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Fiscal Redistribution and Social Welfare

Fiscal Redistribution and Social Welfare »

Volume/Issue: 2019/51

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Coady , Devin D'Angelo , and Brooks Evans

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484398081.001

ISBN: 9781484398081

Keywords: Social security, Income distribution, Personal income taxes, Social welfare programs, Fiscal policy, Fiscal redistribution, progressivity, targeting, transfers, taxes

Fiscal policy is a key tool for achieving distributional objectives in advanced economies. This paper embeds the discussion of fiscal redistribution within the standard social welfare framework, which lends itself...

Inequality in China - Trends, Drivers and Policy Remedies

Inequality in China - Trends, Drivers and Policy Remedies »

Volume/Issue: 2018/127

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sonali Jain-Chandra , Niny Khor , Rui Mano , Johanna Schauer , Philippe Wingender , and Juzhong Zhuang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 June 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484357538.001

ISBN: 9781484357538

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, China, Fiscal policy, Income inequality, structural change, Personal Income and Wealth Distribution, General

China has experienced rapid economic growth over the past two decades and is on the brink of eradicating poverty. However, income inequality increased sharply from the early 1980s and rendered China among the most...

The Global Macrofinancial Model

The Global Macrofinancial Model »

Volume/Issue: 2018/81

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francis Vitek

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 April 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484350706.001

ISBN: 9781484350706

Keywords: Monetary policy; Fiscal policy; Macroprudential policy; Spillovers; Forecasting; Dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model; World economy

This paper documents the theoretical structure and empirical properties of the latest version of the Global Macrofinancial Model (GFM). This dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model of the world economy, disagg...

Inequality and Poverty across Generations in the European Union

Inequality and Poverty across Generations in the European Union »

Volume/Issue: 2018/1

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Tingyun Chen , Jean-Jacques Hallaert , Alexander Pitt , Haonan Qu , Maximilien Queyranne , Alaina Rhee , Anna Shabunina , Jérôme Vandenbussche , and Irene Yackovlev

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 January 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484338445.006

ISBN: 9781484338445

Keywords: Fiscal policy, Labor market policy, Labor policy, Income inequality, Poverty and inequality, Inequality, Poverty, Europe, Redistribution

This SDN studies the evolution of inequality across age groups leading up to and since the global financial crisis, as well as implications for fiscal and labor policies. Europe's population is aging, child and you...

Fiscal Reforms, Long-term Growth and Income Inequality

Fiscal Reforms, Long-term Growth and Income Inequality »

Volume/Issue: 2017/145

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Santiago Acosta Ormaechea , Takuji Komatsuzaki , and Carolina Correa-Caro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 June 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484303689.001

ISBN: 9781484303689

Keywords: Fiscal policy, Synthetic Control Method, Structural Reform, General, Comparative Studies of Countries

We estimate the effects on growth of nine fiscal reform episodes in seven high-income countries using the Synthetic Control Method. These episodes are selected using an indicator-based approach applied to the evalu...

Gone with the Headwinds
			: Global Productivity

Gone with the Headwinds : Global Productivity »

Volume/Issue: 2017/4

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Gustavo Adler , Romain Duval , Davide Furceri , Sinem K?l?ç Çelik , Ksenia Koloskova , and Marcos Poplawski-Ribeiro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475589672.006

ISBN: 9781475589672

Keywords: Labor productivity, Total factor productivity, Economic growth, Financial crisis, Fiscal policy, Labor Productivity, Total factor Productivity, Growth

Productivity growth-the key driver of living standards-fell sharply following the global financial crisis and has remained sluggish since, adding to a slowdown already in train before. Building on new research, thi...

Macro-Structural Policies and Income Inequality in Low-Income Developing Countries

Macro-Structural Policies and Income Inequality in Low-Income Developing Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2017/1

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Stefania Fabrizio , Davide Furceri , Rodrigo Garcia-Verdu , Bin Grace Li , Sandra Lizarazo Ruiz , Marina Mendes Tavares , Futoshi Narita , and Adrian Peralta-Alva

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 January 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475566222.006

ISBN: 9781475566222

Keywords: Economic growth, Economic indicators, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Financial sector, Agricultural sector, Low-income developing countries, Resource mobilization, Social indicators, Financial sector reform

Despite sustained economic growth and rapid poverty reductions, income inequality remains stubbornly high in many low-income developing countries. This pattern is a concern as high levels of inequality can impair t...

The Influence of Gender Budgeting in Indian States on Gender Inequality and Fiscal Spending

The Influence of Gender Budgeting in Indian States on Gender Inequality and Fiscal Spending »

Volume/Issue: 2016/227

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Janet Stotsky , and Asad Zaman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 November 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475555219.001

ISBN: 9781475555219

Keywords: India, Fiscal policy, Asia and Pacific, gender budgeting, gender inequality, Indian states, General, General, Economics of Gender

This study investigates the effect of gender budgeting in India on gender inequality and fiscal spending. Gender budgeting is an approach to budgeting in which governments use fiscal policies and administration to...

Income Inequality and Fiscal Policy (2nd Edition)

Income Inequality and Fiscal Policy (2nd Edition) »

Volume/Issue: 2012/8R

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Francesca Bastagli , David Coady , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 September 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475510850.006

ISBN: 9781475510850

Keywords: Taxation, Unemployment, Income distribution, Developed countries, Developing countries, Fiscal consolidation, Government expenditures, Income inequality, fiscal policy, tax and expenditure policy

This note will describe recent trends in income inequality in both advanced and developing economies and how tax and expenditure policies have impacted on these trends. It will discuss how tax and expenditure polic...

Income Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Income Inequality and Fiscal Policy »

Volume/Issue: 2012/8

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): David Coady , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 June 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475504828.006

ISBN: 9781475504828

Keywords: Fiscal consolidation, Developed countries, Developing countries, Fiscal policy, Government expenditures, Income inequality, Income distribution, Taxation, Unemployment, tax

Staff Discussion Notes showcase the latest policy-related analysis and research being developed by individual IMF staff and are published to elicit comment and to further debate. These papers are generally brief an...