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17 Does Corruption Affect Income Inequality and Poverty?

17 Does Corruption Affect Income Inequality and Poverty? »

Source: Governance, Corruption, and Economic Performance

Series: Books

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and George Abed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589061163

Keywords: decentralization, military spending, military, tax revenue, government expenditure

1. Introduction Government officials may use their authority for private gain in designing and implementing public policies. This phenomenon—defined broadly as corruption (Tanzi, 199...

Part IV Corruption, Income Distribution, and Poverty

Part IV Corruption, Income Distribution, and Poverty »

Source: Governance, Corruption, and Economic Performance

Series: Books

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and George Abed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589061163

Keywords: decentralization, military spending, military, tax revenue, government expenditure

...

10 Poverty, Fairness, and the VAT

10 Poverty, Fairness, and the VAT »

Source: The Modern VAT

Series: Books

Author(s): Liam Ebrill , Michael Keen , and Victoria Perry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 November 2001

ISBN: 9781589060265

Keywords: vat, tax administration, sales tax, taxation, tax system

It is a common fear when a VAT is introduced or extended that there will be an adverse impact on poverty, or on the distribution of real income more generally. Many of the central issues raised by such a con...

Study by Vito Tanzi: Distribution of Human Capital Is Key Element In Tackling Problems of Income Inequality

Study by Vito Tanzi: Distribution of Human Capital Is Key Element In Tackling Problems of Income Inequality »

Source: IMF Survey : Volume 28, Issue 03

Volume/Issue: 28/3

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1999

ISBN: 9781451936155

Keywords: international monetary fund, IMF Quota Increase,

On January 22, the IMF announced that more than 85 percent of its members had consented to an increase in the IMF’s quotas. The text of Press Release No. 99/4, issued on January 22, follows....

II The Setting for Adjustment: Initial Positions and Global Environment

II The Setting for Adjustment: Initial Positions and Global Environment »

Source: IMF Conditionality : Experience Under Stand-by and Extended Arrangements, Part I: Key Issues and Findings

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Louis Dicks-Mireaux , Miguel Savastano , Adam Bennett , María Carkovic S. , Mauro Mecagni , James John , and Susan Schadler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557754929

Keywords: inflation, terms of trade, capital inflows, exchange rate, real interest rates

Almost without exception, the initial positions of the countries under review were dire. Most were suffering the effects of long-standing institutional and structural weaknesses, fiscal excesses, and deficie...