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Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

This appendix describes the data sources and methodologies used for the estimation of subsidies for petroleum products, coal, natural gas, and electricity. Pretax Subsidies...

Africa
			: Adjustment to the Challenges of Globalization

Africa : Adjustment to the Challenges of Globalization »

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 January 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557758293.071

ISBN: 9781557758293

Keywords: banking, expenditure, trade liberalization, civil service, banking system

Sub-Saharan Africa needs much faster economic growth and more effective economic, financial, and social policies if it is to make up for lost ground and reduce the number of people living in abject poverty. Edited...

Development FOCUS: Poverty and Economic Policy in the Philippines

Development FOCUS: Poverty and Economic Policy in the Philippines »

Source: Finance & Development, September 1998

Volume/Issue: 35/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1998

ISBN: 9781451952278

Keywords: income distribution, unskilled workers, fiscal affairs department, taxation, public expenditures

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

6 Philippine Fiscal Policy: Sustainability, Growth, and Savings

6 Philippine Fiscal Policy: Sustainability, Growth, and Savings »

Source: Macroeconomic Issues Facing ASEAN Countries

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 July 1997

ISBN: 9781557756374

Keywords: current account, exchange rate, fdi, reer, real exchange rate

Over the last several years, there has been a dramatic improvement in the Philippines’ fiscal accounts. The consolidated public sector deficit has been reduced by about 5 percentage points of GNP since 1990...