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II A Poverty Profile of South Africa

II A Poverty Profile of South Africa »

Source: Economic Policies for a New South Africa

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Desmond Lachman , and Kenneth Bercuson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 1992

ISBN: 9781557751980

Keywords: expenditure, middle-income countries, tax burden, expenditures, income distribution

Poverty can be placed in context most easily by focusing on the bipolar nature of the South African economy—a bipolarity that was maintained until recently by the legal regime of apartheid. It manifests itse...

II Energy Management as a Global Problem

II Energy Management as a Global Problem »

Source: Oil Exporters' Economic Development in an Interdependent World

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Jahangir Amuzegar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 April 1983

ISBN: 9781557750785

Keywords: opec, oil exporting, exporting developing countries, oil exports, oil exporting countries

For the first time in postwar history, if not indeed the history of the modern world, energy management has become an overriding global economic, strategic, and political issue. Worldwide inflation, continue...

II The Setting for Adjustment: Initial Positions and Global Environment

II The Setting for Adjustment: Initial Positions and Global Environment »

Source: IMF Conditionality : Experience Under Stand-by and Extended Arrangements, Part I: Key Issues and Findings

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Louis Dicks-Mireaux , Miguel Savastano , Adam Bennett , María Carkovic S. , Mauro Mecagni , James John , and Susan Schadler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557754929

Keywords: inflation, terms of trade, capital inflows, exchange rate, real interest rates

Almost without exception, the initial positions of the countries under review were dire. Most were suffering the effects of long-standing institutional and structural weaknesses, fiscal excesses, and deficie...

III Key Features I and 2: Broad Ownership and Participation and Embedding the PRGF in the Overall Strategy for Growth and Poverty Reduction

III Key Features I and 2: Broad Ownership and Participation and Embedding the PRGF in the Overall Strategy for Growth and Poverty Reduction »

Source: Is the PRGF Living Up to Expectations?

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Gabriela Inchauste , Nita Thacker , Thomas Dorsey , Shamsuddin Tareq , Emanuele Baldacci , Sanjeev Gupta , and Mark Plant

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589061125

Keywords: conditionality, pem, poverty reduction, structural conditionality, public spending

The interrelated key features 1 and 2 set out several aspects of the expected relationship between the PRGF-supported program and the PRSP. Specifically. PRGF-supported programs should be consistent with, an...

IV. External and Domestic Performance: Progress Toward External Viability and Sustained Growth

IV. External and Domestic Performance: Progress Toward External Viability and Sustained Growth »

Source: Economic Adjustment in Low-Income Countries : Experience Under the Enhanced Structural Adjustment Facility

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): F. Rozwadowski , Siddharth Tiwari , David Robinson , and Susan Schadler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 June 1993

ISBN: 9781557753366

Keywords: current account, export prices, export volume, external debt, terms of trade

The structural reforms and macroeconomic policies in ESAF-supported programs were intended to promote two fundamental objectives: to make significant progress toward external viability and to create conditio...

VI Afterword: The Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility

VI Afterword: The Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility »

Source: Social Issues in IMF-Supported Programs

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ritha Khemani , Sanjeev Gupta , Calvin McDonald , Louis Dicks-Mireaux , and Marijn Verhoeven

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 January 2000

ISBN: 9781557758736

Keywords: health care, social safety nets, health care spending, safety nets, public spending

Following the Executive Board’s consideration of this and other papers, important changes were made to the ESAF to give the goal of poverty reduction greater prominence and improve its effective...