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Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

This appendix describes the data sources and methodologies used for the estimation of subsidies for petroleum products, coal, natural gas, and electricity. Pretax Subsidies...

17 Foreign Aid and Consumption Smoothing: Evidence from Global Food Aid

17 Foreign Aid and Consumption Smoothing: Evidence from Global Food Aid »

Source: Helping Countries Develop : The Role of Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Sanjeev Gupta , and Gabriela Inchauste

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2004

ISBN: 9781589063181

Keywords: food aid, expenditure, fiscal policy, public spending, per

1. Introduction The debate on aid effectiveness has largely focused on the impact of aggregate “development assistance” on economic growth or economic development more broadly (Easte...

17 Monetary Policy in Low-Income Countries in the Face of the Global Crisis: A Structural Analysis

17 Monetary Policy in Low-Income Countries in the Face of the Global Crisis: A Structural Analysis »

Source: Monetary Policy in Sub-Saharan Africa

Series: Books

Author(s): Andrew Berg , and Rafael Portillo

Publisher: Oxford University Press

Publication Date: 27 April 2018

ISBN: 9780198785811

Keywords: Monetary policy, Sub-Saharan Africa

1 Introduction Understanding the impact of the global financial crisis in low-income countries (LICs) is an important task for national authorities and international organizations....