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Brazil

Boom, Bust, and Road to Recovery

Brazil is at crossroads, emerging slowly from a historic recession that was preceded by a huge economic boom.

Firms and the Decline in Earnings Inequality in Brazil

Firms and the Decline in Earnings Inequality in Brazil »

Volume/Issue: 2017/278

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jorge Alvarez , Felipe Benguria , Niklas Engbom , and Christian Moser

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 December 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484333037.001

ISBN: 9781484333037

Keywords: Brazil, Western Hemisphere, Earnings Inequality, Linked Employer-Employee Data, Firm and Worker Heterogeneity, Productivity, Firm Behavior: Empirical Analysis

We document a large decrease in earnings inequality in Brazil between 1996 and 2012. Using administrative linked employer-employee data, we fit high-dimensional worker and firm fixed effects models to understand th...

Inequality in Brazil: A Regional Perspective

Inequality in Brazil: A Regional Perspective »

Volume/Issue: 2017/225

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Carlos Góes , and Izabela Karpowicz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 October 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484324776.001

ISBN: 9781484324776

Keywords: Income inequality, Government expenditures and education, Government expenditures and welfare programs, Western Hemisphere, Brazil, redistribution policies, Models with Panel Data, Personal Income and Wealth Distribution, Equity, Justice

In this study, we document the decline in income inequality and a convergence in consumption patterns in Brazilian states in a new database constructed from micro data from the national households' survey. We adjus...

Normalization of Global Financial Conditions
			: The Implications for Brazil

Normalization of Global Financial Conditions : The Implications for Brazil »

Volume/Issue: 2015/194

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Troy Matheson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513588117.001

ISBN: 9781513588117

Keywords: Economic news, Vector-autoregression, bond, interest, bond yield, basis points, exchange rate, General,

Global financial conditions are poised to tighten further as the global recovery proceeds. While monetary policy normalization should be a healthy global development as growth continues to recover in advanced econo...

Can Foreign Exchange Intervention Stem Exchange Rate Pressures from Global Capital Flow Shocks?

Can Foreign Exchange Intervention Stem Exchange Rate Pressures from Global Capital Flow Shocks? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/159

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Olivier Blanchard , Gustavo Adler , and Irineu de Carvalho Filho

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 July 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513585840.001

ISBN: 9781513585840

Keywords: exchange rate, gross capital flows, exchange, market, General,

Many emerging market economies have relied on foreign exchange intervention (FXI) in response to gross capital inflows. In this paper, we study whether FXI has been an effective tool to dampen the effects of these...

Fiscal Policy in Latin America
			: Lessons and Legacies of the Global Financial Crisis

Fiscal Policy in Latin America : Lessons and Legacies of the Global Financial Crisis »

Volume/Issue: 2015/6

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Oya Celasun , Francesco Grigoli , Keiko Honjo , Javier Kapsoli , Alexander Klemm , Bogdan Lissovolik , Jan Luksic , Marialuz Moreno Badia , Joana Pereira , Marcos Poplawski-Ribeiro , Baoping Shang , and Yulia Ustyugova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 April 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498304412.006

ISBN: 9781498304412

Keywords: Fiscal policy, Latin America, fiscal institutions, debt, expenditure, financial crisis, Structure and Scope of Government, General, General, General,

Latin America's bold fiscal policy reaction to the global financial crisis was hailed as a sign that the region had finally overcome its procyclical fiscal past. However, most countries of the region have not yet r...

Fiscal Adjustment and Income Inequality
			: Sub-national Evidence from Brazil

Fiscal Adjustment and Income Inequality : Sub-national Evidence from Brazil »

Volume/Issue: 2014/85

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): João Pedro Azevedo , Antonio David , Fabiano Rodrigues Bastos , and Emilio Pineda

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 May 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484385340.001

ISBN: 9781484385340

Keywords: fiscal stance, fiscal consolidation, fiscal consolidations, General, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

We combine state-level fiscal data with household survey data to assess the links between sub-national fiscal policy and income inequality in Brazil over the period 1995-2011. The results indicate that a tighter fi...

Global Financial Shocks and Foreign Asset Repatriation
			: Do Local Investors Play a Stabilizing Role?

Global Financial Shocks and Foreign Asset Repatriation : Do Local Investors Play a Stabilizing Role? »

Volume/Issue: 2014/60

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gustavo Adler , Marie-Louise Djigbenou , and Sebastian Sosa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 April 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484353349.001

ISBN: 9781484353349

Keywords: gross capital flows, foreign assets, global financial shocks, capital inflows, net capital, net capital flows, capital outflows, General, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

We study the dynamic response of gross capital flows in emerging market economies to different global financial shocks, using a panel vector-autoregressive (PVAR) setting. Our focus lies primarily on the potentiall...

Global Financial Crisis, Financial Contagion, and Emerging Markets

Global Financial Crisis, Financial Contagion, and Emerging Markets »

Volume/Issue: 2012/293

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): F. Gulcin Ozkan , and Filiz Unsal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 December 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475551167.001

ISBN: 9781475551167

Keywords: domestic economy, exchange rate regime, trade openness, General,

The recent global financial crisis was the first in recent history that was triggered by problems in the financial system of the mature economies. Existing work on financial crisis in emerging market countries, how...

What Drives the Global Land Rush?

What Drives the Global Land Rush? »

Volume/Issue: 2011/251

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Harris Selod , Klaus Deininger , and Rabah Arezki

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463923334.001

ISBN: 9781463923334

Keywords: Land Acquisition, Large-Scale Agriculture, Foreign Investments Agro-Ecological Potential, Land Availability, Land Governance, Property Rights, forest, investors, forest land, forest area

This paper studies the determinants of foreign land acquisition for large-scale agriculture. To do so, gravity models are estimated using data on bilateral investment relationships, together with newly constructed...

Did Export Diversification Soften the Impact of the Global Financial Crisis?

Did Export Diversification Soften the Impact of the Global Financial Crisis? »

Volume/Issue: 2011/99

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rafael Romeu , and Nelson Costa Neto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455254309.001

ISBN: 9781455254309

Keywords: global financial crisis, HS classification, empirical, exporter, export diversification, trading partner, bilateral trade, trading partners, Studies of Particular Policy Episodes, International Finance: General,

This study considers the role of export diversification in determining trade outcomes during the global financial crisis. The impact of export diversification (or concentration) is measured by assessing three diffe...