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Alleviating Poverty under Structural Adjustment: Proper policies can improve the welfare of the poor over the long run

Alleviating Poverty under Structural Adjustment: Proper policies can improve the welfare of the poor over the long run »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1987

Volume/Issue: 24/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1987

ISBN: 9781616353711

Keywords: importing country, exporters, export restraints, exporting country, voluntary export restraints

This paper discusses the structural adjustment in low-income countries. In the first 20 months of its operations, the IMF's structural adjustment facility (SAF) has provided concessional financial assistance to sup...

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1988

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1988 »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1988

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451944716.011

ISBN: 9781451944716

Keywords: balance of payments, repurchases, current account, general resources account, exporting countries

The Annual Report to the Board of Governors reviews the IMF's activities and policies during any given year. There are five chapters: (1) Overview, (2) Developments in the Global Economy and Financial Markets, (3)...

Appendix 2: Measures Used to Characterize Global Supply Chains

Appendix 2: Measures Used to Characterize Global Supply Chains »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

Various measures can be used to characterize global supply chains. Hummels, Ishii, and Yi (2001) were the first to measure the value of imported contents embodied in a country’s exp...

Appendix 4: New Drivers of Global Trade: Key Stylized Facts

Appendix 4: New Drivers of Global Trade: Key Stylized Facts »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

Changes in export composition by trading partner strongly reflect the emergence of EMEs (Figure A4.1). As a consequence, those countries more strongly exposed to EMEs generally expe...

Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Changing Patterns of Global Trade »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

Changing Patterns of Global Trade outlines the factors underlying important shifts in global trade that have occurred in recent decades. The emergence of global supply chains and their increasing role in trade patt...

Chapter 1 Global Prospects and Policies

Chapter 1 Global Prospects and Policies »

Source: World Economic Outlook, April 2012 : Growth Resuming, Dangers Remain

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 April 2012

ISBN: 9781616352462

Keywords: debt, exporters, commodity exporters, household debt

Recent Developments After suffering a major setback during 2011, global prospects are gradually strengthening again, but downside risks remain elevated. Through the third quarter, gr...

Chapter 3. Global Trade and Relative Prices: A Sectoral Elasticities Approach

Chapter 3. Global Trade and Relative Prices: A Sectoral Elasticities Approach »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

A highly disaggregated sectoral level approach is used to examine the impact of relative price changes on trade flows and structures. The impact of such macroeconomic policies is often analyzed at the level...

Chapter II Oil Prices and Global Imbalances

Chapter II Oil Prices and Global Imbalances »

Source: World Economic Outlook, April 2006 : Globalization and Inflation

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589065499

Keywords: inflation, debt, interest, oil prices, debtor countries

Two developments have dominated the international economic landscape over the past several years. First, large global external imbalances have persisted, including a large current account deficit in the Unit...

Chapter III How Has Globalization Affected Inflation?

Chapter III How Has Globalization Affected Inflation? »

Source: World Economic Outlook, April 2006 : Globalization and Inflation

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589065499

Keywords: inflation, debt, interest, oil prices, debtor countries

Inflation in advanced and many emerging market economies has remained remarkably subdued over the past two years despite a significant rise in commodity prices, strong growth, and a broadly accommodating mon...

Chapter 2. The Evolving Structure of Global Trade

Chapter 2. The Evolving Structure of Global Trade »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

A. The Diffusion of Key Players in Global Trade Emerging market economies have moved from peripheral players to major centers of global trade. Figure 2 shows the evolution of key pla...