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Transitory and Permanent Shocks in the Global Market for Crude Oil

Transitory and Permanent Shocks in the Global Market for Crude Oil »

Volume/Issue: 2020/47

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nooman Rebei , and Rashid Sbia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 February 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513528601.001

ISBN: 9781513528601

Keywords: Oil prices, Supply and demand, Oil production, Purchasing power parity, Real sector, Oil market, Vector autoregressions, Narrative analysis, Bayesian estimation, Kalman filtering

This paper documents the determinants of real oil price in the global market based on SVAR model embedding transitory and permanent shocks on oil demand and supply as well as speculative disturbances. We find evide...

Transitory and Permanent Shocks in the Global Market for Crude Oil1

Transitory and Permanent Shocks in the Global Market for Crude Oil1 »

Source: Transitory and Permanent Shocks in the Global Market for Crude Oil

Volume/Issue: 2020/47

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nooman Rebei , and Rashid Sbia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 February 2020

ISBN: 9781513528601

Keywords: Oil prices, Supply and demand, Oil production, Purchasing power parity, Real sector, Oil market, Vector autoregressions, Narrative analysis, Bayesian estimation, Kalman filtering

This paper documents the determinants of real oil price in the global market based on SVAR model embedding transitory and permanent shocks on oil demand and supply as well as speculative disturbances. We find evide...

Global Fossil Fuel Subsidies Remain Large: An Update Based on Country-Level Estimates

Global Fossil Fuel Subsidies Remain Large: An Update Based on Country-Level Estimates »

Source: Global Fossil Fuel Subsidies Remain Large: An Update Based on Country-Level Estimates

Volume/Issue: 2019/89

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Coady , Ian Parry , Nghia-Piotr Le , and Baoping Shang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 May 2019

ISBN: 9781484393178

Keywords: Gasoline prices, Consumer subsidies, Sustainable development, Energy prices, Fossil fuels, energy subsidies, efficient taxation, revenue, environment, deadweight loss

This paper updates estimates of fossil fuel subsidies, defined as fuel consumption times the gap between existing and efficient prices (i.e., prices warranted by supply costs, environmental costs, and revenue consi...

Global Fossil Fuel Subsidies Remain Large: An Update Based on Country-Level Estimates

Global Fossil Fuel Subsidies Remain Large: An Update Based on Country-Level Estimates »

Volume/Issue: 2019/89

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Coady , Ian Parry , Nghia-Piotr Le , and Baoping Shang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 May 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484393178.001

ISBN: 9781484393178

Keywords: Gasoline prices, Consumer subsidies, Sustainable development, Energy prices, Fossil fuels, energy subsidies, efficient taxation, revenue, environment, deadweight loss

This paper updates estimates of fossil fuel subsidies, defined as fuel consumption times the gap between existing and efficient prices (i.e., prices warranted by supply costs, environmental costs, and revenue consi...

Financial Inclusion of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in the Middle East and Central Asia

Financial Inclusion of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in the Middle East and Central Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2019/2

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nicolas Blancher , Maximiliano Appendino , Aidyn Bibolov , Armand Fouejieu , Jiawei Li , Anta Ndoye , Alexandra Panagiotakopoulou , Wei Shi , and Tetyana Sydorenko

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 February 2019

Language: Russian

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484396964.087

ISBN: 9781484396964

Keywords: Financial inclusion, Middle East and Central Asia, Business enterprises, Financial regulation and supervision, Bank credit, Central banks, Financial statistics, Monetary authorities, Small and Medium Enterprises, SME

The importance of financial inclusion is increasingly recognized by policymakers around the world. Small and medium-sized enterprise (SME) financial inclusion, in particular, is at the core of the economic diversif...

Financial Inclusion of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in the Middle East and Central Asia

Financial Inclusion of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in the Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: Financial Inclusion of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in the Middle East and Central Asia

Volume/Issue: 2019/2

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nicolas Blancher , Maximiliano Appendino , Aidyn Bibolov , Armand Fouejieu , Jiawei Li , Anta Ndoye , Alexandra Panagiotakopoulou , Wei Shi , and Tetyana Sydorenko

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 February 2019

Language: Russian

ISBN: 9781484396964

Keywords: Financial inclusion, Middle East and Central Asia, Business enterprises, Financial regulation and supervision, Bank credit, Central banks, Financial statistics, Monetary authorities, Small and Medium Enterprises, SME

The importance of financial inclusion is increasingly recognized by policymakers around the world. Small and medium-sized enterprise (SME) financial inclusion, in particular, is at the core of the economic diversif...

Financial Inclusion of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in the Middle East and Central Asia

Financial Inclusion of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in the Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: Financial Inclusion of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in the Middle East and Central Asia

Volume/Issue: 2019/2

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nicolas Blancher , Maximiliano Appendino , Aidyn Bibolov , Armand Fouejieu , Jiawei Li , Anta Ndoye , Alexandra Panagiotakopoulou , Wei Shi , and Tetyana Sydorenko

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 2019

ISBN: 9781484383124

Keywords: Financial inclusion, Middle East and Central Asia, Business enterprises, Financial regulation and supervision, Bank credit, Central banks, Financial statistics, Monetary authorities, Small and Medium Enterprises, SME

The importance of financial inclusion is increasingly recognized by policymakers around the world. Small and medium-sized enterprise (SME) financial inclusion, in particular, is at the core of the economic diversif...

Financial Inclusion of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in the Middle East and Central Asia

Financial Inclusion of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in the Middle East and Central Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2019/2

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nicolas Blancher , Maximiliano Appendino , Aidyn Bibolov , Armand Fouejieu , Jiawei Li , Anta Ndoye , Alexandra Panagiotakopoulou , Wei Shi , and Tetyana Sydorenko

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484383124.087

ISBN: 9781484383124

Keywords: Financial inclusion, Middle East and Central Asia, Business enterprises, Financial regulation and supervision, Bank credit, Central banks, Financial statistics, Monetary authorities, Small and Medium Enterprises, SME

The importance of financial inclusion is increasingly recognized by policymakers around the world. Small and medium-sized enterprise (SME) financial inclusion, in particular, is at the core of the economic diversif...

Pursuing Women's Economic Empowerment

Pursuing Women's Economic Empowerment »

Volume/Issue: 2018/029

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department;International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 May 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498308526.007

ISBN: 9781498308526

Keywords: Total factor productivity, Labor force participation, Low-income developing countries, Labor market reforms, Gross national product, gender gap, gender inequality, gender equality, IMF, inequality

"The economic and social imperative for women's economic empowerment is clear. Greater gender equality boosts economic growth and leads to better development outcomes. It contributes to reducing income inequality a...

Pursuing Women's Economic Empowerment

Pursuing Women's Economic Empowerment »

Source: Pursuing Women's Economic Empowerment

Volume/Issue: 2018/029

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department;International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 May 2018

ISBN: 9781498308526

Keywords: Total factor productivity, Labor force participation, Low-income developing countries, Labor market reforms, Gross national product, gender gap, gender inequality, gender equality, IMF, inequality

"The economic and social imperative for women's economic empowerment is clear. Greater gender equality boosts economic growth and leads to better development outcomes. It contributes to reducing income inequality a...