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Financial Inclusion in Asia-Pacific

Financial Inclusion in Asia-Pacific »

Volume/Issue: 2018/17

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Elena Loukoianova , Yongzheng Yang , Si Guo , Leni Hunter , Sarwat Jahan , Fazurin Jamaludin , and Johanna Schauer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484371015.087

ISBN: 9781484371015

Keywords: Financial inclusion, Financial institutions, Financial services industry, Poor, financial inclusion, macroeconomic policymaking, fintech, Asia, Asia Pacific, Pacific

Asia has made significant progress in financial inclusion, but both its across-country and intra-country disparities are among the highest in the world. The gaps between the rich and the poor, rural and urban popul...

Opening Up in the Caucasus and Central Asia
			: Policy Frameworks to Support Regional and Global Integration

Opening Up in the Caucasus and Central Asia : Policy Frameworks to Support Regional and Global Integration »

Volume/Issue: 2018/7

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Peter Kunzel , Phil De Imus , Edward Gemayel , Risto Herrala , Alexei Kireyev , and Farid Talishli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 June 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484358177.087

ISBN: 9781484358177

Keywords: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Economic integration, Economic integration, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Middle East, Tajikistan, Trade liberalization

The Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA) countries are at an important juncture in their economic transition. Following significant economic progress during the 2000s, recent external shocks have revealed the underlying...

Financial Development in Sub-Saharan Africa
			: Promoting Inclusive and Sustainable Growth

Financial Development in Sub-Saharan Africa : Promoting Inclusive and Sustainable Growth »

Volume: 16

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Montfort Mlachila , Ahmat Jidoud , Monique Newiak , Bozena Radzewicz-Bak , and Misa Takebe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 September 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475532401.087

ISBN: 9781475532401

Financial Development in Sub-Saharan Africa...

Trade Integration and Global Value Chains in Sub-Saharan Africa
			: In Pursuit of the Missing Link

Trade Integration and Global Value Chains in Sub-Saharan Africa : In Pursuit of the Missing Link »

Volume: 16

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Céline Allard , Jorge Canales Kriljenko , Jesus Gonzalez-Garcia , Emmanouil Kitsios , Juan Trevino , and Wenjie Chen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498349901.087

ISBN: 9781498349901

Keywords: Exports, International trade, Production, Sub-Saharan Africa, Time series, Trade integration, Econometric models, Goods, Regional trade, trade

This analysis of the extent of trade integration of sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries in the global economy as well as within the region over the 1995-2013 period focuses on four key concepts: (1) trade openness,...

Sustaining more Inclusive Growth in the Republic of Congo

Sustaining more Inclusive Growth in the Republic of Congo »

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Dalia Hakura , Adrian Alter , Matteo Ghilardi , Rodolfo Maino , Cameron McLoughlin , and Maximilien Queyranne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 February 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498317702.087

ISBN: 9781498317702

Keywords: Sustainable development, Congo, Republic of, Inclusive growth, Oil revenues, Nonoil sector, Public investment, Natural resources, Debt sustainability, Poverty and inequality, Fiscal policy

The Republic of Congo has seen dramatic improvement in its debt situation since 2010, following debt relief through the IMF and World Bank Heavily Indebted Poor Countries/Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative. Large...

Mali
			: Achieving Strong and Inclusive Growth with Macroeconomic Stability

Mali : Achieving Strong and Inclusive Growth with Macroeconomic Stability »

Volume: 13

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Christian Josz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 October 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484305577.087

ISBN: 9781484305577

Keywords: Financial sector, Financial institutions, Financial stability, Economic growth, Banks, Bank supervision, Oil prices, Mali, prices, oil

This note studies Mali’s performance in poverty reduction by analyzing household data from surveys in 2001, 2006 and 2009–10. Mali’s share of poor households has decreased substantially during...

Senegal
			: Achieving High and Inclusive Growth While Preserving Fiscal Sustainability

Senegal : Achieving High and Inclusive Growth While Preserving Fiscal Sustainability »

Volume: 13

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Alexei Kireyev , and Gaston Mpatswe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 October 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484379660.087

ISBN: 9781484379660

Keywords: Economic growth, Electric power, Subsidies, Government expenditures, Fiscal sustainability, Senegal, electricity, per, expenditure, electricity subsidies

Senegal's growth has been sluggish in recent years with implications for poverty reduction. Average growth was relatively strong in 1995-2005 and accompanied by a large drop in poverty incidence. Due partly to a se...

Restoring Sustainability in a Changing Global Environment
			: Options for Swaziland

Restoring Sustainability in a Changing Global Environment : Options for Swaziland »

Volume: 13

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Olivier Basdevant , and Borislava Mircheva

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475589412.087

ISBN: 9781475589412

Keywords: Banking sector, Currency pegs, Debt sustainability analysis, External shocks, Reserves, Private sector, South Africa, Spillovers, Fiscal risk, Fiscal policy

The Kingdom of Swaziland (hereinafter “Swaziland”) is a small, open economy bordering Mozambique and South Africa with a population of 1.1 million people. It is a landlocked country with an economy he...

Managing Global Growth Risks and Commodity Price Shocks
			: Vulnerabilities and Policy Challenges for Low-Income Countries:  Vulnerabilities and Policy Challenges for Low-Income Countries

Managing Global Growth Risks and Commodity Price Shocks : Vulnerabilities and Policy Challenges for Low-Income Countries: Vulnerabilities and Policy Challenges for Low-Income Countries »

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Stefania Fabrizio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 July 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616353773.087

ISBN: 9781616353773

Keywords: Development, Economic growth, Commodity prices, External shocks, Economic recovery, Price increases, Low-income developing countries, inflation, monetary policy, exchange rate

As part of its work to help low-income countries manage volatility, the IMF has developed an analytical framework for assessing vulnerabilities and emerging risks that arise from changes in the external environment...

Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Changing Patterns of Global Trade »

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616352073.087

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

Changing Patterns of Global Trade outlines the factors underlying important shifts in global trade that have occurred in recent decades. The emergence of global supply chains and their increasing role in trade patt...