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The African Continental Free Trade Area: Potential Economic Impact and Challenges

The African Continental Free Trade Area: Potential Economic Impact and Challenges »

Source: The African Continental Free Trade Area: Potential Economic Impact and Challenges

Volume/Issue: 2020/4

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Lisandro Abrego , Mario de Zamaroczy , Tunc Gursoy , Garth Nicholls , Hector Perez-Saiz , and Jose-Nicolas Rosas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 May 2020

ISBN: 9781513542379

Keywords: General equilibrium models, Trade barriers, Structural adjustment, Welfare, Forecasting models, Trade negotiations, Economic integration, Open economies, International trade agreements, Trade finance

Political momentum towards Africa-wide free trade has been intensifying. In March 2018, over 40 countries signed the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) agreement. Once fully implemented, the AfCFTA is exp...

After Paris: Fiscal, Macroeconomic and Financial Implications of Global Climate Change

After Paris: Fiscal, Macroeconomic and Financial Implications of Global Climate Change »

Source: After Paris : Fiscal, Macroeconomic and Financial Implications of Global Climate Change

Volume/Issue: 2016/1

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Mai Farid , Michael Keen , Michael Papaioannou , Ian Parry , Catherine Pattillo , and Anna Ter-Martirosyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 January 2016

ISBN: 9781513506562

Keywords: Financial markets, Fiscal policy, Climate mitigation, climate finance, adaptation, climate, carbon, emissions, climate change, co

This paper discusses the implications of climate change for fiscal, financial, and macroeconomic policies. Most pressing is the use of carbon taxes (or equivalent trading systems) to implement the emissions mitigat...

Catalyst for Change

Catalyst for Change »

Source: Catalyst for Change : Empowering Women and Tackling Income Inequality

Volume/Issue: 2015/20

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Christian Gonzales , Sonali Jain-Chandra , Kalpana Kochhar , Monique Newiak , and Tlek Zeinullayev

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 October 2015

ISBN: 9781513533384

Keywords: Income inequality, Women, Income distribution, Gender, Labor force participation, female labor force participation, gender equity, inequality, gender inequality, labor force

This study shows empirically that gender inequality and income inequality are strongly interlinked, even after controlling for standard drivers of income inequality. The study analyzes gender inequality by using an...

Causes and Consequences of Income Inequality

Causes and Consequences of Income Inequality »

Source: Causes and Consequences of Income Inequality : A Global Perspective

Volume/Issue: 2015/13

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Era Dabla-Norris , Kalpana Kochhar , Nujin Suphaphiphat , Frantisek Ricka , and Evridiki Tsounta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 2015

ISBN: 9781513555188

Keywords: Cross-country analysis, Inequality, Gini coefficient, income, income inequality, middle class, income share, Equity, Justice, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement

This paper analyzes the extent of income inequality from a global perspective, its drivers, and what to do about it. The drivers of inequality vary widely amongst countries, with some common drivers being the skill...

Economic Gains From Gender Inclusion

Economic Gains From Gender Inclusion »

Source: Economic Gains From Gender Inclusion : New Mechanisms, New Evidence

Volume/Issue: 2018/6

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Jonathan Ostry , Jorge Alvarez , Raphael Espinoza , and Chris Papageorgiou

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 October 2018

ISBN: 9781484337127

Keywords: Labor force participation, Gender equality, Employment, Labor supply, Women, Gender Diversity; Female Labor Force Participation; Production Function; Structural Transformation

While progress has been made in increasing female labor force participation (FLFP) in the last 20 years, large gaps remain. The latest Fund research shows that improving gender diversity can result in larger econom...

Finance and Inequality1

Finance and Inequality1 »

Source: Finance and Inequality

Volume/Issue: 2020/1

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Martin Cihak , and Ratna Sahay

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 January 2020

ISBN: 9781513526546

Keywords: Financial crises, Financial systems, Financial services, Macroprudential policies and financial stability, Financial institutions, SDN, inequality, Sahay, high inequality, financial service

The study examines empirical relationships between income inequality and three features of finance: depth (financial sector size relative to the economy), inclusion (access to and use of financial services by indiv...

Financial Inclusion

Financial Inclusion »

Source: Financial Inclusion : Can it Meet Multiple Macroeconomic Goals?

Volume/Issue: 2015/17

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Ratna Sahay , Martin Cihak , Papa N'Diaye , Adolfo Barajas , Srobona Mitra , Annette Kyobe , Yen Mooi , and Reza Yousefi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513585154

Keywords: Financial services, Economic growth, Inclusive growth, Household credit, Business enterprises, Financial sector, Income inequality, Gender, Economic stability, Financial stability

Using several recently available global datasets, this Staff Discussion Note examines macroeconomic effects of financial inclusion. It finds significant benefits to economic growth from financial inclusion, but the...

Global Implications of Lower Oil Prices

Global Implications of Lower Oil Prices »

Source: Global Implications of Lower Oil Prices

Volume/Issue: 2015/15

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Aasim Husain , Rabah Arezki , Peter Breuer , Vikram Haksar , Thomas Helbling , Paulo Medas , and Martin Sommer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 July 2015

ISBN: 9781513532417

Keywords: Oil price, fuel taxes and subsidies, fiscal vulnerabilities, external vulnerabilities, exchange rate regime, oil, prices, price, oil prices, energy

The sharp drop in oil prices is one of the most important global economic developments over the past year. The SDN finds that (i) supply factors have played a somewhat larger role than demand factors in driving the...

A Monitoring Framework for Global Financial Stability

A Monitoring Framework for Global Financial Stability »

Volume/Issue: 2019/6

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Tobias Adrian , Dong He , Nellie Liang , and Fabio Natalucci

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 August 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498300339.006

ISBN: 9781498300339

Keywords: Financial stability, Macroprudential Policy, Financial crises, Real sector, Macroprudential policies and financial stability, Financial institutions, Financial markets, financial conditions, financial condition, Gar

This paper describes the conceptual framework that guides assessments of financial stability risks for multilateral surveillance, as currently presented in the Global Financial Stability Report (GFSR). The framewor...

Women in the Labor Force
			: The Role of Fiscal Policies

Women in the Labor Force : The Role of Fiscal Policies »

Volume/Issue: 2020/3

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Anna Fruttero , Daniel Gurara , Lisa Kolovich , Vivian Malta , Marina Mendes Tavares , Nino Tchelishvili , and Stefania Fabrizio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 February 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513529134.006

ISBN: 9781513529134

Keywords: Gender, Labor force policy, Gender equality, Fiscal policy, Labor productivity, Poverty, Poverty and inequality, General equilibrium models, Labor force participation, Labor market policy

Despite the increase in female labor force participation over the past three decades, women still do not have the same opportunities as men to participate in economic activities in most countries. The average femal...