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How Does Financial Globalization Affect Risk Sharing? Patterns and Channels

How Does Financial Globalization Affect Risk Sharing? Patterns and Channels »

Volume/Issue: 2007/238

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marco Terrones , Ayhan Kose , and Eswar Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451868029.001

ISBN: 9781451868029

Keywords: risk sharing, emerging markets, financial globalization,

In theory, one of the main benefits of financial globalization is that it should allow for more efficient international risk sharing. This paper provides a comprehensive empirical evaluation of the patterns of risk...

The Distributional Bias of Public Education
			: Causes and Consequences

The Distributional Bias of Public Education : Causes and Consequences »

Volume/Issue: 2004/214

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mark Gradstein , and Era Dabla-Norris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451875027.001

ISBN: 9781451875027

Keywords: Public education, incidence bias, inequality, education spending, income inequality, private education, Publicly Provided Private Goods, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

While public education is often intended to be progressive in its effects on income distribution, in reality its incidence is often skewed toward the rich. This paper argues that the extent of this bias is directly...

The Global Credit Crunch and Foreign Banks' Lending to Emerging Markets
			: Why Did Latin America Fare Better?

The Global Credit Crunch and Foreign Banks' Lending to Emerging Markets : Why Did Latin America Fare Better? »

Volume/Issue: 2010/102

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kulwant Rai , and Herman Kamil

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455200610.001

ISBN: 9781455200610

Keywords: global: credit crunch, cross-border lending, foreign banks, foreign bank, international settlements, foreign currency, foreign affiliates, International Lending and Debt Problems, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration, International Finance Forecasting and Simulation,

The recent global financial turmoil raised questions about the stability of foreign banks' financing to emerging market countries. While foreign banks' lending growth to most emerging market regions contracted shar...

What is Behind Latin America's Declining Income Inequality?

What is Behind Latin America's Declining Income Inequality? »

Volume/Issue: 2014/124

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Evridiki Tsounta , and Anayochukwu Osueke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 July 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498378581.001

ISBN: 9781498378581

Keywords: Gini, emerging economies, Kuznets, gini coefficient, kuznets curve, declining inequality, Personal Income and Wealth Distribution, Equity, Justice, Inequality

Income inequality in Latin America has declined during the last decade, in contrast to the experience in many other emerging and developed regions. However, Latin America remains the most unequal region in the worl...

The Prospects for Sustained Growth in Africa
			: Benchmarking the Constraints

The Prospects for Sustained Growth in Africa : Benchmarking the Constraints »

Volume/Issue: 2007/52

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian , Jonathan Ostry , and Simon Johnson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451866162.001

ISBN: 9781451866162

Keywords: Sustained growth, constraints, benchmark, gdp growth, growth rates, trade policies, gdp per capita, Economic Development: General, Economic Development: Regional, Urban

A dozen countries had weak institutions in 1960 and yet sustained high rates of growth subsequently. We use data on their characteristics early in the growth process to create benchmarks with which to evaluate pote...

In the news: IMF gains new tools in fight against poverty

In the news: IMF gains new tools in fight against poverty »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 34, Issue 18

Volume/Issue: 34/18

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2005

ISBN: 9781451938890

Keywords: central bank, international monetary fund, public sector, central bank governors

The Web edition of the IMF Survey is updated several times a week, and contains a wealth of articles about topical policy and economic issues in the news. Access the latest IMF research, read interviews, and listen...

In the news: Ministers back debt deal, urge action on oil, global imbalances

In the news: Ministers back debt deal, urge action on oil, global imbalances »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 34, Issue 18

Volume/Issue: 34/18

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2005

ISBN: 9781451938890

Keywords: central bank, international monetary fund, public sector, central bank governors

The Web edition of the IMF Survey is updated several times a week, and contains a wealth of articles about topical policy and economic issues in the news. Access the latest IMF research, read interviews, and listen...

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2010
			: Supporting a Balanced Global Recovery

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2010 : Supporting a Balanced Global Recovery »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616350154.011

ISBN: 9781616350154

Keywords: financing, finance, debt, credit, bank

The IMF's 2010 Annual Report chronicles the response of the Fund's Executive Board and staff to the global financial crisis and other events during financial year 2010, which covers the period from May 1, 2009, thr...

Issues in Coordination of Fiscal Policies: On the road to effective global demand management

Issues in Coordination of Fiscal Policies: On the road to effective global demand management »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1988

Volume/Issue: 25/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1988

ISBN: 9781616353759

Keywords: adjustment programs, structural adjustment, external shocks, aggregate demand, process of adjustment

This paper describes the effect of IMF-supported adjustment programs on the poor. The paper highlights that IMF-supported adjustment programs have often been misunderstood and have been criticized for seeking exces...

Part I: Central America, Panama, and the Dominican Republic before and during the Global Financial Crisis

Part I: Central America, Panama, and the Dominican Republic before and during the Global Financial Crisis »

Source: Central America, Panama, and the Dominican Republic : Challenges Following the 2008-09 Global Crisis: Challenges Following the 2008-09 Global Crisis

Series: Books

Author(s): Marco Pinon , Alejandro Lopez Mejia , M. (Mario) Garza , and Fernando Delgado

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 July 2012

ISBN: 9781616353780

Keywords: debt, inflation, monetary policy, interest, central bank

The two chapters in this part of the book analyze the external linkages of Central America, Panama, and the Dominican Republic (CAPDR) and the region’s economic performance during t...