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Assessing Countries’ Financial Inclusion Standing - A New Composite Index

Assessing Countries’ Financial Inclusion Standing - A New Composite Index »

Source: Assessing Countries' Financial Inclusion Standing - A New Composite Index

Volume/Issue: 2014/36

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Goran Amidži? , Alexander Massara , and André Mialou

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 February 2014

ISBN: 9781475569681

Keywords: Financial inclusion, access and usage of financial services, factor analysis, index, banking, microfinance, Index Numbers and Aggregation, Methodology for Collecting, Estimating, and Organizing Macroeconomic Data

This paper leverages the IMF's Financial Access Survey (FAS) database to construct a new composite index of financial inclusion. The topic of financial inclusion has gathered significant attention in recent years....

2. Centrality in the Global and Regional Trade Network

2. Centrality in the Global and Regional Trade Network »

Source: Trade Integration and Global Value Chains in Sub-Saharan Africa : In Pursuit of the Missing Link

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Céline Allard , Jorge Canales Kriljenko , Jesus Gonzalez-Garcia , Emmanouil Kitsios , Juan Trevino , and Wenjie Chen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2016

ISBN: 9781498349901

Keywords: Exports, International trade, Production, Sub-Saharan Africa, Time series, Trade integration, Econometric models, Goods, Regional trade, trade

Sub-Saharan Africa’s overall progress in trade integration, however, needs to be put in perspective with developments in global trade over the same period. Global trade took off following the implementation...

Chapter 22. Fiscal Adjustment and Income Inequality in Brazilian States

Chapter 22. Fiscal Adjustment and Income Inequality in Brazilian States »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction This chapter assesses the links between fiscal policy and income inequality in Brazil for the period 1995–2011 by combining fiscal data with household survey information...

Chapter 9. Fiscal Consolidation and Income Inequality

Chapter 9. Fiscal Consolidation and Income Inequality »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction Fiscal adjustment, by its very nature, affects income inequality. It does so through the direct effect of tax increases and government spending cuts on disposable income...

Chapter 8. Fiscal Consolidation and Inequality in Advanced Economies: How Robust Is the Link?

Chapter 8. Fiscal Consolidation and Inequality in Advanced Economies: How Robust Is the Link? »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

[We need a] fiscal policy that focuses not only on efficiency, but also on equity, particularly on fairness in sharing the burden of adjustment, and on protecting the weak and vulnerable....

Chapter 1. Fiscal Policy and Income Inequality: An Overview

Chapter 1. Fiscal Policy and Income Inequality: An Overview »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction Inequality is at the forefront of the economic policy debate in much of the world. This interest comes in the wake of the sizable increases in income disparities that ma...

Chapter 4. Fiscal Redistribution in Developing Countries: Overview of Policy Issues and Options

Chapter 4. Fiscal Redistribution in Developing Countries: Overview of Policy Issues and Options »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction The developing world has experienced sustained economic growth and poverty reduction during the past two decades. Globally, income inequality has also been on a steady d...

Chapter 6. Functional Income Distribution and Its Role in Explaining Inequality

Chapter 6. Functional Income Distribution and Its Role in Explaining Inequality »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction In the years preceding the global economic and financial crisis, analysts and policymakers wondered about diverging trends between aggregate measures of economic perform...

Chapter 6. Government Failure and Poverty Reduction in the CEMAC

Chapter 6. Government Failure and Poverty Reduction in the CEMAC »

Source: Oil Wealth in Central Africa : Policies for Inclusive Growth

Series: Books

Author(s): Bernardin Akitoby , and Sharmini Coorey

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 August 2012

ISBN: 9781616353766

Keywords: fiscal policy, per, public investment, expenditure, fiscal stance

The countries composing the Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa (CEMAC) have some of the lowest social indicators in the world (Table 6.1). Although the Republic of Congo (hereafter “Congo”), E...

Chapter 19. Growing (Un)equal: Fiscal Policy and Income Inequality in China and BRIC+

Chapter 19. Growing (Un)equal: Fiscal Policy and Income Inequality in China and BRIC+ »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction China provides an important case for analyzing the long-term evolution of household income inequality. Since the first wave of economic liberalization in the late 1970s,...