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Destabilizing the Global Monetary System: Germany's Adoption of the Gold Standard in the Early 1870s

Destabilizing the Global Monetary System: Germany's Adoption of the Gold Standard in the Early 1870s »

Source: Destabilizing the Global Monetary System: Germany's Adoption of the Gold Standard in the Early 1870s

Volume/Issue: 2019/32

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Johannes Wiegand

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 2019

ISBN: 9781484394724

Keywords: Currency reform, Fixed exchange rates, Exchange rate regimes, Currency question, Gold, Bimetallism;Gold Standard;France;Germany;Flandreau;specie;silver specie;gold currency

In 1871-73, newly unified Germany adopted the gold standard, replacing the silver-based currencies that had been prevalent in most German states until then. The reform sparked a series of steps in other countries t...

Destabilizing the Global Monetary System: Germany's Adoption of the Gold Standard in the Early 1870s

Destabilizing the Global Monetary System: Germany's Adoption of the Gold Standard in the Early 1870s »

Volume/Issue: 2019/32

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Johannes Wiegand

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484394724.001

ISBN: 9781484394724

Keywords: Currency reform, Fixed exchange rates, Exchange rate regimes, Currency question, Gold, Bimetallism;Gold Standard;France;Germany;Flandreau;specie;silver specie;gold currency

In 1871-73, newly unified Germany adopted the gold standard, replacing the silver-based currencies that had been prevalent in most German states until then. The reform sparked a series of steps in other countries t...

Economic Gains From Gender Inclusion

Economic Gains From Gender Inclusion »

Source: Economic Gains From Gender Inclusion : New Mechanisms, New Evidence

Volume/Issue: 2018/6

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Jonathan Ostry , Jorge Alvarez , Raphael Espinoza , and Chris Papageorgiou

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 October 2018

ISBN: 9781484337127

Keywords: Labor force participation, Gender, Diversity, Gender Diversity; Female Labor Force Participation; Production Function; Structural Transformation

While progress has been made in increasing female labor force participation (FLFP) in the last 20 years, large gaps remain. The latest Fund research shows that improving gender diversity can result in larger econom...

Economic Gains From Gender Inclusion
			: New Mechanisms, New Evidence

Economic Gains From Gender Inclusion : New Mechanisms, New Evidence »

Volume/Issue: 2018/6

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Jonathan Ostry , Jorge Alvarez , Raphael Espinoza , and Chris Papageorgiou

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 October 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484337127.006

ISBN: 9781484337127

Keywords: Labor force participation, Gender, Diversity, Gender Diversity; Female Labor Force Participation; Production Function; Structural Transformation

While progress has been made in increasing female labor force participation (FLFP) in the last 20 years, large gaps remain. The latest Fund research shows that improving gender diversity can result in larger econom...

Inequality and Poverty across Generations in the European Union

Inequality and Poverty across Generations in the European Union »

Volume/Issue: 2018/1

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Tingyun Chen , Jean-Jacques Hallaert , Alexander Pitt , Haonan Qu , Maximilien Queyranne , Alaina Rhee , Anna Shabunina , Jérôme Vandenbussche , and Irene Yackovlev

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 January 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484338445.006

ISBN: 9781484338445

Keywords: Fiscal policy, Labor market policy, Labor policy, Income inequality, Poverty and inequality, Inequality, Poverty, Europe, Redistribution

This SDN studies the evolution of inequality across age groups leading up to and since the global financial crisis, as well as implications for fiscal and labor policies. Europe's population is aging, child and you...

Inequality and Poverty across Generations in the European Union

Inequality and Poverty across Generations in the European Union »

Source: Inequality and Poverty across Generations in the European Union

Volume/Issue: 2018/1

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Tingyun Chen , Jean-Jacques Hallaert , Alexander Pitt , Haonan Qu , Maximilien Queyranne , Alaina Rhee , Anna Shabunina , Jérôme Vandenbussche , and Irene Yackovlev

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484338445

Keywords: Fiscal policy, Labor market policy, Labor policy, Income inequality, Poverty and inequality, Inequality, Poverty, Europe, Redistribution

This SDN studies the evolution of inequality across age groups leading up to and since the global financial crisis, as well as implications for fiscal and labor policies. Europe's population is aging, child and you...

Gone with the Headwinds
			: Global Productivity

Gone with the Headwinds : Global Productivity »

Volume/Issue: 2017/4

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Gustavo Adler , Romain Duval , Davide Furceri , Sinem K?l?ç Çelik , Ksenia Koloskova , and Marcos Poplawski-Ribeiro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475589672.006

ISBN: 9781475589672

Keywords: Labor productivity, Total factor productivity, Economic growth, Financial crisis, Fiscal policy, Labor Productivity, Total factor Productivity, Growth

Productivity growth-the key driver of living standards-fell sharply following the global financial crisis and has remained sluggish since, adding to a slowdown already in train before. Building on new research, thi...

Macro-Structural Policies and Income Inequality in Low-Income Developing Countries

Macro-Structural Policies and Income Inequality in Low-Income Developing Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2017/1

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Stefania Fabrizio , Davide Furceri , Rodrigo Garcia-Verdu , Bin Grace Li , Sandra Lizarazo Ruiz , Marina Mendes Tavares , Futoshi Narita , and Adrian Peralta-Alva

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 January 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475566222.006

ISBN: 9781475566222

Keywords: Economic growth, Economic indicators, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Financial sector, Agricultural sector, Low-income developing countries, Resource mobilization, Social indicators, Financial sector reform

Despite sustained economic growth and rapid poverty reductions, income inequality remains stubbornly high in many low-income developing countries. This pattern is a concern as high levels of inequality can impair t...

Macro-Structural Policies and Income Inequality in Low-Income Developing Countries

Macro-Structural Policies and Income Inequality in Low-Income Developing Countries »

Source: Macro-Structural Policies and Income Inequality in Low-Income Developing Countries

Volume/Issue: 2017/1

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Stefania Fabrizio , Davide Furceri , Rodrigo Garcia-Verdu , Bin Grace Li , Sandra Lizarazo Ruiz , Marina Mendes Tavares , Futoshi Narita , and Adrian Peralta-Alva

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 January 2017

ISBN: 9781475566222

Keywords: Economic growth, Economic indicators, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Financial sector, Agricultural sector, Low-income developing countries, Resource mobilization, Social indicators, Financial sector reform

Despite sustained economic growth and rapid poverty reductions, income inequality remains stubbornly high in many low-income developing countries. This pattern is a concern as high levels of inequality can impair t...

3. Global Value Chains: Where Are You? The Missing Link in Sub-Saharan Africa’s Trade Integration

3. Global Value Chains: Where Are You? The Missing Link in Sub-Saharan Africa’s Trade Integration »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, April 2015, Sub-Saharan Africa : Navigating Headwinds

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 April 2015

ISBN: 9781498329842

Keywords: trade, income, exchange, prices, gdp

This chapter reviews the extent and strength of integration of sub-Saharan Africa into the global economy, with a special focus on trade and participation in global value chains. It evaluates ho...