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Alleviating Poverty under Structural Adjustment: Proper policies can improve the welfare of the poor over the long run

Alleviating Poverty under Structural Adjustment: Proper policies can improve the welfare of the poor over the long run »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1987

Volume/Issue: 24/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1987

ISBN: 9781616353711

Keywords: importing country, exporters, export restraints, exporting country, voluntary export restraints

This paper discusses the structural adjustment in low-income countries. In the first 20 months of its operations, the IMF's structural adjustment facility (SAF) has provided concessional financial assistance to sup...

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1988

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1988 »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1988

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451944716.011

ISBN: 9781451944716

Keywords: balance of payments, repurchases, current account, general resources account, exporting countries

The Annual Report to the Board of Governors reviews the IMF's activities and policies during any given year. There are five chapters: (1) Overview, (2) Developments in the Global Economy and Financial Markets, (3)...

Did Export Diversification Soften the Impact of the Global Financial Crisis?

Did Export Diversification Soften the Impact of the Global Financial Crisis? »

Source: Did Export Diversification Soften the Impact of the Global Financial Crisis?

Volume/Issue: 2011/99

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rafael Romeu , and Nelson Costa Neto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2011

ISBN: 9781455254309

Keywords: global financial crisis, HS classification, empirical, exporter, export diversification, trading partner, bilateral trade, trading partners, Studies of Particular Policy Episodes, International Finance: General,

This study considers the role of export diversification in determining trade outcomes during the global financial crisis. The impact of export diversification (or concentration) is measured by assessing three diffe...

The Differential Effects of Oil Demand and Supply Shocks on the Global Economy*

The Differential Effects of Oil Demand and Supply Shocks on the Global Economy* »

Source: The Differential Effects of Oil Demand and Supply Shocks on the Global Economy

Volume/Issue: 2012/253

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paul Cashin , Kamiar Mohaddes , Mehdi Raissi , and Maziar Raissi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 October 2012

ISBN: 9781475597158

Keywords: Global VAR (GVAR), global macroeconomic modeling, impulse responses, international business cycle, oil-demand and oil-supply shocks, oil exporters, exporters, oil prices, exporting countries, Time-Series Models

We employ a set of sign restrictions on the generalized impulse responses of a Global VAR model, estimated for 38 countries/regions over the period 1979Q2-2011Q2, to discriminate between supply-driven and demand-dr...

Export Spillovers from Global Shocks for the Middle East and Central Asia

Export Spillovers from Global Shocks for the Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: Export Spillovers from Global Shocks for the Middle East and Central Asia

Volume/Issue: 2014/80

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alberto Behar , and Jaime Espinosa-Bowen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 May 2014

ISBN: 9781484380796

Keywords: Gravity model, Caucasus, oil exports, oil exporters, exporters, services exports, exporter, Trade Forecasting and Simulation, International Business Cycles,

This paper quantifies the effect of realized and potential global growth disappointments on export volumes from the Middle East, North Africa, the Caucasus, and Central Asia. Estimates of export elasticities with r...

Factor Immobility and Regional Impacts of Trade Liberalization Evidenceon Poverty From India

Factor Immobility and Regional Impacts of Trade Liberalization Evidenceon Poverty From India »

Source: Factor Immobility and Regional Impacts of Trade Liberalization Evidenceon Poverty From India

Volume/Issue: 2010/218

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Petia Topalova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2010

ISBN: 9781455208838

Keywords: Tariff, tariff cuts, trade protection, trade reforms, Measurement and Analysis of Poverty, Economic Development: Regional, Urban, and Rural Analyses,

This paper uses the 1991 Indian trade liberalization to measure the impact of trade liberalization on poverty, and to examine the mechanisms underpinning this impact. Variation in sectoral composition across distri...

Global Imbalances and Petrodollars

Global Imbalances and Petrodollars »

Source: Global Imbalances and Petrodollars

Volume/Issue: 2009/89

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Fuad Hasanov , and Rabah Arezki

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2009

ISBN: 9781451872361

Keywords: Oil exporters, exporters, exporting countries, oil-exporting countries, terms of trade,

Oil exporters have run large current account surpluses. We explore oil exporters' role in our understanding and the resolution of global imbalances. Current account dynamics are estimated for oil-exporting countrie...

The Global Impact of the Systemic Economies and MENA Business Cycles*

The Global Impact of the Systemic Economies and MENA Business Cycles* »

Source: The Global Impact of the Systemic Economies and MENA Business Cycles

Volume/Issue: 2012/255

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paul Cashin , Kamiar Mohaddes , and Mehdi Raissi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 October 2012

ISBN: 9781475581645

Keywords: Global VAR (GVAR), global macroeconomic modeling, impulse responses, macroeconomic shocks, international business cycle, oil exporters, exporters, oil prices, oil exports, reer

This paper analyzes spillovers from macroeconomic shocks in systemic economies (China, the Euro Area, and the United States) to the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region as well as outward spillovers from a GD...

Global Rebalancing

Global Rebalancing »

Source: Global Rebalancing : Implications for Low-Income Countries

Volume/Issue: 2011/239

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yongzheng Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2011

ISBN: 9781463922610

Keywords: Global Rebalancing, low-income countries, terms of trade, commodity exporters, manufactured exports, exporters, export expansion, Macroeconomic Aspects Of International Trade And Finance, Economywide Country Studies,

While global rebalancing will mainly involve structural realignment among major advanced and emerging market economies, it could have significant impact on low-income countries (LICs). Simulations using a global ge...

Did Export Diversification Soften the Impact of the Global Financial Crisis?

Did Export Diversification Soften the Impact of the Global Financial Crisis? »

Volume/Issue: 2011/99

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rafael Romeu , and Nelson Costa Neto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455254309.001

ISBN: 9781455254309

Keywords: global financial crisis, HS classification, empirical, exporter, export diversification, trading partner, bilateral trade, trading partners, Studies of Particular Policy Episodes, International Finance: General,

This study considers the role of export diversification in determining trade outcomes during the global financial crisis. The impact of export diversification (or concentration) is measured by assessing three diffe...