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10 Africa: Industrialization Strategy In the Context of Globalization

10 Africa: Industrialization Strategy In the Context of Globalization »

Source: Trade Reform and Regional Integration in Africa

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 December 1998

ISBN: 9781557757692

Keywords: trade liberalization, regional integration, trade reform, trade taxes, tariff rates

The crucial challenge facing policy makers in government and the multilateral agencies is that of framing a new industrial strategy for sub-Saharan Africa in the 21st century. Whatever its limit...

Alleviating Poverty under Structural Adjustment: Proper policies can improve the welfare of the poor over the long run

Alleviating Poverty under Structural Adjustment: Proper policies can improve the welfare of the poor over the long run »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1987

Volume/Issue: 24/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1987

ISBN: 9781616353711

Keywords: importing country, exporters, export restraints, exporting country, voluntary export restraints

This paper discusses the structural adjustment in low-income countries. In the first 20 months of its operations, the IMF's structural adjustment facility (SAF) has provided concessional financial assistance to sup...

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1988

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1988 »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1988

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451944716.011

ISBN: 9781451944716

Keywords: balance of payments, repurchases, current account, general resources account, exporting countries

The Annual Report to the Board of Governors reviews the IMF's activities and policies during any given year. There are five chapters: (1) Overview, (2) Developments in the Global Economy and Financial Markets, (3)...

Appendix 2: Measures Used to Characterize Global Supply Chains

Appendix 2: Measures Used to Characterize Global Supply Chains »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

Various measures can be used to characterize global supply chains. Hummels, Ishii, and Yi (2001) were the first to measure the value of imported contents embodied in a country’s exp...

Appendix 4: New Drivers of Global Trade: Key Stylized Facts

Appendix 4: New Drivers of Global Trade: Key Stylized Facts »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

Changes in export composition by trading partner strongly reflect the emergence of EMEs (Figure A4.1). As a consequence, those countries more strongly exposed to EMEs generally expe...

13 Beyond Trade: Regional Arrangements as a Window on Globalization

13 Beyond Trade: Regional Arrangements as a Window on Globalization »

Source: Trade Reform and Regional Integration in Africa

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 December 1998

ISBN: 9781557757692

Keywords: trade liberalization, regional integration, trade reform, trade taxes, tariff rates

This chapter argues that regional arrangements can be an important strategic and practical vehicle to help African countries to integrate themselves into the world economy and to take advantage of globalizat...

Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Changing Patterns of Global Trade »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

Changing Patterns of Global Trade outlines the factors underlying important shifts in global trade that have occurred in recent decades. The emergence of global supply chains and their increasing role in trade patt...

Chapter 1 Global Prospects and Policies

Chapter 1 Global Prospects and Policies »

Source: World Economic Outlook, April 2012 : Growth Resuming, Dangers Remain

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 April 2012

ISBN: 9781616352462

Keywords: debt, exporters, commodity exporters, household debt

Recent Developments After suffering a major setback during 2011, global prospects are gradually strengthening again, but downside risks remain elevated. Through the third quarter, gr...

Chapter 3. Global Trade and Relative Prices: A Sectoral Elasticities Approach

Chapter 3. Global Trade and Relative Prices: A Sectoral Elasticities Approach »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

A highly disaggregated sectoral level approach is used to examine the impact of relative price changes on trade flows and structures. The impact of such macroeconomic policies is often analyzed at the level...

Chapter 6. Government Failure and Poverty Reduction in the CEMAC

Chapter 6. Government Failure and Poverty Reduction in the CEMAC »

Source: Oil Wealth in Central Africa : Policies for Inclusive Growth

Series: Books

Author(s): Bernardin Akitoby , and Sharmini Coorey

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 August 2012

ISBN: 9781616353766

Keywords: fiscal policy, per, public investment, expenditure, fiscal stance

The countries composing the Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa (CEMAC) have some of the lowest social indicators in the world (Table 6.1). Although the Republic of Congo (hereafter “Congo”), E...