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Appendix 2: Measures Used to Characterize Global Supply Chains

Appendix 2: Measures Used to Characterize Global Supply Chains »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

Various measures can be used to characterize global supply chains. Hummels, Ishii, and Yi (2001) were the first to measure the value of imported contents embodied in a country’s exp...

Appendix 4: New Drivers of Global Trade: Key Stylized Facts

Appendix 4: New Drivers of Global Trade: Key Stylized Facts »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

Changes in export composition by trading partner strongly reflect the emergence of EMEs (Figure A4.1). As a consequence, those countries more strongly exposed to EMEs generally expe...

2. Centrality in the Global and Regional Trade Network

2. Centrality in the Global and Regional Trade Network »

Source: Trade Integration and Global Value Chains in Sub-Saharan Africa : In Pursuit of the Missing Link

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Céline Allard , Jorge Canales Kriljenko , Jesus Gonzalez-Garcia , Emmanouil Kitsios , Juan Trevino , and Wenjie Chen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2016

ISBN: 9781498349901

Keywords: Exports, International trade, Production, Sub-Saharan Africa, Time series, Trade integration, Econometric models, Goods, Regional trade, trade

Sub-Saharan Africa’s overall progress in trade integration, however, needs to be put in perspective with developments in global trade over the same period. Global trade took off following the implementation...

Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Changing Patterns of Global Trade »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

Changing Patterns of Global Trade outlines the factors underlying important shifts in global trade that have occurred in recent decades. The emergence of global supply chains and their increasing role in trade patt...

Chapitre 8. Inclusion financière au Mozambique

Chapitre 8. Inclusion financière au Mozambique »

Source: Mozambique Rising: Building a New Tomorrow

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Doris Ross , Victor Lledo , Alex Segura-Ubiergo , Yuan Xiao , Iyabo Masha , Alun Thomas , and Keiichiro Inui

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 May 2014

Language: French

ISBN: 9781484358245

Keywords: macroeconomic policy; economic growth; megaprojects; inclusive growth; infrastructure development

L’accès au financement reste un problème au Mozambique. D’après l’enquête FinScope 2012, 75 % des micro, petites et moyennes entreprises (MPME) sont exclues financièrement, c’est-à-dire qu’elles n’utilisent...

Chapter 6. Economic Policy Spillovers: Saudi Arabia in the Global Economy1

Chapter 6. Economic Policy Spillovers: Saudi Arabia in the Global Economy1 »

Source: Gulf Cooperation Council Countries (GCC) : Enhancing Economic Outcomes in an Uncertain Global Economy.

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Samya Beidas-Strom , Tobias Rasmussen , and David Robinson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 October 2011

ISBN: 9781484383315

Keywords: fiscal policy, interest, consumption, gdp, debt

Spillovers from Saudi fiscal decisions and a slowdown in emerging Asia are simulated using an augmented three-region version of the IMF’s Global Integrated Monetary and Fiscal model (GIMF). Saud...

Chapter 8. Financial Inclusion in Mozambique

Chapter 8. Financial Inclusion in Mozambique »

Source: Mozambique Rising : Building a New Tomorrow

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Doris Ross , Victor Lledo , Alex Segura-Ubiergo , Yuan Xiao , Iyabo Masha , Alun Thomas , and Keiichiro Inui

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 May 2014

ISBN: 9781475565102

Keywords: Demographic transition, Economic growth, Dutch disease, Agricultural sector, Employment, Economic policy, Job creation, Natural resources, Natural gas, Mozambique

Access to finance remains problematic in Mozambique. According to the FinScope 2012 survey, 75 percent of micro, small, and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs) are financially excluded—that is, they do not use...

Chapter 7. GCC Corporate Vulnerabilities1 Impact of the Global Financial Crisis and Post-Crisis Performance

Chapter 7. GCC Corporate Vulnerabilities1 Impact of the Global Financial Crisis and Post-Crisis Performance »

Source: Gulf Cooperation Council Countries (GCC) : Enhancing Economic Outcomes in an Uncertain Global Economy.

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Samya Beidas-Strom , Tobias Rasmussen , and David Robinson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 October 2011

ISBN: 9781484383315

Keywords: fiscal policy, interest, consumption, gdp, debt

GCC stock markets fell sharply in 2008/09 as spillovers from the global financial crisis—lower oil prices and falling real estate markets—affected the region. While stock markets have yet to rec...

Chapter 3. Global Trade and Relative Prices: A Sectoral Elasticities Approach

Chapter 3. Global Trade and Relative Prices: A Sectoral Elasticities Approach »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

A highly disaggregated sectoral level approach is used to examine the impact of relative price changes on trade flows and structures. The impact of such macroeconomic policies is often analyzed at the level...

CHAPTER 4 How Fast Can Countries Return to a Path of Sustained Growth?

CHAPTER 4 How Fast Can Countries Return to a Path of Sustained Growth? »

Source: Spillover Effects and the East African Community : Explaining the Slowdown and the Recovery

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 2009

ISBN: 9781455245161

Keywords: Economic conditions, Economic growth, Spillovers, gdp growth, world growth, real gdp, commodity prices, domestic demand

Spillover Effects in the Recovery To what extent will a change in the global environment lead to a recovery, and how quickly? The global economy would seem to be on its way to provid...