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Central America
			: Global Integration and Regional Cooperation

Central America : Global Integration and Regional Cooperation »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Markus Rodlauer , and Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 July 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064461.084

ISBN: 9781589064461

Keywords: Tax administration, Statistics, exchange rate, exchange rate regimes, exchange rate regime, free trade, trade diversion

Central America has received growing attention as a region that is integrating successfully into the global economy. This paper examines-among other things-the macroeconomic and fiscal implications of the Free Trad...

Central America, Panama, and the Dominican Republic
			: Challenges Following the 2008-09 Global Crisis:  Challenges Following the 2008-09 Global Crisis

Central America, Panama, and the Dominican Republic : Challenges Following the 2008-09 Global Crisis: Challenges Following the 2008-09 Global Crisis »

Series: Books

Author(s): Marco Pinon , Alejandro Lopez Mejia , M. (Mario) Garza , and Fernando Delgado

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 July 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616353780.071

ISBN: 9781616353780

Keywords: debt, inflation, monetary policy, interest, central bank

Central America, Panama, and the Dominican Republic coped well with the global financial crisis of 2008-09. The impact was generally less severe and shorter lived than in previous episodes, the balance of payments...

Chapter 2: The 2008–09 Global Crisis: Impact, Policy Responses, and the Role of the IMF

Chapter 2: The 2008–09 Global Crisis: Impact, Policy Responses, and the Role of the IMF »

Source: Central America, Panama, and the Dominican Republic : Challenges Following the 2008-09 Global Crisis: Challenges Following the 2008-09 Global Crisis

Series: Books

Author(s): Marco Pinon , Alejandro Lopez Mejia , M. (Mario) Garza , and Fernando Delgado

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 July 2012

ISBN: 9781616353780

Keywords: debt, inflation, monetary policy, interest, central bank

The economies of Central America, Panama, and the Dominican Republic (CAPDR) 1 have become increasingly integrated with the rest of the world since...

Development and Income Distribution: Economic growth has been accompanied by increasing inequality in many developing countries. But a strategy of “nibbling” at the problems of income distribution through financial and technical assistance seems promising.

Development and Income Distribution: Economic growth has been accompanied by increasing inequality in many developing countries. But a strategy of “nibbling” at the problems of income distribution through financial and technical assistance seems promising. »

Source: Finance & Development, September 1973

Volume/Issue: 10/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1973

ISBN: 9781616353131

Keywords: income distribution, per capita income, income groups, distribution of income

This paper focuses on the subject of development and income distribution, and suggests a method whereby economic development can be skewed in favor of the poor. The paper underscores that improvements in the distri...

Does Financial Globalization Induce Better Macroeconomic Policies?

Does Financial Globalization Induce Better Macroeconomic Policies? »

Source: Does Financial Globalization Induce Better Macroeconomic Policies?

Volume/Issue: 2004/84

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shang-Jin Wei , and Irina Tytell

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2004

ISBN: 9781451850673

Keywords: Discipline effect, mood swings, deficit, financial globalization, foreign assets, and deficit,

Monetary and fiscal policies around the world are in better shape today than two decades ago. This paper studies whether financial globalization has helped induce governments to pursue better macroeconomic policies...

Does Foreign Aid Reduce Poverty? Empirical Evidence from Nongovernmental and Bilateral Aid

Does Foreign Aid Reduce Poverty? Empirical Evidence from Nongovernmental and Bilateral Aid »

Source: Does Foreign Aid Reduce Poverty? Empirical Evidence from Nongovernmental and Bilateral Aid

Volume/Issue: 2005/100

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Boriana Yontcheva , and Nadia Masud

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2005

ISBN: 9781451861198

Keywords: Official Development Aid, NGOs, Panel Data Econometrics, infant mortality, mortality rates, aid effectiveness,

This paper assesses the effectiveness of foreign aid in reducing poverty through its impact on human development indicators. We use a dataset of both bilateral aid and NGO aid flows. Our results show that NGO aid r...

Expenditure Issues and Governance in Central America

Expenditure Issues and Governance in Central America »

Source: Expenditure Issues and Governance in Central America

Volume/Issue: 2002/187

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ana Corbacho , and Hamid Davoodi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2002

ISBN: 9781451859522

Keywords: Expenditure issues, inequality, social safety nets, Central America, public spending, primary education, health care, health spending, educational attainment, Health

This paper analyzes Central America's track record on inequality, poverty, and quality of fiscal adjustment in relation to economic growth; health and education outcomes; adequacy of social safety nets; and governa...

Financial Inclusion

Financial Inclusion »

Source: Financial Inclusion : Zooming in on Latin America

Volume/Issue: 2015/206

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Era Dabla-Norris , Yixi Deng , Anna Ivanova , Izabela Karpowicz , Filiz Unsal , Eva VanLeemput , and Joyce Wong

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513568928

Keywords: Financial inclusion, Growth, Inequality, finance, household, households, bank, Equity, Justice, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement

Countries in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) have made important strides in promoting financial inclusion of firms and households. However, while the region is broadly at par with its peers on financial inclu...

Global Rebalancing with Gravity: Measuring the Burden of Adjustment

Global Rebalancing with Gravity: Measuring the Burden of Adjustment »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 55, No. 3

Volume: 55

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 August 2008

ISBN: 9781589067240

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rate regimes, monetary fund, foreign exchange, inflation

This special issue on exchange rates is drawn from the Eighth Jacques Polak Annual Research Conference held at the International Monetary Fund in Washington in November 2007. The Mundell-Fleming Lecture by Stanley...

II The Setting for Adjustment: Initial Positions and Global Environment

II The Setting for Adjustment: Initial Positions and Global Environment »

Source: IMF Conditionality : Experience Under Stand-by and Extended Arrangements, Part I: Key Issues and Findings

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Louis Dicks-Mireaux , Miguel Savastano , Adam Bennett , María Carkovic S. , Mauro Mecagni , James John , and Susan Schadler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557754929

Keywords: inflation, terms of trade, capital inflows, exchange rate, real interest rates

Almost without exception, the initial positions of the countries under review were dire. Most were suffering the effects of long-standing institutional and structural weaknesses, fiscal excesses, and deficie...