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Regional Economic Outlook, April 2019, Sub-Saharan Africa

Recovery Amid Elevated Uncertainty

The economic recovery in sub-Saharan Africa is expected to continue, but at a slower pace than envisaged in October 2018.

Global Financial Stability Report, April 2019

Vulnerabilities in a Maturing Credit Cycle

The April 2019 GFSR finds that despite significant variability over the past two quarters, financial conditions remain accommodative.

Chapter 8 Inequality in Brazil: A Closer Look at the Evolution in States

Chapter 8 Inequality in Brazil: A Closer Look at the Evolution in States »

Source: Brazil : Boom, Bust, and Road to Recovery

Series: Books

Author(s): Antonio Spilimbergo , and Krishna Srinivasan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 March 2019

ISBN: 9781484339749

Keywords: Brazil, Corruption, Economic conditions, Economic recession, Economic recovery, Trade, economic history

Using a novel methodology that allows households’ incomes to be adjusted for price-level differences across states, this chapter analyzes the evolution of income inequality in Brazi...

Chapter 9 Poverty and Inequality in Brazil and Latin America

Chapter 9 Poverty and Inequality in Brazil and Latin America »

Source: Brazil : Boom, Bust, and Road to Recovery

Series: Books

Author(s): Antonio Spilimbergo , and Krishna Srinivasan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 March 2019

ISBN: 9781484339749

Keywords: Brazil, Corruption, Economic conditions, Economic recession, Economic recovery, Trade, economic history

Brazil, and Latin America more broadly, have made impressive progress in reducing inequality and poverty since the turn of the century, although they remain highly u...

Fiscal Redistribution and Social Welfare

Fiscal Redistribution and Social Welfare »

Source: Fiscal Redistribution and Social Welfare

Volume/Issue: 2019/51

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Coady , Devin D'Angelo , and Brooks Evans

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2019

ISBN: 9781484398081

Keywords: Social security, Income distribution, Personal income taxes, Social welfare programs, Fiscal policy, Fiscal redistribution, progressivity, targeting, transfers, taxes

Fiscal policy is a key tool for achieving distributional objectives in advanced economies. This paper embeds the discussion of fiscal redistribution within the standard social welfare framework, which lends itself...

Fiscal Redistribution and Social Welfare

Fiscal Redistribution and Social Welfare »

Volume/Issue: 2019/51

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Coady , Devin D'Angelo , and Brooks Evans

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484398081.001

ISBN: 9781484398081

Keywords: Social security, Income distribution, Personal income taxes, Social welfare programs, Fiscal policy, Fiscal redistribution, progressivity, targeting, transfers, taxes

Fiscal policy is a key tool for achieving distributional objectives in advanced economies. This paper embeds the discussion of fiscal redistribution within the standard social welfare framework, which lends itself...

Debt Build-up in Frontier Low-Income Developing Countries (LIDCs) since 2012: Global or Country-specific Factors and Way Forward?

Debt Build-up in Frontier Low-Income Developing Countries (LIDCs) since 2012: Global or Country-specific Factors and Way Forward? »

Source: Debt Build-up in Frontier Low-Income Developing Countries (LIDCs) since 2012: Global or Country-specific Factors and Way Forward?

Volume/Issue: 2019/37

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Constance de Soyres , Anna Rogantini Picco , and Randa Sab

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 February 2019

ISBN: 9781484396247

Keywords: Domestic debt, Real interest rates, Economic growth, Heavily indebted poor countries, Interest rate increases, Debt build-up;Frontier LIDCs;global and country-specific factors;debt-to-GDP ratio;debt-to-GDP;country-specific;federal fund rate;fund rate

This paper focuses on the debt build-up that frontier low-income developing countries (LIDCs) have faced since 2012. First, it documents a 20-percentage point increase in the external and government debt-to-GDP ra...

Debt Build-up in Frontier Low-Income Developing Countries (LIDCs) since 2012: Global or Country-specific Factors and Way Forward?

Debt Build-up in Frontier Low-Income Developing Countries (LIDCs) since 2012: Global or Country-specific Factors and Way Forward? »

Volume/Issue: 2019/37

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Constance de Soyres , Anna Rogantini Picco , and Randa Sab

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 February 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484396247.001

ISBN: 9781484396247

Keywords: Domestic debt, Real interest rates, Economic growth, Heavily indebted poor countries, Interest rate increases, Debt build-up;Frontier LIDCs;global and country-specific factors;debt-to-GDP ratio;debt-to-GDP;country-specific;federal fund rate;fund rate

This paper focuses on the debt build-up that frontier low-income developing countries (LIDCs) have faced since 2012. First, it documents a 20-percentage point increase in the external and government debt-to-GDP ra...

Destabilizing the Global Monetary System: Germany's Adoption of the Gold Standard in the Early 1870s

Destabilizing the Global Monetary System: Germany's Adoption of the Gold Standard in the Early 1870s »

Source: Destabilizing the Global Monetary System: Germany's Adoption of the Gold Standard in the Early 1870s

Volume/Issue: 2019/32

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Johannes Wiegand

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 2019

ISBN: 9781484394724

Keywords: Currency reform, Fixed exchange rates, Exchange rate regimes, Currency question, Gold, Bimetallism;Gold Standard;France;Germany;Flandreau;specie;silver specie;gold currency

In 1871-73, newly unified Germany adopted the gold standard, replacing the silver-based currencies that had been prevalent in most German states until then. The reform sparked a series of steps in other countries t...

Destabilizing the Global Monetary System: Germany's Adoption of the Gold Standard in the Early 1870s

Destabilizing the Global Monetary System: Germany's Adoption of the Gold Standard in the Early 1870s »

Volume/Issue: 2019/32

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Johannes Wiegand

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484394724.001

ISBN: 9781484394724

Keywords: Currency reform, Fixed exchange rates, Exchange rate regimes, Currency question, Gold, Bimetallism;Gold Standard;France;Germany;Flandreau;specie;silver specie;gold currency

In 1871-73, newly unified Germany adopted the gold standard, replacing the silver-based currencies that had been prevalent in most German states until then. The reform sparked a series of steps in other countries t...

Inequality of Opportunity, Inequality of Income and Economic Growth

Inequality of Opportunity, Inequality of Income and Economic Growth »

Volume/Issue: 2019/34

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shekhar Aiyar , and Christian Ebeke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484396988.001

ISBN: 9781484396988

Keywords: Income inequality, Economic growth, Income distribution, Income shocks, Human capital, Intergenerational Mobility;Growth;Gini;inequality;elasticity;unequal access;Brueckner

We posit that the relationship between income inequality and economic growth is mediated by the level of equality of opportunity, which we identify with intergenerational mobility. In economies characterized by int...

Inequality of Opportunity, Inequality of Income and Economic Growth

Inequality of Opportunity, Inequality of Income and Economic Growth »

Source: Inequality of Opportunity, Inequality of Income and Economic Growth

Volume/Issue: 2019/34

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shekhar Aiyar , and Christian Ebeke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 2019

ISBN: 9781484396988

Keywords: Income inequality, Economic growth, Income distribution, Income shocks, Human capital, Intergenerational Mobility;Growth;Gini;inequality;elasticity;unequal access;Brueckner

We posit that the relationship between income inequality and economic growth is mediated by the level of equality of opportunity, which we identify with intergenerational mobility. In economies characterized by int...