451941715.001

ISBN: 9781451941715

Keywords: Macroeconomic Modeling, Bayesian Estimation, inflation, rate of inflation, real interest rate, Model Construction and Estimation,

This is the fifth of a series of papers that are being written as part of a larger project to estimate a small quarterly Global Projection Model (GPM). The GPM project is designed to improve the toolkit to which ec...

Can Foreign Exchange Intervention Stem Exchange Rate Pressures from Global Capital Flow Shocks?

Can Foreign Exchange Intervention Stem Exchange Rate Pressures from Global Capital Flow Shocks? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/159

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Olivier Blanchard , Gustavo Adler , and Irineu de Carvalho Filho

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 July 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513585840.001

ISBN: 9781513585840

Keywords: exchange rate, gross capital flows, exchange, market, General,

Many emerging market economies have relied on foreign exchange intervention (FXI) in response to gross capital inflows. In this paper, we study whether FXI has been an effective tool to dampen the effects of these...

Capital Controls or Macroprudential Regulation?

Capital Controls or Macroprudential Regulation? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/218

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anton Korinek , and Damiano Sandri

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513506463.001

ISBN: 9781513506463

Keywords: pecuniary externalities, macroprudential regulation, inequality, exchange rate, exchange, lenders, borrowers, markets, International Lending and Debt Problems, Open Economy Macroeconomics

International capital flows can create significant financial instability in emerging economies because of pecuniary externalities associated with exchange rate movements. Does this make it optimal to impose capital...

Developing Countries and the Globalization of Financial Markets

Developing Countries and the Globalization of Financial Markets »

Volume/Issue: 1998/105

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Malcolm Knight

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451852790.001

ISBN: 9781451852790

Keywords: Capital flows, developing and transition economies, banking, financial markets, supervision, international cooperation, financial system, banking sector, financial systems

This paper analyzes the impact of the globalization of financial markets on developing and transition economies. Differences between the responses of competitive and imperfectly competitive banking sectors cause th...

Deviations From Uncovered Interest Parity
			: A Global Guide to Where the Action Is

Deviations From Uncovered Interest Parity : A Global Guide to Where the Action Is »

Volume/Issue: 1998/117

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Evan Tanner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451941647.001

ISBN: 9781451941647

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange rate, inflation, exchange rates, real exchange rates

Ex-post deviations from uncovered interest parity (UIP) – realized differences between dollar returns on identical assets of different currencies – equal the real interest differential plus real excha...

Financial Globalization and the Governance of Domestic Financial Intermediaries

Financial Globalization and the Governance of Domestic Financial Intermediaries »

Volume/Issue: 2007/47

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Thierry Tressel , and Thierry Verdier

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451866117.001

ISBN: 9781451866117

Keywords: financial globalization, domestic banks, collusion, bailout guarantees, bank capital, foreign banks, fdi, credit market, Economic Growth of Open Economies, Monetary Growth Models,

We model an economy in which domestic banks and firms face incentive constraints, as in Holmstrom and Tirole (1997). Firms borrow from banks and uninformed investors, and can collude with banks to reduce the intens...

Global Financial Spillovers to Emerging Market Sovereign Bond Markets

Global Financial Spillovers to Emerging Market Sovereign Bond Markets »

Volume/Issue: 2015/141

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Ebeke , and Annette Kyobe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 June 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513552750.001

ISBN: 9781513552750

Keywords: Financial shocks, EM bond markets, Non-linearity, markets, currency, bond, holdings,

Foreign holdings of emerging markets (EMs) government bonds have increased substantially over the last decade. While foreign participation in local-currency sovereign bond markets provides an additional source of f...

Global Moral Hazard, Capital Account Liberalization and the 'Overlending Syndrome'

Global Moral Hazard, Capital Account Liberalization and the 'Overlending Syndrome' »

Volume/Issue: 1999/100

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eduardo Levy Yeyati

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451852387.001

ISBN: 9781451852387

Keywords: Banking Crises, Capital Account Liberalization, Deposit Insurance, Moral Hazard, international capital, deposit rates, international capital markets

The removal of government guarantees in borrowing countries does not eliminate the moral hazard problem posed by the existence of deposit guarantees in lender countries. The paper shows that, after restrictions on...

Global Poverty Estimates
			: A Sensitivity Analysis

Global Poverty Estimates : A Sensitivity Analysis »

Volume/Issue: 2011/234

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Camelia Minoiu , and Shatakshee Dhongde

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463922009.001

ISBN: 9781463922009

Keywords: global poverty, household surveys, international poverty line, poverty line, surveys, statistics, Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods, Personal Income, Wealth, and Their Distributions

Current estimates of global poverty vary substantially across studies. In this paper we undertake a novel sensitivity analysis to highlight the importance of methodological choices in estimating global poverty. We...