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Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

This appendix describes the data sources and methodologies used for the estimation of subsidies for petroleum products, coal, natural gas, and electricity. Pretax Subsidies...

2. MENAP Oil Importers: Adjusting to New Global Growth Patterns1

2. MENAP Oil Importers: Adjusting to New Global Growth Patterns1 »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2010, Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 October 2010

ISBN: 9781589069527

Keywords: oil exporters, exporters, oil importers, gas exporters, banking

At a Glance MENAP oil importers withstood the 2008–09 global financial crisis well, having effectively used their limited room for countercyclical macroeconomic polic...

1. MENAP Oil Exporters: Weathering the Global Storm

1. MENAP Oil Exporters: Weathering the Global Storm »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2009, Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 October 2009

ISBN: 9781589068582

Keywords: oil exporters, exporters, oil importers, remittances, energy exporters

The MENAP oil exporters were directly affected by the global financial crisis through a sharp drop in oil prices, a contraction in the global economy, and a sudden drying up of capital inflows. Although acti...

Global Financial Crisis: IMF Backs Coordinated Action to Combat Crisis

Global Financial Crisis: IMF Backs Coordinated Action to Combat Crisis »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 37, Issue 13

Volume/Issue: 37/10

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 March 2009

ISBN: 9781451968026

Keywords: financial system, financial institutions, financial markets, financial crisis, interest rates

Annual Meetings, IMFC Communiqué, Global Financial Stability Report, Sovereign Wealth Fund Principles, Global Financial Crisis, Fair Value Accounting, Financial Stress and Downturns, Subprime Crisis, What Next for...

IMF Predicts Major Global Slowdown

IMF Predicts Major Global Slowdown »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 37, Issue 13

Volume/Issue: 37/10

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 March 2009

ISBN: 9781451968026

Keywords: financial system, financial institutions, financial markets, financial crisis, interest rates

Annual Meetings, IMFC Communiqué, Global Financial Stability Report, Sovereign Wealth Fund Principles, Global Financial Crisis, Fair Value Accounting, Financial Stress and Downturns, Subprime Crisis, What Next for...

7 Maintaining Competitiveness in the Global Economy

7 Maintaining Competitiveness in the Global Economy »

Source: Exchange Rate Analysis in Support of IMF Surveillance : A Collection of Empirical Studies

Series: Books

Author(s): Charalambos Tsangarides , Carlo Cottarelli , Gian Milesi-Ferretti , and Atish Ghosh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 2008

ISBN: 9781589067288

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange rate, exchange rate regime, exchange rates, exchange rate regimes

The appreciation of the rupee in recent years has raised concerns about India’s export competitiveness. Between end-2002 and 2005, the Indian rupee appreciated by 6 percent against the U.S. dollar and by 8 p...

CHAPTER 2. Growth and Poverty Reduction

CHAPTER 2. Growth and Poverty Reduction »

Source: Growth and Poverty Reduction in Armenia : Achievements and Challenges

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Christian Beddies , Enrique Gelbard , James McHugh , Laure Redifer , and Garbis Iradian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 November 2005

ISBN: 9781589064515

Keywords: Economic growth, Poverty reduction, banking, banking system, tfp, tax revenues, tax administration

This chapter reviews Armenia’s growth performance and poverty indicators since the early 1990s. It seeks to respond to the following four questions: What were the sources of growth? Can the recent rapid grow...

Growth and Poverty Reduction in Armenia
			: Achievements and Challenges

Growth and Poverty Reduction in Armenia : Achievements and Challenges »

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Christian Beddies , Enrique Gelbard , James McHugh , Laure Redifer , and Garbis Iradian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 November 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064515.058

ISBN: 9781589064515

Keywords: Economic growth, Poverty reduction, banking, banking system, tfp, tax revenues, tax administration

Since 2000, Armenia's economic performance has been remarkable. Real economic growth has averaged 11 percent a year, annual inflation has averaged 3 percent, and poverty and inequality have fallen. The country has...

Azerbaijan Republic: Third Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility—Staff Report; Staff Statement; Press Release on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Azerbaijan Republic

Azerbaijan Republic: Third Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility—Staff Report; Staff Statement; Press Release on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Azerbaijan Republic »

Source: Azerbaijan Republic : Third Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility-Staff Report; Staff Statement; Press Release on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Azerbaijan Republic

Volume/Issue: 2004/9

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 January 2004

ISBN: 9781451802573

Keywords: banking, central bank, external debt, banking system, balance of payments

Macroeconomic performance continues to be strong, with double-digit real gross domestic product growth and low inflation. All quantitative and structural performance criteria have been met. Significant progress has...

IMF Completes Third Review Under Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility Arrangement with the Azerbaijan Republic

IMF Completes Third Review Under Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility Arrangement with the Azerbaijan Republic »

Source: Azerbaijan Republic : Third Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility-Staff Report; Staff Statement; Press Release on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Azerbaijan Republic

Volume/Issue: 2004/9

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 January 2004

ISBN: 9781451802573

Keywords: banking, central bank, external debt, banking system, balance of payments

Macroeconomic performance continues to be strong, with double-digit real gross domestic product growth and low inflation. All quantitative and structural performance criteria have been met. Significant progress has...