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II Energy Management as a Global Problem

II Energy Management as a Global Problem »

Source: Oil Exporters' Economic Development in an Interdependent World

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Jahangir Amuzegar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 April 1983

ISBN: 9781557750785

Keywords: opec, oil exporting, exporting developing countries, oil exports, oil exporting countries

For the first time in postwar history, if not indeed the history of the modern world, energy management has become an overriding global economic, strategic, and political issue. Worldwide inflation, continue...

II The Setting for Adjustment: Initial Positions and Global Environment

II The Setting for Adjustment: Initial Positions and Global Environment »

Source: IMF Conditionality : Experience Under Stand-by and Extended Arrangements, Part I: Key Issues and Findings

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Louis Dicks-Mireaux , Miguel Savastano , Adam Bennett , María Carkovic S. , Mauro Mecagni , James John , and Susan Schadler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557754929

Keywords: inflation, terms of trade, capital inflows, exchange rate, real interest rates

Almost without exception, the initial positions of the countries under review were dire. Most were suffering the effects of long-standing institutional and structural weaknesses, fiscal excesses, and deficie...

III Key Features I and 2: Broad Ownership and Participation and Embedding the PRGF in the Overall Strategy for Growth and Poverty Reduction

III Key Features I and 2: Broad Ownership and Participation and Embedding the PRGF in the Overall Strategy for Growth and Poverty Reduction »

Source: Is the PRGF Living Up to Expectations?

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Gabriela Inchauste , Nita Thacker , Thomas Dorsey , Shamsuddin Tareq , Emanuele Baldacci , Sanjeev Gupta , and Mark Plant

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589061125

Keywords: conditionality, pem, poverty reduction, structural conditionality, public spending

The interrelated key features 1 and 2 set out several aspects of the expected relationship between the PRGF-supported program and the PRSP. Specifically. PRGF-supported programs should be consistent with, an...

IV. External and Domestic Performance: Progress Toward External Viability and Sustained Growth

IV. External and Domestic Performance: Progress Toward External Viability and Sustained Growth »

Source: Economic Adjustment in Low-Income Countries : Experience Under the Enhanced Structural Adjustment Facility

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): F. Rozwadowski , Siddharth Tiwari , David Robinson , and Susan Schadler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 June 1993

ISBN: 9781557753366

Keywords: current account, export prices, export volume, external debt, terms of trade

The structural reforms and macroeconomic policies in ESAF-supported programs were intended to promote two fundamental objectives: to make significant progress toward external viability and to create conditio...

Oman Beyond the Oil Horizon
			: Policies Toward Sustainable Growth

Oman Beyond the Oil Horizon : Policies Toward Sustainable Growth »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Volker Treichel , and Ahsan Mansur

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 November 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557758330.084

ISBN: 9781557758330

Keywords: fiscal policy, expenditure, capital expenditure, fiscal adjustment, fiscal impulse

With the steady increase of crude oil production and the surge in oil prices in the mid- and late 1970s, Oman embarked upon an economic development path that transformed it into a prosperous country. Today Oman boa...

V Poverty and Social Safety Net Policies

V Poverty and Social Safety Net Policies »

Source: Yemen in the 1990s : From Unification to Economic Reform

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Nada Choueiri , Klaus-Stefan Enders , Yuri Sobolev , Jan Walliser , and Sherwyn Williams

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 May 2002

ISBN: 9781589060425

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, crude oil, oil prices, petroleum products

The Yemeni government traditionally offered few social insurance or welfare benefits, leaving the majority of the population to rely on informal safety nets within the family or within the triba...

VI Afterword: The Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility

VI Afterword: The Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility »

Source: Social Issues in IMF-Supported Programs

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ritha Khemani , Sanjeev Gupta , Calvin McDonald , Louis Dicks-Mireaux , and Marijn Verhoeven

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 January 2000

ISBN: 9781557758736

Keywords: health care, social safety nets, health care spending, safety nets, public spending

Following the Executive Board’s consideration of this and other papers, important changes were made to the ESAF to give the goal of poverty reduction greater prominence and improve its effective...

VII Poverty, Social Safety Net, and Human Development Issues

VII Poverty, Social Safety Net, and Human Development Issues »

Source: Egypt : Beyond Stabilization. Toward a Dynamic Market Economy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Howard Handy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1998

ISBN: 9781557757203

Keywords: inflation, capital inflows, privatization, exchange rate, foreign currency

Overview of Social Indicators Despite improvements, Egypt is still a relatively low-income country, 43 While income per capita is well above the ave...