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How Do Fiscal and Labor Policies in France Affect Inequality?

How Do Fiscal and Labor Policies in France Affect Inequality? »

Volume/Issue: 2016/41

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Raphael Espinoza , and Esther Perez Ruiz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 February 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513515960.001

ISBN: 9781513515960

Keywords: redistribution, market income inequality, labor market policies, fiscal policies, labor, unemployment, minimum wage, workers, income distribution, Personal Income and Wealth Distribution

This paper explores the impact of fiscal and labor market policies on efficiency, inequality, and fiscal outcomes in France. We extend the general equilibrium model calibrated for France by Alla and others (2015),...

Macroeconomic Impacts of Gender Inequality and Informality in India

Macroeconomic Impacts of Gender Inequality and Informality in India »

Volume/Issue: 2016/16

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Purva Khera

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 February 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475590784.001

ISBN: 9781475590784

Keywords: gender inequality, informality, DSGE model, Indian economy, Bayesian estimation, labor market, labor, workers, unemployment, labor force

This paper examines the macroeconomic interaction between informality and gender inequality in the labor market. A dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model is built to study the impact of gender-targeted polici...

The Elusive Quest for Inclusive Growth
			: Growth, Poverty, and Inequality in Asia

The Elusive Quest for Inclusive Growth : Growth, Poverty, and Inequality in Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2013/152

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ravi Balakrishnan , Chad Steinberg , and Murtaza Syed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 June 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475531169.001

ISBN: 9781475531169

Keywords: Inequality, Labor Market, pro-poor, gini, income distribution, Personal Income and Wealth Distribution, Government Policy and Regulation, General, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

This paper assesses how pro-poor and inclusive Asia’s recent growth has been, and what factors have been driving these outcomes. It finds that while poverty has fallen across the region over the last two dec...

Social Spending in Korea
			: Can it Foster Sustainable and Inclusive Growth?

Social Spending in Korea : Can it Foster Sustainable and Inclusive Growth? »

Volume/Issue: 2012/250

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Selim Elekdag

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 October 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475549218.001

ISBN: 9781475549218

Keywords: Korea, growth, social, spending, social spending, labor market, labor market participation, relative poverty, General,

Going forward, Korea faces two closely related challenges: sustaining economic growth against the backdrop of a rapidly aging population and ameliorating income inequality. This paper argues that a gradual increase...

How Has The Globalization of Labor Affected the Labor Income Share in Advanced Countries?

How Has The Globalization of Labor Affected the Labor Income Share in Advanced Countries? »

Volume/Issue: 2007/298

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Florence Jaumotte , and Irina Tytell

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451868616.001

ISBN: 9781451868616

Keywords: offshoring, outsourcing, labor share, skills, translog revenue function, labor compensation, compensation, labor market, labor force,

Labor markets around the world have become increasingly integrated over the last two decades, with the entry of China, India and the former Eastern bloc into the world trading system, the removal of restrictions on...

Globalization and Income Inequality
			: A European Perspective

Globalization and Income Inequality : A European Perspective »

Volume/Issue: 2007/169

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Thomas Harjes

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451867336.001

ISBN: 9781451867336

Keywords: wage, wages, labor share, labor markets, labor market, Globlization,

There is growing concern in Europe over the impact of globalization on high and evenly shared living standards. These concerns have often surfaced in response to falling labor income shares in aggregate national in...

Effects of Globalization on Labor's Share in National Income

Effects of Globalization on Labor's Share in National Income »

Volume/Issue: 2006/294

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anastasia Guscina

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451865547.001

ISBN: 9781451865547

Keywords: Labor&;amp;#x2019;s share, capital&;amp;#x2019;s share, labor protection, bargaining power, compensation share, employment share, Heckscher-Ohlin theorem, employment, employment protection, labor share

The past two decades have seen a decline in labor's share of national income in several industrial countries. This paper analyzes the role of three factors in explaining movements in labor's share--factor-biased te...

Trade Liberalization and Wage Inequality
			: Evidence From India

Trade Liberalization and Wage Inequality : Evidence From India »

Volume/Issue: 2005/20

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Prachi Mishra , and Utsav Kumar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451860399.001

ISBN: 9781451860399

Keywords: wage premium, wage, unskilled workers, wage differentials, Trade and Labor Market Interactions,

We evaluate empirically the impact of the dramatic 1991 trade liberalization in India on the industry wage structure. The empirical strategy uses variation in industry wage premiums and trade policy across industri...

Do Labor Market Policies and Growth Fundamentals Matter for Income Inequality in Oecd Countries? Some Empirical Evidence

Do Labor Market Policies and Growth Fundamentals Matter for Income Inequality in Oecd Countries? Some Empirical Evidence »

Volume/Issue: 1997/3

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Patrick Van Houdt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451841862.001

ISBN: 9781451841862

Keywords: labor market, labor market policies, unemployment, employment, active labor

Income distribution may be related to fundamentals affecting economic growth and to labor market policies. Noting that inequality is affected by unemployment. This paper presents a model in which labor market polic...