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The Future of China's Bond Market

This book analyzes segments of China's bond market, from sovereign, policy bank, and credit bonds, to the rapidly growing local government bond market.

The Future of China's Bond Market

This book analyzes segments of China's bond market, from sovereign, policy bank, and credit bonds, to the rapidly growing local government bond market.

Debt Build-up in Frontier Low-Income Developing Countries (LIDCs) since 2012: Global or Country-specific Factors and Way Forward?

Debt Build-up in Frontier Low-Income Developing Countries (LIDCs) since 2012: Global or Country-specific Factors and Way Forward? »

Source: Debt Build-up in Frontier Low-Income Developing Countries (LIDCs) since 2012: Global or Country-specific Factors and Way Forward?

Volume/Issue: 2019/37

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Constance de Soyres , Anna Rogantini Picco , and Randa Sab

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 February 2019

ISBN: 9781484396247

Keywords: Domestic debt, Real interest rates, Economic growth, Heavily indebted poor countries, Interest rate increases, Debt build-up;Frontier LIDCs;global and country-specific factors;debt-to-GDP ratio;debt-to-GDP;country-specific;federal fund rate;fund rate

This paper focuses on the debt build-up that frontier low-income developing countries (LIDCs) have faced since 2012. First, it documents a 20-percentage point increase in the external and government debt-to-GDP ra...

In the Wake of the Global Economic Crisis
			: Adjusting to Lower Revenue of the Southern African Customs Union in Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, and Swaziland

In the Wake of the Global Economic Crisis : Adjusting to Lower Revenue of the Southern African Customs Union in Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, and Swaziland »

Volume: 11

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Thomson Fontaine , Dalmacio Benicio , Joannes Mongardini , Genevieve Verdier , and Gonzalo Pastor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462343492.087

ISBN: 9781462343492

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal adjustment, spending cuts, government spending, tax increases

The Southern African Customs Union (SACU) is facing its biggest challenge in its 100 years of existence. The global economic crisis has significantly reduced its revenue outlook, which is having a disproportionate...

Destabilizing the Global Monetary System: Germany's Adoption of the Gold Standard in the Early 1870s

Destabilizing the Global Monetary System: Germany's Adoption of the Gold Standard in the Early 1870s »

Source: Destabilizing the Global Monetary System: Germany's Adoption of the Gold Standard in the Early 1870s

Volume/Issue: 2019/32

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Johannes Wiegand

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 2019

ISBN: 9781484394724

Keywords: Currency reform, Fixed exchange rates, Exchange rate regimes, Currency question, Gold, Bimetallism;Gold Standard;France;Germany;Flandreau;specie;silver specie;gold currency

In 1871-73, newly unified Germany adopted the gold standard, replacing the silver-based currencies that had been prevalent in most German states until then. The reform sparked a series of steps in other countries t...

III Key Features I and 2: Broad Ownership and Participation and Embedding the PRGF in the Overall Strategy for Growth and Poverty Reduction

III Key Features I and 2: Broad Ownership and Participation and Embedding the PRGF in the Overall Strategy for Growth and Poverty Reduction »

Source: Is the PRGF Living Up to Expectations?

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Gabriela Inchauste , Nita Thacker , Thomas Dorsey , Shamsuddin Tareq , Emanuele Baldacci , Sanjeev Gupta , and Mark Plant

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589061125

Keywords: conditionality, pem, poverty reduction, structural conditionality, public spending

The interrelated key features 1 and 2 set out several aspects of the expected relationship between the PRGF-supported program and the PRSP. Specifically. PRGF-supported programs should be consistent with, an...

Bosnia and Herzegovina
			: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper-Mid-Term Development Strategy

Bosnia and Herzegovina : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper-Mid-Term Development Strategy »

Volume/Issue: 2004/114

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 April 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451804874.002

ISBN: 9781451804874

Keywords: debt, revenues, budget, interest, public administration

Poverty risk is most marked for children, displaced persons and returnees, unemployed, and people with low education. Basic goals of the macroeconomic framework of the mid-term development strategy of Bosnia and He...

Georgia
			: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Progress Report

Georgia : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Progress Report »

Volume/Issue: 2006/360

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 October 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451814620.002

ISBN: 9781451814620

Keywords: law, customs, customs tariffs, customs code, water supply

This report is based on the progress of the Economic Development and Poverty Reduction Program (EDPRP) in Georgia. It highlights the status of measures intended for rapid and sustainable economic development in the...

Republic of Moldova
			: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper-Progress Report

Republic of Moldova : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper-Progress Report »

Volume/Issue: 2011/94

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 April 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455249251.002

ISBN: 9781455249251

Keywords: budget, public administration, financial resources, public authorities, beneficiaries, Moldova, Republic of,

The progress made by Moldova toward achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) has not been uniform since 2007. Domestic economic and political crises are likely to undermine the achievement of several MDG t...

Debt Build-up in Frontier Low-Income Developing Countries (LIDCs) since 2012: Global or Country-specific Factors and Way Forward?

Debt Build-up in Frontier Low-Income Developing Countries (LIDCs) since 2012: Global or Country-specific Factors and Way Forward? »

Volume/Issue: 2019/37

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Constance de Soyres , Anna Rogantini Picco , and Randa Sab

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 February 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484396247.001

ISBN: 9781484396247

Keywords: Domestic debt, Real interest rates, Economic growth, Heavily indebted poor countries, Interest rate increases, Debt build-up;Frontier LIDCs;global and country-specific factors;debt-to-GDP ratio;debt-to-GDP;country-specific;federal fund rate;fund rate

This paper focuses on the debt build-up that frontier low-income developing countries (LIDCs) have faced since 2012. First, it documents a 20-percentage point increase in the external and government debt-to-GDP ra...

Destabilizing the Global Monetary System: Germany's Adoption of the Gold Standard in the Early 1870s

Destabilizing the Global Monetary System: Germany's Adoption of the Gold Standard in the Early 1870s »

Volume/Issue: 2019/32

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Johannes Wiegand

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484394724.001

ISBN: 9781484394724

Keywords: Currency reform, Fixed exchange rates, Exchange rate regimes, Currency question, Gold, Bimetallism;Gold Standard;France;Germany;Flandreau;specie;silver specie;gold currency

In 1871-73, newly unified Germany adopted the gold standard, replacing the silver-based currencies that had been prevalent in most German states until then. The reform sparked a series of steps in other countries t...

Inequality of Opportunity, Inequality of Income and Economic Growth

Inequality of Opportunity, Inequality of Income and Economic Growth »

Volume/Issue: 2019/34

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shekhar Aiyar , and Christian Ebeke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484396988.001

ISBN: 9781484396988

Keywords: Income inequality, Economic growth, Income distribution, Income shocks, Human capital, Intergenerational Mobility;Growth;Gini;inequality;elasticity;unequal access;Brueckner

We posit that the relationship between income inequality and economic growth is mediated by the level of equality of opportunity, which we identify with intergenerational mobility. In economies characterized by int...