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Regional Economic Outlook, April 2019, Sub-Saharan Africa

Recovery Amid Elevated Uncertainty

The economic recovery in sub-Saharan Africa is expected to continue, but at a slower pace than envisaged in October 2018.

Global Financial Stability Report, April 2019

Vulnerabilities in a Maturing Credit Cycle

The April 2019 GFSR finds that despite significant variability over the past two quarters, financial conditions remain accommodative.

Fourth Progress Report on Inclusion of Enhanced Contractual Provisions in International Sovereign Bond Contract

Fourth Progress Report on Inclusion of Enhanced Contractual Provisions in International Sovereign Bond Contract »

Source: Fourth Progress Report on Inclusion of Enhanced Contractual Provisions in International Sovereign Bond Contract

Volume: 19

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Legal Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 March 2019

ISBN: 9781498302968

Keywords: Collective action clauses, Bond issues, Sovereign debt restructuring, Low income countries, Bond yields, Collective action clause, CACs, Sovereign debt, restructuring, Pari passu

This paper reports on progress in inclusion of enhanced collective action clauses and modified pari passu clauses as of end-October 2018. The report finds that enhanced CACs have now become the market standard, wi...

Fourth Progress Report on Inclusion of Enhanced Contractual Provisions in International Sovereign Bond Contract

Fourth Progress Report on Inclusion of Enhanced Contractual Provisions in International Sovereign Bond Contract »

Volume: 19

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Legal Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 March 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498302968.007

ISBN: 9781498302968

Keywords: Collective action clauses, Bond issues, Sovereign debt restructuring, Low income countries, Bond yields, Collective action clause, CACs, Sovereign debt, restructuring, Pari passu

This paper reports on progress in inclusion of enhanced collective action clauses and modified pari passu clauses as of end-October 2018. The report finds that enhanced CACs have now become the market standard, wi...

Corporate Taxation in the Global Economy

Corporate Taxation in the Global Economy »

Source: Corporate Taxation in the Global Economy

Volume: 19

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Legal Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 March 2019

ISBN: 9781498302197

Keywords: Tax competition, Tax reforms, Tax coordination, Tax systems, Tax administration, tax arrangement, BEPS, residual profit, digitalization, multi-national enterprise

The policy paper Corporate Taxation in the Global Economy stresses the need to maintain and build on the progress in international cooperation on tax matters that has been achieved in recent years, and in some resp...

IMF Executive Board Reviews Corporate Taxation in the Global Economy

IMF Executive Board Reviews Corporate Taxation in the Global Economy »

Source: Corporate Taxation in the Global Economy

Volume: 19

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Legal Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 March 2019

ISBN: 9781498302197

Keywords: Tax competition, Tax reforms, Tax coordination, Tax systems, Tax administration, tax arrangement, BEPS, residual profit, digitalization, multi-national enterprise

The policy paper Corporate Taxation in the Global Economy stresses the need to maintain and build on the progress in international cooperation on tax matters that has been achieved in recent years, and in some resp...

Corporate Taxation in the Global Economy

Corporate Taxation in the Global Economy »

Volume: 19

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Legal Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 March 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498302197.007

ISBN: 9781498302197

Keywords: Tax competition, Tax reforms, Tax coordination, Tax systems, Tax administration, tax arrangement, BEPS, residual profit, digitalization, multi-national enterprise

The policy paper Corporate Taxation in the Global Economy stresses the need to maintain and build on the progress in international cooperation on tax matters that has been achieved in recent years, and in some resp...

Debt Build-up in Frontier Low-Income Developing Countries (LIDCs) since 2012: Global or Country-specific Factors and Way Forward?

Debt Build-up in Frontier Low-Income Developing Countries (LIDCs) since 2012: Global or Country-specific Factors and Way Forward? »

Source: Debt Build-up in Frontier Low-Income Developing Countries (LIDCs) since 2012: Global or Country-specific Factors and Way Forward?

Volume/Issue: 2019/37

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Constance de Soyres , Anna Rogantini Picco , and Randa Sab

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 February 2019

ISBN: 9781484396247

Keywords: Domestic debt, Real interest rates, Economic growth, Heavily indebted poor countries, Interest rate increases, Debt build-up;Frontier LIDCs;global and country-specific factors;debt-to-GDP ratio;debt-to-GDP;country-specific;federal fund rate;fund rate

This paper focuses on the debt build-up that frontier low-income developing countries (LIDCs) have faced since 2012. First, it documents a 20-percentage point increase in the external and government debt-to-GDP ra...

Debt Build-up in Frontier Low-Income Developing Countries (LIDCs) since 2012: Global or Country-specific Factors and Way Forward?

Debt Build-up in Frontier Low-Income Developing Countries (LIDCs) since 2012: Global or Country-specific Factors and Way Forward? »

Volume/Issue: 2019/37

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Constance de Soyres , Anna Rogantini Picco , and Randa Sab

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 February 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484396247.001

ISBN: 9781484396247

Keywords: Domestic debt, Real interest rates, Economic growth, Heavily indebted poor countries, Interest rate increases, Debt build-up;Frontier LIDCs;global and country-specific factors;debt-to-GDP ratio;debt-to-GDP;country-specific;federal fund rate;fund rate

This paper focuses on the debt build-up that frontier low-income developing countries (LIDCs) have faced since 2012. First, it documents a 20-percentage point increase in the external and government debt-to-GDP ra...

Destabilizing the Global Monetary System: Germany's Adoption of the Gold Standard in the Early 1870s

Destabilizing the Global Monetary System: Germany's Adoption of the Gold Standard in the Early 1870s »

Source: Destabilizing the Global Monetary System: Germany's Adoption of the Gold Standard in the Early 1870s

Volume/Issue: 2019/32

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Johannes Wiegand

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 2019

ISBN: 9781484394724

Keywords: Currency reform, Fixed exchange rates, Exchange rate regimes, Currency question, Gold, Bimetallism;Gold Standard;France;Germany;Flandreau;specie;silver specie;gold currency

In 1871-73, newly unified Germany adopted the gold standard, replacing the silver-based currencies that had been prevalent in most German states until then. The reform sparked a series of steps in other countries t...

Destabilizing the Global Monetary System: Germany's Adoption of the Gold Standard in the Early 1870s

Destabilizing the Global Monetary System: Germany's Adoption of the Gold Standard in the Early 1870s »

Volume/Issue: 2019/32

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Johannes Wiegand

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484394724.001

ISBN: 9781484394724

Keywords: Currency reform, Fixed exchange rates, Exchange rate regimes, Currency question, Gold, Bimetallism;Gold Standard;France;Germany;Flandreau;specie;silver specie;gold currency

In 1871-73, newly unified Germany adopted the gold standard, replacing the silver-based currencies that had been prevalent in most German states until then. The reform sparked a series of steps in other countries t...

Inequality of Opportunity, Inequality of Income and Economic Growth

Inequality of Opportunity, Inequality of Income and Economic Growth »

Volume/Issue: 2019/34

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shekhar Aiyar , and Christian Ebeke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484396988.001

ISBN: 9781484396988

Keywords: Income inequality, Economic growth, Income distribution, Income shocks, Human capital, Intergenerational Mobility;Growth;Gini;inequality;elasticity;unequal access;Brueckner

We posit that the relationship between income inequality and economic growth is mediated by the level of equality of opportunity, which we identify with intergenerational mobility. In economies characterized by int...