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How Large Are Global Energy Subsidies?

How Large Are Global Energy Subsidies? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/105

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Coady , Ian Parry , Louis Sears , and Baoping Shang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 May 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513532196.001

ISBN: 9781513532196

Keywords: energy subsidies, efficient taxation, deadweight loss, revenue, subsidies, tax, vehicle, traffic, subsidy, Demand and Supply

This paper provides a comprehensive, updated picture of energy subsidies at the global and regional levels. It focuses on the broad notion of post-tax energy subsidies, which arise when consumer prices are below su...

Pakistan
			: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper

Pakistan : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper »

Volume/Issue: 2010/183

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 July 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455205226.002

ISBN: 9781455205226

Keywords: education, literacy, ger, ner, teachers

The distribution of poor population in Pakistan suggests that almost 75 percent of the poor are clustered around the poverty line. The economy moved to a higher growth trajectory in the vicinity of 6-7 percent real...

Pakistan
			: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper:  Joint Staff Advisory Note

Pakistan : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper: Joint Staff Advisory Note »

Volume/Issue: 2010/182

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 July 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455205219.002

ISBN: 9781455205219

Keywords: poverty reduction strategy, social safety net, macroeconomic framework, poverty reduction strategy paper, income distribution

The government of Pakistan completed its second full Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP-II) in December 2008. PRSP-II builds on the first Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP-I), which was adopted in December...

The Spillover Effects of the Global Crisison Economic Activity in Mena Emerging Market Countries
			: An Analysis Using the Financial Stress Index

The Spillover Effects of the Global Crisison Economic Activity in Mena Emerging Market Countries : An Analysis Using the Financial Stress Index »

Volume/Issue: 2010/8

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kenji Moriyama

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451961867.001

ISBN: 9781451961867

Keywords: Spillover, financial stress, emerging market, gdp growth, real gdp, trade partners, oil prices,

The estimated spillover of the global crisis to emerging market (EM) economies in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) indicates that nearly two-thirds of the increased financial stress in MENA EM countries afte...

Financial Development and Poverty Reduction
			: Can There Be a Benefit Without a Cost?

Financial Development and Poverty Reduction : Can There Be a Benefit Without a Cost? »

Volume/Issue: 2008/62

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sylviane Guillaumont Jeanneney , and Kangni Kpodar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451869248.001

ISBN: 9781451869248

Keywords: Financial development, McKinnon conduit effect, financial instability, gdp per capita, bond, growth rate,

This article investigates how financial development helps to reduce poverty directly through the McKinnon conduit effect and indirectly through economic growth. The results obtained with data for a sample of develo...

Pakistan
			: Staff Report for the 2004 Article IV Consultation, Ninth Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility, and Request for Waiver of Performance Criteria

Pakistan : Staff Report for the 2004 Article IV Consultation, Ninth Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility, and Request for Waiver of Performance Criteria »

Volume/Issue: 2004/411

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 December 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451830637.002

ISBN: 9781451830637

Keywords: debt, interest, budget, public sector, deficit

This paper focuses on Pakistan's 2004 Article IV Consultation, Ninth Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF), and Request for Waiver of Performance Criteria (P...

Pakistan
			: Eighth Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility and Request for Waivers and Modification of Performance Criteria

Pakistan : Eighth Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility and Request for Waivers and Modification of Performance Criteria »

Volume/Issue: 2004/211

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 July 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451830545.002

ISBN: 9781451830545

Keywords: debt, interest, budget, public sector, external debt

This paper assesses Pakistan's Eighth Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) and Request for Waivers and Modification of Performance Criteria (PCs). Implement...

Pakistan
			: Joint Staff Assessment of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper

Pakistan : Joint Staff Assessment of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper »

Volume/Issue: 2004/70

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 March 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451830507.002

ISBN: 9781451830507

Keywords: poverty reduction strategy, reduction strategy, poverty reduction strategy paper, reform agenda, macroeconomic framework

The Madagascar Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) includes detailed description of poverty developments and the profile of the poor. The diagnostic section shows that the rural poor largely depend on agricultu...

Pakistan
			: Staff Report for the 2002 Article IV Consultation, Third Review Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility Arrangement, and Request for Waivers of Performance Criteria

Pakistan : Staff Report for the 2002 Article IV Consultation, Third Review Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility Arrangement, and Request for Waivers of Performance Criteria »

Volume/Issue: 2002/246

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451830521.002

ISBN: 9781451830521

Keywords: debt, interest, budget, public debt, deficit

The economic outlook remains clouded by regional and domestic security concerns. Real GDP growth and inflation were broadly in line with program projections in 2001-02. The balance of payments position unproved fas...

Pakistan
			: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper

Pakistan : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper »

Volume/Issue: 2004/24

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 February 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451830460.002

ISBN: 9781451830460

Keywords: primary education, service delivery, health care, family planning, universal primary education

To stimulate private sector credit expansions in Pakistan, the monetary policy has been accommodative while financial sector reforms have brought about a lowering of intermediation costs and bank spreads. Consequen...