Browse

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 19 items :

  • Economics - Macroeconomics x
Destabilizing the Global Monetary System: Germany's Adoption of the Gold Standard in the Early 1870s

Destabilizing the Global Monetary System: Germany's Adoption of the Gold Standard in the Early 1870s »

Source: Destabilizing the Global Monetary System: Germany's Adoption of the Gold Standard in the Early 1870s

Volume/Issue: 2019/32

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Johannes Wiegand

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 2019

ISBN: 9781484394724

Keywords: Currency reform, Fixed exchange rates, Exchange rate regimes, Currency question, Gold, Bimetallism;Gold Standard;France;Germany;Flandreau;specie;silver specie;gold currency

In 1871-73, newly unified Germany adopted the gold standard, replacing the silver-based currencies that had been prevalent in most German states until then. The reform sparked a series of steps in other countries t...

Destabilizing the Global Monetary System: Germany's Adoption of the Gold Standard in the Early 1870s

Destabilizing the Global Monetary System: Germany's Adoption of the Gold Standard in the Early 1870s »

Volume/Issue: 2019/32

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Johannes Wiegand

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484394724.001

ISBN: 9781484394724

Keywords: Currency reform, Fixed exchange rates, Exchange rate regimes, Currency question, Gold, Bimetallism;Gold Standard;France;Germany;Flandreau;specie;silver specie;gold currency

In 1871-73, newly unified Germany adopted the gold standard, replacing the silver-based currencies that had been prevalent in most German states until then. The reform sparked a series of steps in other countries t...

Global Aging Pressures

Global Aging Pressures »

Source: Global Aging Pressures : Impact of Fiscal Adjustment, Policy Cooperation, and Structural Reforms

Volume/Issue: 2007/196

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Manmohan Kumar , and Dennis Botman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2007

ISBN: 9781451867602

Keywords: Global aging, fiscal cooperation, Lisbon Agenda, IMF&;amp;#x2019;s Global Fiscal Mode, aging, social security, government spending, fiscal variables,

Demographic pressures will materialize in many economies over the next few decades. We examine the macroeconomic impact of alternative fiscal adjustment and structural reform strategies to address these global agin...

Global Aging Pressures
			: Impact of Fiscal Adjustment, Policy Cooperation, and Structural Reforms

Global Aging Pressures : Impact of Fiscal Adjustment, Policy Cooperation, and Structural Reforms »

Volume/Issue: 2007/196

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Manmohan Kumar , and Dennis Botman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451867602.001

ISBN: 9781451867602

Keywords: Global aging, fiscal cooperation, Lisbon Agenda, IMF&;amp;#x2019;s Global Fiscal Mode, aging, social security, government spending, fiscal variables,

Demographic pressures will materialize in many economies over the next few decades. We examine the macroeconomic impact of alternative fiscal adjustment and structural reform strategies to address these global agin...

Tax Reform and Debt Sustainability in Germany
			: An Assessment Using the Global Fiscal Model

Tax Reform and Debt Sustainability in Germany : An Assessment Using the Global Fiscal Model »

Volume/Issue: 2007/46

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dennis Botman , and Stephan Danninger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451866100.001

ISBN: 9781451866100

Keywords: VAT, tax reform, spillover effects, global fiscal model, taxation, fiscal adjustment, tax base, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance: Forecasting and Simulation, Subsidies, and Revenue: General

In 2005, the German government announced a far-reaching fiscal adjustment program. This paper uses the IMF’s Global Fiscal Model to study its impact and explores options for addressing long-term pressures fr...

Country Focus: Albania Looks to Translate Impressive Gains into Sustained Growth

Country Focus: Albania Looks to Translate Impressive Gains into Sustained Growth »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 35, Issue 21

Volume/Issue: 35/21

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 November 2006

ISBN: 9781451968866

Keywords: international monetary fund, macroeconomic implications, public debt, fiscal sustainability, Adjustment, Balance Of Power, International Monetary Fund (imf). Quotas, Organizational Change,

John Lipsky's visit to South Africa and Mali, Latin American growth, Uruguay repays loan, Eastern Europe, Albania's economy, Belarus and Morocco, U.S. current account deficit, Francis Warnock, IMF governance, fisca...

Globalization and the Future of Social Protection1

Globalization and the Future of Social Protection1 »

Source: Globalization and the Future of Social Protection

Volume/Issue: 2000/12

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2000

ISBN: 9781451842890

Keywords: globalization, welfare state, tax expenditure, regulations, public spending, social expenditure, expenditures, tax expenditures, tax systems, expenditure

Social protection in industrial countries has been provided through regulations, tax expenditures, and public spending. This paper argues that globalization will affect governments’ ability to continue provi...

Globalization and the Future of Social Protection

Globalization and the Future of Social Protection »

Volume/Issue: 2000/12

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451842890.001

ISBN: 9781451842890

Keywords: globalization, welfare state, tax expenditure, regulations, public spending, social expenditure, expenditures, tax expenditures, tax systems, expenditure

Social protection in industrial countries has been provided through regulations, tax expenditures, and public spending. This paper argues that globalization will affect governments’ ability to continue provi...

I. Global Economic Prospects and Policies

I. Global Economic Prospects and Policies »

Source: World Economic Outlook, May 1997 : Globalization: Opportunities and Challenges

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 1997

ISBN: 9781557756480

Keywords: debt, inflation, interest, payments, transition countries

World economic growth quickened during 1996 following widespread deceleration of activity in 1995 (Chart 1). Economic and financial conditions are generally propitio...

III. Meeting the Challenges of Globalization in the Advanced Economies

III. Meeting the Challenges of Globalization in the Advanced Economies »

Source: World Economic Outlook, May 1997 : Globalization: Opportunities and Challenges

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 1997

ISBN: 9781557756480

Keywords: debt, inflation, interest, payments, transition countries

Globalization refers to the growing economic interdependence of countries worldwide through the increasing volume and variety of cross-border transactions in goods and services and...