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APPENDIX I Incidence Analyses and Income Redistribution

APPENDIX I Incidence Analyses and Income Redistribution »

Source: Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

Most studies of the income distributional effects of public policy fall within the category of “incidence analyses” of taxation and expenditure. They either analyze the effects of particular measures or, if...

An Assessment of Malaysian Monetary Policy During the Global Financial Crisis of 2008-09

An Assessment of Malaysian Monetary Policy During the Global Financial Crisis of 2008-09 »

Source: An Assessment of Malaysian Monetary Policy During the Global Financial Crisis of 2008-09

Volume/Issue: 2012/35

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Selim Elekdag , Subir Lall , and Harun Alp

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

ISBN: 9781463933203

Keywords: financial accelerator, Bayesian estimation, DSGE model, exchange rate, exchange rate regime, exchange rate flexibility, fixed exchange rate regime, Bayesian Analysis, And The Supply Of Money And Credit,

Malaysia was hit hard by the global financial crisis of 2008-09. Anticipating the downturn that would follow the episode of extreme financial turbulence, Bank Negara Malaysia (BNM) let the exchange rate depreciate...

The Big Split: Why Did Output Trajectories in the ASEAN-4 Diverge after the Global Financial Crisis?

The Big Split: Why Did Output Trajectories in the ASEAN-4 Diverge after the Global Financial Crisis? »

Source: The Big Split : Why Did Output Trajectories in the ASEAN-4 Diverge after the Global Financial Crisis?

Volume/Issue: 2013/222

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Agnes Isnawangsih , Vladimir Klyuev , and Longmei Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 October 2013

ISBN: 9781475588774

Keywords: Global Financial Crisis, ASEAN, Countercyclical Policies, trading partner, domestic demand, trading partners, trade openness, General, International Business Cycles, Countercyclical Policies.,

The global financial crisis originated in advanced economies, but had a major impact on emerging markets. The impact, however, was not uniform. Even in a relatively homogenous group of countries such as ASEAN-4 (In...

Can Islamic Banking Increase Financial Inclusion?*

Can Islamic Banking Increase Financial Inclusion?* »

Source: Can Islamic Banking Increase Financial Inclusion?

Volume/Issue: 2015/31

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sami Ben Naceur , Adolfo Barajas , and Alexander Massara

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 February 2015

ISBN: 9781498370813

Keywords: financial inclusion, Financial Possibility Frontier, bank, banking, banks, credit, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments, and Effects)

The paper analyses existing country-level information on the relationship between the development of Islamic banking and financial inclusion. In Muslim countries-members of the Organization for Islamic Cooperation...

Combating Poverty: Experience and Prospects

Combating Poverty: Experience and Prospects »

Source: Finance & Development, September 1990

Volume/Issue: 27/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1990

ISBN: 9781451952063

Keywords: social services, social conditions, social sectors, reducing poverty, human resource development

Providing economic opportunities for the poor and building up their capacity to take advantage of those opportunities can help reduce poverty and ensure sustainable growth...

The Distributional Bias of Public Education

The Distributional Bias of Public Education »

Source: The Distributional Bias of Public Education : Causes and Consequences

Volume/Issue: 2004/214

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mark Gradstein , and Era Dabla-Norris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2004

ISBN: 9781451875027

Keywords: Public education, incidence bias, inequality, education spending, income inequality, private education, Publicly Provided Private Goods, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

While public education is often intended to be progressive in its effects on income distribution, in reality its incidence is often skewed toward the rich. This paper argues that the extent of this bias is directly...

Foreign Aid and Poverty Reduction

Foreign Aid and Poverty Reduction »

Source: Finance & Development, September 1990

Volume/Issue: 27/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1990

ISBN: 9781451952063

Keywords: social services, social conditions, social sectors, reducing poverty, human resource development

Providing economic opportunities for the poor and building up their capacity to take advantage of those opportunities can help reduce poverty and ensure sustainable growth...

The Global Environment Facility

The Global Environment Facility »

Source: Finance & Development, March 1991

Volume/Issue: 28/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1991

ISBN: 9781451953046

Keywords: exchange rate, monetary policy, exchange rates, monetary authorities, exchange rate regime

European Community member states now face critical decisions on the design and implementation of monetary policy...

Globalization of Financial Markets and Implications for Pacific Basin Developing Countries*

Globalization of Financial Markets and Implications for Pacific Basin Developing Countries* »

Source: Globalization of Financial Markets and Implications for Pacific Basin Developing Countries

Volume/Issue: 1991/34

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Goldsbrough , and Ranjit Teja

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1991

ISBN: 9781451978780

Keywords: capital mobility, financial intermediation, financial markets, capital flows

This paper analyzes the consequences of the growing interdependence of world financial markets for Pacific developing countries. Section I discusses trends in financial integration in the Pacific and the underlying...

Identifying Constraints to Financial Inclusion and Their Impact on GDP and Inequality

Identifying Constraints to Financial Inclusion and Their Impact on GDP and Inequality »

Source: Identifying Constraints to Financial Inclusion and Their Impact on GDP and Inequality : A Structural Framework for Policy

Volume/Issue: 2015/22

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Era Dabla-Norris , Yan Ji , Robert Townsend , and Filiz Unsal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 January 2015

ISBN: 9781498381598

Keywords: Financial inclusion, inequality, hetergenous agents, income, credit, gdp, wealth, equilibrium, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Other

We develop a micro-founded general equilibrium model with heterogeneous agents to identify pertinent constraints to financial inclusion. We evaluate quantitatively the policy impacts of relaxing each of these const...