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5. Global Value Chains

5. Global Value Chains »

Source: Trade Integration and Global Value Chains in Sub-Saharan Africa : In Pursuit of the Missing Link

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Céline Allard , Jorge Canales Kriljenko , Jesus Gonzalez-Garcia , Emmanouil Kitsios , Juan Trevino , and Wenjie Chen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2016

ISBN: 9781498349901

Keywords: Exports, International trade, Production, Sub-Saharan Africa, Time series, Trade integration, Econometric models, Goods, Regional trade, trade

Beyond the pure expansion of trade, an additional dimension of globalization over the past two decades has been the emergence of global value chains (GVCs). In an increasingly integrated world economy fueled...

Trade Integration and Global Value Chains in Sub-Saharan Africa: In Pursuit of the Missing Link

Trade Integration and Global Value Chains in Sub-Saharan Africa: In Pursuit of the Missing Link »

Source: Trade Integration and Global Value Chains in Sub-Saharan Africa : In Pursuit of the Missing Link

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Céline Allard , Jorge Canales Kriljenko , Jesus Gonzalez-Garcia , Emmanouil Kitsios , Juan Trevino , and Wenjie Chen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2016

ISBN: 9781498349901

Keywords: Exports, International trade, Production, Sub-Saharan Africa, Time series, Trade integration, Econometric models, Goods, Regional trade, trade

This analysis of the extent of trade integration of sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries in the global economy as well as within the region over the 1995-2013 period focuses on four key concepts: (1) trade openness,...

The Unequal Benefits of Fuel Subsidies Revisited
			: Evidence for Developing Countries

The Unequal Benefits of Fuel Subsidies Revisited : Evidence for Developing Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2015/250

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Coady , Valentina Flamini , and Louis Sears

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513501390.001

ISBN: 9781513501390

Keywords: Fuel subsidy reform, welfare impact, distribution, transport, fuel, subsidies, fuel prices, subsidy, Incidence, All Countries,

Understanding who benefits from fuel price subsidies and the welfare impact of increasing fuel prices is key to designing, and gaining public support for, subsidy reform. This paper updates evidence for developing...

The Unequal Benefits of Fuel Subsidies Revisited

The Unequal Benefits of Fuel Subsidies Revisited »

Source: The Unequal Benefits of Fuel Subsidies Revisited : Evidence for Developing Countries

Volume/Issue: 2015/250

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Coady , Valentina Flamini , and Louis Sears

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 2015

ISBN: 9781513501390

Keywords: Fuel subsidy reform, welfare impact, distribution, transport, fuel, subsidies, fuel prices, subsidy, Incidence, All Countries,

Understanding who benefits from fuel price subsidies and the welfare impact of increasing fuel prices is key to designing, and gaining public support for, subsidy reform. This paper updates evidence for developing...

Financial Inclusion and Development in the CEMAC1

Financial Inclusion and Development in the CEMAC1 »

Source: Financial Inclusion and Development in the CEMAC

Volume/Issue: 2015/235

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Adrian Alter , and Boriana Yontcheva

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 November 2015

ISBN: 9781484317556

Keywords: financial inclusion, financial development gap, benchmarking, gdp, credit, variables, Government Policy and Regulation,

This paper examines financial inclusion and development in the CEMAC. We explore the level of financial inclusion in the CEMAC through a benchmarking exercise.We construct a measure of financial development gap and...

Financial Inclusion and Development in the CEMAC

Financial Inclusion and Development in the CEMAC »

Volume/Issue: 2015/235

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Adrian Alter , and Boriana Yontcheva

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 November 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484317556.001

ISBN: 9781484317556

Keywords: financial inclusion, financial development gap, benchmarking, gdp, credit, variables, Government Policy and Regulation,

This paper examines financial inclusion and development in the CEMAC. We explore the level of financial inclusion in the CEMAC through a benchmarking exercise.We construct a measure of financial development gap and...

3. Inequality and Economic Outcomes in Sub-Saharan Africa

3. Inequality and Economic Outcomes in Sub-Saharan Africa »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2015 : Sub-Saharan Africa

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 October 2015

ISBN: 9781513597331

Keywords: Sub-Saharan Africa; commodity exporters; oil-exporting countries; competitiveness; trade integration; income inequality; gender inequality

Sub-Saharan Africa has among the highest levels of inequality—both income and gender—in the world, even after accounting for the lower levels of per capita income in the region. With growing international ev...

Chapter 22. Fiscal Adjustment and Income Inequality in Brazilian States

Chapter 22. Fiscal Adjustment and Income Inequality in Brazilian States »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction This chapter assesses the links between fiscal policy and income inequality in Brazil for the period 1995–2011 by combining fiscal data with household survey information...

Chapter 9. Fiscal Consolidation and Income Inequality

Chapter 9. Fiscal Consolidation and Income Inequality »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction Fiscal adjustment, by its very nature, affects income inequality. It does so through the direct effect of tax increases and government spending cuts on disposable income...

Chapter 8. Fiscal Consolidation and Inequality in Advanced Economies: How Robust Is the Link?

Chapter 8. Fiscal Consolidation and Inequality in Advanced Economies: How Robust Is the Link? »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

[We need a] fiscal policy that focuses not only on efficiency, but also on equity, particularly on fairness in sharing the burden of adjustment, and on protecting the weak and vulnerable....