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Development and Income Distribution: Economic growth has been accompanied by increasing inequality in many developing countries. But a strategy of “nibbling” at the problems of income distribution through financial and technical assistance seems promising.

Development and Income Distribution: Economic growth has been accompanied by increasing inequality in many developing countries. But a strategy of “nibbling” at the problems of income distribution through financial and technical assistance seems promising. »

Source: Finance & Development, September 1973

Volume/Issue: 10/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1973

ISBN: 9781616353131

Keywords: income distribution, per capita income, income groups, distribution of income

This paper focuses on the subject of development and income distribution, and suggests a method whereby economic development can be skewed in favor of the poor. The paper underscores that improvements in the distri...

Financial Development and Poverty Reduction

Financial Development and Poverty Reduction »

Source: Financial Development and Poverty Reduction : Can There Be a Benefit Without a Cost?

Volume/Issue: 2008/62

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sylviane Guillaumont Jeanneney , and Kangni Kpodar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2008

ISBN: 9781451869248

Keywords: Financial development, McKinnon conduit effect, financial instability, gdp per capita, bond, growth rate,

This article investigates how financial development helps to reduce poverty directly through the McKinnon conduit effect and indirectly through economic growth. The results obtained with data for a sample of develo...

Global Financial Markets: Moving Up the Learning Curve

Global Financial Markets: Moving Up the Learning Curve »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1996

Volume/Issue: 33/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1996

ISBN: 9781451951899

Keywords: environmentally sustainable development, environment, sustainable development, rural development

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

How Large Are Global Energy Subsidies?

How Large Are Global Energy Subsidies? »

Source: How Large Are Global Energy Subsidies?

Volume/Issue: 2015/105

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Coady , Ian Parry , Louis Sears , and Baoping Shang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 May 2015

ISBN: 9781513532196

Keywords: energy subsidies, efficient taxation, deadweight loss, revenue, subsidies, tax, vehicle, traffic, subsidy, Demand and Supply

This paper provides a comprehensive, updated picture of energy subsidies at the global and regional levels. It focuses on the broad notion of post-tax energy subsidies, which arise when consumer prices are below su...

Pakistan
			: Staff Report for the 2004 Article IV Consultation, Ninth Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility, and Request for Waiver of Performance Criteria

Pakistan : Staff Report for the 2004 Article IV Consultation, Ninth Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility, and Request for Waiver of Performance Criteria »

Volume/Issue: 2004/411

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 December 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451830637.002

ISBN: 9781451830637

Keywords: debt, interest, budget, public sector, deficit

This paper focuses on Pakistan's 2004 Article IV Consultation, Ninth Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF), and Request for Waiver of Performance Criteria (P...

Pakistan
			: Staff Report for the 2002 Article IV Consultation, Third Review Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility Arrangement, and Request for Waivers of Performance Criteria

Pakistan : Staff Report for the 2002 Article IV Consultation, Third Review Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility Arrangement, and Request for Waivers of Performance Criteria »

Volume/Issue: 2002/246

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451830521.002

ISBN: 9781451830521

Keywords: debt, interest, budget, public debt, deficit

The economic outlook remains clouded by regional and domestic security concerns. Real GDP growth and inflation were broadly in line with program projections in 2001-02. The balance of payments position unproved fas...

Pakistan
			: Eighth Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility and Request for Waivers and Modification of Performance Criteria

Pakistan : Eighth Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility and Request for Waivers and Modification of Performance Criteria »

Volume/Issue: 2004/211

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 July 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451830545.002

ISBN: 9781451830545

Keywords: debt, interest, budget, public sector, external debt

This paper assesses Pakistan's Eighth Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) and Request for Waivers and Modification of Performance Criteria (PCs). Implement...

Pakistan
			: Fifth Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility and Request for Waiver and Modification of Performance Criteria

Pakistan : Fifth Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility and Request for Waiver and Modification of Performance Criteria »

Volume/Issue: 2003/180

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 June 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451830576.002

ISBN: 9781451830576

Keywords: debt, budget, interest, grants, deficit

This paper examines Pakistan's Fifth Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) and Request for Waiver and Modification of Performance Criteria. Although most ref...

Pakistan
			: First Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF), and Request for Waiver and Modification of Performance Criteria

Pakistan : First Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF), and Request for Waiver and Modification of Performance Criteria »

Volume/Issue: 2002/82

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 April 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451830446.002

ISBN: 9781451830446

Keywords: debt, budget, interest, grants, public sector

This paper evaluates Pakistan's First Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) and a Request for Waiver and Modification of Performance Criteria. Developments i...

Pakistan
			: Fourth Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility and Request for Waiver of Performance Criterion

Pakistan : Fourth Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility and Request for Waiver of Performance Criterion »

Volume/Issue: 2003/54

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451830491.002

ISBN: 9781451830491

Keywords: debt, budget, interest, deficit, tax administration

This paper examines Pakistan's Fourth Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility and Request for Waiver of Performance Criterion. Progress on the structural front throug...