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Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

This appendix describes the data sources and methodologies used for the estimation of subsidies for petroleum products, coal, natural gas, and electricity. Pretax Subsidies...

Income Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Income Inequality and Fiscal Policy »

Volume/Issue: 2012/8

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): David Coady , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 June 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475504828.006

ISBN: 9781475504828

Keywords: Fiscal consolidation, Developed countries, Developing countries, Fiscal policy, Government expenditures, Income inequality, Income distribution, Taxation, Unemployment, tax

Staff Discussion Notes showcase the latest policy-related analysis and research being developed by individual IMF staff and are published to elicit comment and to further debate. These papers are generally brief an...

Income Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Income Inequality and Fiscal Policy »

Source: Income Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Volume/Issue: 2012/8

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): David Coady , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 June 2012

ISBN: 9781475504828

Keywords: Fiscal consolidation, Developed countries, Developing countries, Fiscal policy, Government expenditures, Income inequality, Income distribution, Taxation, Unemployment, tax

Staff Discussion Notes showcase the latest policy-related analysis and research being developed by individual IMF staff and are published to elicit comment and to further debate. These papers are generally brief an...

Global Dispersion of Current Accounts: Is the Universe Expanding?

Global Dispersion of Current Accounts: Is the Universe Expanding? »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 56, No. 3

Volume: 56

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 July 2009

ISBN: 9781589068209

Keywords: trade openness, trade liberalization, import duties, transition economies, trade barriers

Studies of the impact of trade openness on growth are based either on crosscountry analysis—which lacks transparency—or case studies—which lack statistical rigor. This paper applies a transpare...

Global Imbalances, Productivity Differentials, and Financial Integration

Global Imbalances, Productivity Differentials, and Financial Integration »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 56, No. 3

Volume: 56

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 July 2009

ISBN: 9781589068209

Keywords: trade openness, trade liberalization, import duties, transition economies, trade barriers

Studies of the impact of trade openness on growth are based either on crosscountry analysis—which lacks transparency—or case studies—which lack statistical rigor. This paper applies a transpare...

7 Maintaining Competitiveness in the Global Economy

7 Maintaining Competitiveness in the Global Economy »

Source: Exchange Rate Analysis in Support of IMF Surveillance : A Collection of Empirical Studies

Series: Books

Author(s): Charalambos Tsangarides , Carlo Cottarelli , Gian Milesi-Ferretti , and Atish Ghosh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 2008

ISBN: 9781589067288

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange rate, exchange rate regime, exchange rates, exchange rate regimes

The appreciation of the rupee in recent years has raised concerns about India’s export competitiveness. Between end-2002 and 2005, the Indian rupee appreciated by 6 percent against the U.S. dollar and by 8 p...

Modeling the IMF’s Statistical Discrepancy in the Global Current Account

Modeling the IMF’s Statistical Discrepancy in the Global Current Account »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 48, No. 3

Volume: 48

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): Robert Flood

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 January 2002

ISBN: 9781451973792

Keywords: current account, exchange rate, international monetary fund, balance of payments, foreign exchange, IMF staff papers,

This paper analyzes the financial implications of the 1956 crisis of nationalization of the Suez Canal by Egypt. It examines the regional distribution of public employment in Italy. The paper quantifies the impact...

Redistribution Through Public Employment: The Case of Italy

Redistribution Through Public Employment: The Case of Italy »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 48, No. 3

Volume: 48

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): Robert Flood

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 January 2002

ISBN: 9781451973792

Keywords: current account, exchange rate, international monetary fund, balance of payments, foreign exchange, IMF staff papers,

This paper analyzes the financial implications of the 1956 crisis of nationalization of the Suez Canal by Egypt. It examines the regional distribution of public employment in Italy. The paper quantifies the impact...

VI Afterword: The Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility

VI Afterword: The Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility »

Source: Social Issues in IMF-Supported Programs

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ritha Khemani , Sanjeev Gupta , Calvin McDonald , Louis Dicks-Mireaux , and Marijn Verhoeven

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 January 2000

ISBN: 9781557758736

Keywords: health care, social safety nets, health care spending, safety nets, public spending

Following the Executive Board’s consideration of this and other papers, important changes were made to the ESAF to give the goal of poverty reduction greater prominence and improve its effective...

A Global Integration Strategy for Mediterranean Countries Open Trade and Market Reforms

A Global Integration Strategy for Mediterranean Countries Open Trade and Market Reforms »

Source: A Global Integration Strategy for the Mediterranean Countries : Open Trade and Market Reforms

Series: Books

Author(s): Oleh Havrylyshyn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756473

Keywords: dynamic gains, free trade, trade diversion, global liberalization, mfn

The economies of the Mediterranean region countries—which in the present study include Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Syria, Tunisia, as well as Israel and Turkey—experie...