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Revisiting the Concept of Dollarization
			: The Global Financial Crisis and Dollarization in Low-Income Countries

Revisiting the Concept of Dollarization : The Global Financial Crisis and Dollarization in Low-Income Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2015/12

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nkunde Mwase , and Francis Kumah

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 January 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484366912.001

ISBN: 9781484366912

Keywords: deposit dollarization, GMM, impulse response, flight to quality, currency, deposit, exchange rate, deposits, foreign currency, Models with Panel Data

The economic literature has examined deposit dollarization in nominal terms, typically focusing on the ratio of foreign currency deposits to broad money. However, while private agent demand for foreign currency may...

Inclusive Growth
			: Measurement and Determinants

Inclusive Growth : Measurement and Determinants »

Volume/Issue: 2013/135

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rahul Anand , Saurabh Mishra , and Shanaka Peiris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 May 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484323212.001

ISBN: 9781484323212

Keywords: pro-poor growth, distribution, equity, inequality, social mobility, pro-poor, distribution of income, welfare function, Justice, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement

We estimate a unified measure of inclusive growth for emerging markets by integrating their economic growth performance and income distribution outcomes, using data over three decades. Country distributions are cal...

Accelerating And Sustaining Growth
			: Economic and Political Lessons

Accelerating And Sustaining Growth : Economic and Political Lessons »

Volume/Issue: 2012/185

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arvind Virmani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475505337.001

ISBN: 9781475505337

Keywords: High Growth Economies, Policy Reforms, Timing and Phasing., import liberalization, competitive pressure, external shocks, per capita income, per capita growth rate, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity: General

The paper reviews and draws lessons from the experience of fast growing economies including a sub-set of these termed High Growth Economies (HGEs) with a decadal rate of over 7 per cent. It then reviews the history...

Financial Deepening, Property Rights and Poverty
			: Evidence From Sub-Saharan Africa

Financial Deepening, Property Rights and Poverty : Evidence From Sub-Saharan Africa »

Volume/Issue: 2011/196

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yifei Huang , and Raju Singh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462305230.001

ISBN: 9781462305230

Keywords: financial development, property rights, dependent variable, gini coefficient, descriptive statistics, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Financial Economics: General,

Recent studies on the relationship between financial development and poverty have been inconclusive. Some claim that, by allowing more entrepreneurs to obtain financing, financial development improves the allocatio...

Oil Shocks in a Global Perspective
			: Are they Really That Bad?

Oil Shocks in a Global Perspective : Are they Really That Bad? »

Volume/Issue: 2011/194

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tobias Rasmussen , and Agustin Roitman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462305254.001

ISBN: 9781462305254

Keywords: Oil importing economies, Oil shock episodes, Emerging and developing countries, Recycling of petrodollars, oil exporters, oil shock, oil importers, oil imports, International Economics: General, International Finance: General

Using a comprehensive global dataset, we outline stylized facts characterizing relationships between crude oil prices and macroeconomic developments across the world. Approaching the data from several angles, we fi...

Bhutan
			: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper-Joint Staff Advisory Note

Bhutan : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper-Joint Staff Advisory Note »

Volume/Issue: 2010/181

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 July 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455207398.002

ISBN: 9781455207398

Keywords: poverty reduction strategy, poverty reduction strategy paper, fiscal deficit, household income, Bhuta,

The overarching objective of Bhutan's Tenth Five-Year Plan (10FYP)-which is also the Royal Government of Bhutan's Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP)-is to sustain this trajectory and reduce poverty further. Po...

Bhutan
			: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper

Bhutan : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper »

Volume/Issue: 2010/180

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455207381.002

ISBN: 9781455207381

Keywords: education, youth, literacy, teachers, human development

Bhutan has evolved from a closed economy to a trading nation that exhibits a high degree of dependence on trade. Exports have grown rapidly but overall the country's trade deficit continues to widen owing to an eve...

Central Bank Autonomy
			: Lessons from Global Trends

Central Bank Autonomy : Lessons from Global Trends »

Volume/Issue: 2007/88

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bernard Laurens , Martin Sommer , Marco Arnone , and Jean-François Segalotto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451866520.001

ISBN: 9781451866520

Keywords: political autonomy, economic autonomy, central bank, monetary fund,

We calculate indexes of central bank autonomy (CBA) for 163 central banks as of end-2003, and comparable indexes for a subgroup of 68 central banks as of the end of the 1980s. The results confirm strong improvement...

Global Aging and Fiscal Policy with International Labor Mobility
			: A Political Economy Perspective

Global Aging and Fiscal Policy with International Labor Mobility : A Political Economy Perspective »

Volume/Issue: 2005/140

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mehmet Tosun

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451861594.001

ISBN: 9781451861594

Keywords: population aging, overlapping generations, endogenous fiscal policy, international labor mobility, international capital mobility, aging, labor mobility, social security, labor migration, Economic Growth of Open Economies

This paper uses an overlapping generations model with international labor mobility and a politically responsive fiscal policy to examine aging in developed and developing regions. Migrant workers change the politic...

Bhutan
			: Joint Staff Advisory Note of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper

Bhutan : Joint Staff Advisory Note of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper »

Volume/Issue: 2005/85

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 March 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451806250.002

ISBN: 9781451806250

Keywords: expenditures, expenditure, recurrent expenditures, poverty reduction strategy, poverty monitoring

This Joint Staff Advisory Note focuses on the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) Progress Report for Bhutan. Bhutan's PRSP aims to galvanize the poverty reduction efforts of the Royal Government of Bhutan, bui...