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Chapter 3. Emissions Pricing to Stabilize Global Climate*

Chapter 3. Emissions Pricing to Stabilize Global Climate* »

Source: Fiscal Policy to Mitigate Climate Change : A Guide for Policymakers

Series: Books

Author(s): Ruud Mooij , Michael Keen , and Ian Parry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 2012

ISBN: 9781616353933

Keywords: Climate policy, co2, forest, forests, subsidies, climate finance

Key Messages for Policymakers Without significant emissions mitigation actions, projected “likely” global atm...

Chapter 4. Pension Reform and Equity: The Impact on Poverty of Reducing Pension Benefits

Chapter 4. Pension Reform and Equity: The Impact on Poverty of Reducing Pension Benefits »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction A primary objective of public pension systems is to provide adequate levels of retirement income to ensure that people are not at risk of poverty in old age. On average,...

Dimensions of Land Inequality and Economic Development

Dimensions of Land Inequality and Economic Development »

Source: Dimensions of Land Inequality and Economic Development

Volume/Issue: 2004/158

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lennart Erickson , and Dietrich Vollrath

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2004

ISBN: 9781451857610

Keywords: Agricultural inequality, land inequality, institutions, financial development, education provision, gini coefficient, statistics, standard errors, measure of inequality, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development

There are several theories linking land inequality with aspects of economic development. Empirical work on these theories has attempted to establish a relationship between land inequality and institutions, financia...

Do Labor Market Policies and Growth Fundamentals Matter for Income Inequality in Oecd Countries? Some Empirical Evidence

Do Labor Market Policies and Growth Fundamentals Matter for Income Inequality in Oecd Countries? Some Empirical Evidence »

Source: Do Labor Market Policies and Growth Fundamentals Matter for Income Inequality in Oecd Countries? Some Empirical Evidence

Volume/Issue: 1997/3

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Patrick Van Houdt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1997

ISBN: 9781451841862

Keywords: labor market, labor market policies, unemployment, employment, active labor

Income distribution may be related to fundamentals affecting economic growth and to labor market policies. Noting that inequality is affected by unemployment. This paper presents a model in which labor market polic...

Effects of Globalization on Labor's Share in National Income

Effects of Globalization on Labor's Share in National Income »

Source: Effects of Globalization on Labor's Share in National Income

Volume/Issue: 2006/294

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anastasia Guscina

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2006

ISBN: 9781451865547

Keywords: Labor&;amp;#x2019;s share, capital&;amp;#x2019;s share, labor protection, bargaining power, compensation share, employment share, Heckscher-Ohlin theorem, employment, employment protection, labor share

The past two decades have seen a decline in labor's share of national income in several industrial countries. This paper analyzes the role of three factors in explaining movements in labor's share--factor-biased te...

Financial Globalization and Exchange Rates

Financial Globalization and Exchange Rates »

Source: Financial Globalization and Exchange Rates

Volume/Issue: 2005/3

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gian Milesi-Ferretti , and Philip Lane

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2005

ISBN: 9781451860221

Keywords: Financial integration, external assets and liabilities, foreign assets, foreign asset, net foreign asset, net foreign assets, exchange rates, Financial intergration,

The founders of the Bretton Woods System 60 years ago were primarily concerned with orderly exchange rate adjustment in a world economy that was characterized by widespread restrictions on international capital mob...

Global and Regional Spillovers to Pacific Island Countries

Global and Regional Spillovers to Pacific Island Countries »

Source: Global and Regional Spillovers to Pacific Island Countries

Volume/Issue: 2012/154

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yiqun Wu , Patrizia Tumbarello , and Niamh Sheridan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

ISBN: 9781475504491

Keywords: Pacific islands, spillover, downside scenarios, equation, statistic, cointegration, oil prices

Regional integration of Pacific Island countries (PICs) with Australia, New Zealand, and emerging Asia has increased over the last two decades. PICs have become more exposed to the region's business cycles, and spi...

Global Liquidity, Risk Premiums and Growth Opportunities

Global Liquidity, Risk Premiums and Growth Opportunities »

Source: Global Liquidity, Risk Premiums and Growth Opportunities

Volume/Issue: 2009/52

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gianni De Nicolo , and Iryna Ivaschenko

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2009

ISBN: 9781451872002

Keywords: Risk Premiums, Growth Opportunities, bond, equity markets, bond spreads, equity market,

This paper constructs new indicators of liquidity for equity, bond and money markets in major advanced and emerging market countries, documents their evolution and comovements, and assesses the extent to which such...

The Global Macroeconomic Costs of Raising Bank Capital Adequacy Requirements

The Global Macroeconomic Costs of Raising Bank Capital Adequacy Requirements »

Source: The Global Macroeconomic Costs of Raising Bank Capital Adequacy Requirements

Volume/Issue: 2012/44

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francis Vitek , and Scott Roger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2012

ISBN: 9781463936457

Keywords: Basel III, inflation, monetary fund, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation,

This paper examines the transitional macroeconomic costs of a synchronized global increase in bank capital adequacy requirements under Basel III, as well as a capital increase covering globally systemically importa...

How Does Globalization Affect the Synchronization of Business Cycles?

How Does Globalization Affect the Synchronization of Business Cycles? »

Source: How Does Globalization Affect the Synchronization of Business Cycles?

Volume/Issue: 2003/27

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ayhan Kose , Eswar Prasad , and Marco Terrones

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 March 2003

ISBN: 9781451844542

Keywords: Macroeconomic fluctuations, trade and financial integration, output and consumption comovement, correlations, financial integration, capital flows, correlation, Open Economy Macroeconomics, International Policy Coordination and Transmission,

This paper examines the impact of rising trade and financial integration on international business cycle comovement among a large group of industrial and developing countries. The results provide at best limited su...