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Financial Inclusion
			: Zooming in on Latin America

Financial Inclusion : Zooming in on Latin America »

Volume/Issue: 2015/206

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Era Dabla-Norris , Yixi Deng , Anna Ivanova , Izabela Karpowicz , Filiz Unsal , Eva VanLeemput , and Joyce Wong

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513568928.001

ISBN: 9781513568928

Keywords: Financial inclusion, Growth, Inequality, finance, household, households, bank, Equity, Justice, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement

Countries in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) have made important strides in promoting financial inclusion of firms and households. However, while the region is broadly at par with its peers on financial inclu...

The Impact of the Global Financial Crisis on Banking Globalization

The Impact of the Global Financial Crisis on Banking Globalization »

Volume/Issue: 2014/197

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stijn Claessens , and Neeltje Horen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 October 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498301435.001

ISBN: 9781498301435

Keywords: financial globalization, global financial crisis, financial fragmentation, host country, banking, foreign bank, host countries,

Although cross-border bank lending has fallen sharply since the crisis, extending our bank ownership database from 1995-2009 up to 2013 shows only limited retrenchment in foreign bank presence. While banks from OEC...

What is Behind Latin America's Declining Income Inequality?

What is Behind Latin America's Declining Income Inequality? »

Volume/Issue: 2014/124

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Evridiki Tsounta , and Anayochukwu Osueke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 July 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498378581.001

ISBN: 9781498378581

Keywords: Gini, emerging economies, Kuznets, gini coefficient, kuznets curve, declining inequality, Personal Income and Wealth Distribution, Equity, Justice, Inequality

Income inequality in Latin America has declined during the last decade, in contrast to the experience in many other emerging and developed regions. However, Latin America remains the most unequal region in the worl...

National Income and Its Distribution

National Income and Its Distribution »

Volume/Issue: 2014/101

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Markus Bruckner , Era Dabla-Norris , and Mark Gradstein

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 June 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498347815.001

ISBN: 9781498347815

Keywords: inequality, growth, gini, gini coefficient, dependent variable, Personal Income and Wealth Distribution, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

Does the distribution of income within a country become more equal as it grows richer? This paper uses plausibly exogenous variations in trade-weighted world income and international oil price shocks as instruments...

Central America, Panama, and the Dominican Republic
			: Challenges Following the 2008-09 Global Crisis:  Challenges Following the 2008-09 Global Crisis

Central America, Panama, and the Dominican Republic : Challenges Following the 2008-09 Global Crisis: Challenges Following the 2008-09 Global Crisis »

Series: Books

Author(s): Marco Pinon , Alejandro Lopez Mejia , M. (Mario) Garza , and Fernando Delgado

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 July 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616353780.071

ISBN: 9781616353780

Keywords: debt, inflation, monetary policy, interest, central bank

Central America, Panama, and the Dominican Republic coped well with the global financial crisis of 2008-09. The impact was generally less severe and shorter lived than in previous episodes, the balance of payments...

The Unequal Benefits of Fuel Subsidies
			: A Review of Evidence for Developing Countries

The Unequal Benefits of Fuel Subsidies : A Review of Evidence for Developing Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2010/202

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Coady , and Javier Arze del Granado

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455205325.001

ISBN: 9781455205325

Keywords: fuel subsidies, impact of subsidy reform, distribution of fuel consumption, subsidies, fuel prices, subsidy, fuel price, fuel consumption, Taxation, and Revenue: General

This paper reviews evidence on the impact of fuel subsidy reform on household welfare in developing countries. On average, the burden of subsidy reform is neutrally distributed across income groups; a $0.25 decreas...

Internationaler Währungsfonds Jahresbericht 2009
			: Fighting the Global Crisis

Internationaler Währungsfonds Jahresbericht 2009 : Fighting the Global Crisis »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 2009

Language: German

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589068841.011

ISBN: 9781589068841

Keywords: financial stability, financial sector, balance of payments, financial system, poverty reduction, financial markets, financial statements, monetary union, expenditures, commodity prices

The IMF's 2009 Annual Report chronicles the response of the Fund's Executive Board and staff to the global financial crisis and other events during financial year 2009, which covers the period from May 1, 2008, thr...

International Risk Sharing During the Globalization Era

International Risk Sharing During the Globalization Era »

Volume/Issue: 2009/209

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Akito Matsumoto , Robert Flood , and Nancy Marion

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451873566.001

ISBN: 9781451873566

Keywords: International risk sharing, incomplete market, risk sharing, emerging markets, private consumption, income growth, Macroeconomic Aspects Of International Trade And Finance, Saving, Production, Employment

Though theory suggests financial globalization should improve international risk sharing, empirical support has been limited. We develop a simple welfare-based measure that captures how far countries are from the i...

The Role of Fiscal Transparency in Sustaining Growth and Stability in Latin America

The Role of Fiscal Transparency in Sustaining Growth and Stability in Latin America »

Volume/Issue: 2007/220

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Taryn Parry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451867848.001

ISBN: 9781451867848

Keywords: Macroeconomic stability, fiscal policy, fiscal activities, contingent liabilities, decentralization,

Latin America has experienced a resurgence in growth in recent years. However, it is also a region that has been prone to crises while growth has not delivered a significant reduction in poverty and inequality. Mai...

Impact of Remittances on Poverty and Financial Development in Sub-Saharan Africa

Impact of Remittances on Poverty and Financial Development in Sub-Saharan Africa »

Volume/Issue: 2007/38

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , Catherine Pattillo , and Smita Wagh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451866025.001

ISBN: 9781451866025

Keywords: remittances, migration, migrant, remittance, international migration

This paper assesses the impact of the steadily growing remittance flows to sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Though the region receives only a small portion of the total recorded remittances to developing countries, and th...