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Global Financial Stability Report, April 2019

Vulnerabilities in a Maturing Credit Cycle

The April 2019 GFSR finds that despite significant variability over the past two quarters, financial conditions remain accommodative.

World Economic Outlook, April 2019

Growth Slowdown, Precarious Recovery

The global economic expansion decelerated in the second half of 2018 with global growth projected to slow to 3.3 percent in 2019, with risks to future growth on the downside.

Inequality of Opportunity, Inequality of Income and Economic Growth

Inequality of Opportunity, Inequality of Income and Economic Growth »

Volume/Issue: 2019/34

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shekhar Aiyar , and Christian Ebeke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484396988.001

ISBN: 9781484396988

Keywords: Income inequality, Economic growth, Income distribution, Income shocks, Human capital, Intergenerational Mobility;Growth;Gini;inequality;elasticity;unequal access;Brueckner

We posit that the relationship between income inequality and economic growth is mediated by the level of equality of opportunity, which we identify with intergenerational mobility. In economies characterized by int...

Oil Prices and the Global Economy
			: Is It Different This Time Around?

Oil Prices and the Global Economy : Is It Different This Time Around? »

Volume/Issue: 2016/210

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kamiar Mohaddes , and M. Pesaran

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475552034.001

ISBN: 9781475552034

Keywords: Economic growth, Markets, Oil, Oil prices, United States, Western Hemisphere, Econometric models, Supply and demand, Vector autoregression, Equity prices

The recent plunge in oil prices has brought into question the generally accepted view that lower oil prices are good for the United States and the global economy. In this paper, using a quarterly multi-country econ...

U.S. Monetary Policy Normalization and Global Interest Rates

U.S. Monetary Policy Normalization and Global Interest Rates »

Volume/Issue: 2016/195

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Carlos Caceres , Yan Carriere-Swallow , Ishak Demir , and Bertrand Gruss

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 September 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475543056.001

ISBN: 9781475543056

Keywords: Monetary policy; monetary conditions; autonomy; global financial cycle.

As the Federal Reserve continues to normalize its monetary policy, this paper studies the impact of U.S. interest rates on rates in other countries. We find a modest but nontrivial pass-through from U.S. to domesti...

Growing Apart, Losing Trust? The Impact of Inequality on Social Capital

Growing Apart, Losing Trust? The Impact of Inequality on Social Capital »

Volume/Issue: 2016/176

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eric Gould , and Alexander Hijzen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 August 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475529487.001

ISBN: 9781475529487

Keywords: social capital, earnings, redistribution

There is a widespread perception that trust and social capital have declined in United States as well as other advanced economies, while income inequality has tended to increase. While previous research has noted t...

Distributional Consequences of Fiscal Consolidation and the Role of Fiscal Policy
			: What Do the Data Say?

Distributional Consequences of Fiscal Consolidation and the Role of Fiscal Policy : What Do the Data Say? »

Volume/Issue: 2013/195

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jaejoon Woo , Elva Bova , Tidiane Kinda , and Yuanyan Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484390917.001

ISBN: 9781484390917

Keywords: Inequality, Gini Coefficient, Tax and Spending policy, gini, income distribution, world income inequality, dependent variable, General, Equity, Justice

The 2007-09 Great Recession has led to an unprecedented increase in public debt in many countries, triggering substantial fiscal adjustments. What are the distributional consequences of fiscal austerity measures? T...

Getting to Know GIMF
			: The Simulation Properties of the Global Integrated Monetary and Fiscal Model

Getting to Know GIMF : The Simulation Properties of the Global Integrated Monetary and Fiscal Model »

Volume/Issue: 2013/55

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Derek Anderson , Benjamin Hunt , Mika Kortelainen , Michael Kumhof , Douglas Laxton , Dirk Muir , Susanna Mursula , and Stephen Snudden

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 February 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475559415.001

ISBN: 9781475559415

Keywords: business cycle, fiscal multipliers, general equilibrium models, interest rates, macroeconomic interdependence, policy effects, simulation, inflation, real interest rate, real interest rates

The Global Integrated Monetary and Fiscal model (GIMF) is a multi-region, forward-looking, DSGE model developed by the Economic Modeling Division of the IMF for policy analysis and international economic research....

Globalization and Corporate Taxation

Globalization and Corporate Taxation »

Volume/Issue: 2012/252

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Manmohan Kumar , and Dennis Quinn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 October 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557754752.001

ISBN: 9781557754752

Keywords: Corporate tax rates, Strategic behavior, taxation, tax policy, fiscal affairs, Open Economy Macroeconomics, International Relations and International Political Economy: Other, Business Taxes and Subsidies,

This paper analyzes the extent to which the degree of international economic integration, both financial and trade, affects corporate tax rates. It explores this issue in the context of strategic behavior by countr...

Income Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Income Inequality and Fiscal Policy »

Volume/Issue: 2012/8

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): David Coady , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 June 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475504828.006

ISBN: 9781475504828

Keywords: Fiscal consolidation, Developed countries, Developing countries, Fiscal policy, Government expenditures, Income inequality, Income distribution, Taxation, Unemployment, tax

Staff Discussion Notes showcase the latest policy-related analysis and research being developed by individual IMF staff and are published to elicit comment and to further debate. These papers are generally brief an...

The Case for Global Fiscal Stimulus

The Case for Global Fiscal Stimulus »

Volume/Issue: 2009/03

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Jaewoo Lee , Douglas Laxton , Michael Kumhof , and Charles Freedman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 March 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455268368.004

ISBN: 9781455268368

Keywords: Financial sector, Financial crisis, Economic models, Central banks, Cross country analysis, Economic growth, Spillovers, Stabilization measures, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy

...

Foreign Aid Policy and Sources of Poverty
			: A Quantitative Framework

Foreign Aid Policy and Sources of Poverty : A Quantitative Framework »

Volume/Issue: 2006/14

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alex Mourmouras , and Peter Rangazas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451862744.001

ISBN: 9781451862744

Keywords: growth, schooling, fertility, capital mobility, fiscal policy, private capital, capital intensity, capital formation, international capital flows, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions

The econometric literature has been unable to establish a robust association between foreign aid and growth and poverty reduction. In this paper we argue that aid effectiveness must be assessed using methods that g...