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Destabilizing the Global Monetary System: Germany's Adoption of the Gold Standard in the Early 1870s

Destabilizing the Global Monetary System: Germany's Adoption of the Gold Standard in the Early 1870s »

Volume/Issue: 2019/32

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Johannes Wiegand

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484394724.001

ISBN: 9781484394724

Keywords: Currency reform, Fixed exchange rates, Exchange rate regimes, Currency question, Gold, Bimetallism;Gold Standard;France;Germany;Flandreau;specie;silver specie;gold currency

In 1871-73, newly unified Germany adopted the gold standard, replacing the silver-based currencies that had been prevalent in most German states until then. The reform sparked a series of steps in other countries t...

A Global Projection Model for Euro Area Large Economies

A Global Projection Model for Euro Area Large Economies »

Volume/Issue: 2015/50

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Zoltan Jakab , Pavel Lukyantsau , and Shengzu Wang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 March 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498399609.001

ISBN: 9781498399609

Keywords: Global projection model, inflation, interest rate, economies, demand, exchange rate, Forecasting and Other Model Applications, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

The GPM project is designed to improve the toolkit for studying both own-country and cross-country linkages. This paper creates a special version of GPM that includes the four largest Euro Area (EA) countries. The...

Global Factors in the Term Structure of Interest Rates

Global Factors in the Term Structure of Interest Rates »

Volume/Issue: 2013/223

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mirko Abbritti , Salvatore Dell'Erba , Antonio Moreno , and Sergio Sola

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 November 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475513516.001

ISBN: 9781475513516

Keywords: Yield Curve, Global Factors, FAVAR, Affine Term Structure Models, Term Premium, inflation, monetary economics, expansionary monetary policy, monetary policies, Time-Series Models

This paper introduces global factors within a FAVAR framework in an empirical affine term structure model. We apply our method to a panel of international yield curves and show that global factors account for more...

Apocalypse then
			: The Evolution of the North Atlantic Economy and the Global Crisis

Apocalypse then : The Evolution of the North Atlantic Economy and the Global Crisis »

Volume/Issue: 2011/212

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Trung Bui , and Tamim Bayoumi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463902308.001

ISBN: 9781463902308

Keywords: Financial linkages, financial regulation, banking, bonds, bond, banking systems, financial market, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance: Forecasting and Simulation, General Financial Markets: Government Policy and Regulation,

The financial crisis, originated from the collapse of US housing markets in 2008, reverberates around the world. Its destructive force was felt nowhere more keenly than Western Europe. Indeed, it continues to mire...

A network analysis of global banking
			: 1978-2009

A network analysis of global banking : 1978-2009 »

Volume/Issue: 2011/74

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Javier Reyes , and Camelia Minoiu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455227051.001

ISBN: 9781455227051

Keywords: cross-border bank lending, network analysis, banking, banking crises, banking statistics, contagion, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, International Lending and Debt Problems,

In this paper we explore the properties of the global banking network using cross-border bank lending data for 184 countries over 1978-2009. Specifically, we analyze financial interconnectedness using network metri...

Globalization, the Business Cycle, and Macroeconomic Monitoring

Globalization, the Business Cycle, and Macroeconomic Monitoring »

Volume/Issue: 2011/25

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): S. Boragan Aruoba , Marco Terrones , Ayhan Kose , and Francis Diebold

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455216727.001

ISBN: 9781455216727

Keywords: Expansion, Contraction, Recession, Turning Point, Dynamic factor model, Nowcasting, Real-time analysis, business cycle, business cycles, correlations

We propose and implement a framework for characterizing and monitoring the global business cycle. Our framework utilizes high-frequency data, allows us to account for a potentially large amount of missing observati...

Do Credit Shocks Matter? A Global Perspective

Do Credit Shocks Matter? A Global Perspective »

Volume/Issue: 2010/261

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Thomas Helbling , Ayhan Kose , Christopher Otrok , and Raju Huidrom

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455209613.001

ISBN: 9781455209613

Keywords: credit spreads, macroeconomic fluctuations, global recession, recession, recessions, global recessions, financial markets, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration, Open Economy Macroeconomics

This paper examines the importance of credit market shocks in driving global business cycles over the period 1988:1-2009:4. We first estimate common components in various macroeconomic and financial variables of th...

After the Crisis
			: Lower Consumption Growth But Narrower Global Imbalances?

After the Crisis : Lower Consumption Growth But Narrower Global Imbalances? »

Volume/Issue: 2010/11

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Franziska Ohnsorge , and Ashoka Mody

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451961966.001

ISBN: 9781451961966

Keywords: current account adjustment, consumption growth, disposable income, household wealth, income growth, private consumption,

We estimate consumption dynamics in the G-7 economies, paying particular attention to the possibility of precautionary behavior in the face of uncertainty. We find that in the short run, continued income uncertaint...

French Banks Amid the Global Financial Crisis

French Banks Amid the Global Financial Crisis »

Volume/Issue: 2009/201

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yingbin Xiao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451873481.001

ISBN: 9781451873481

Keywords: French banks, debt guarantee, government support, refinancing, banking, capital adequacy, subordinated debt, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation, General Financial Markets,

This paper runs the gamut of qualitative and quantitative analyses to examine the performance of French banks during 2006-2008 and the financial support measures taken by the French government. French banks were no...

Fiscal Implications of the Global Economic and Financial Crisis

Fiscal Implications of the Global Economic and Financial Crisis »

Volume/Issue: 2009/13

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 June 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462374755.004

ISBN: 9781462374755

Keywords: Asset management, Developed countries, Cross country analysis, Economic recession, Emerging markets, Financial risk, Financial sector, Financial crisis, Revenue measures, Public finance

This note reflects macroeconomic and fiscal forecasts presented with the April 2009 World Economic Outlook, as well as information on fiscal stimulus and financial and industrial sector support gathered through mid...