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Brazil

Boom, Bust, and Road to Recovery

Brazil is at crossroads, emerging slowly from a historic recession that was preceded by a huge economic boom.

APPENDIX I Incidence Analyses and Income Redistribution

APPENDIX I Incidence Analyses and Income Redistribution »

Source: Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

Most studies of the income distributional effects of public policy fall within the category of “incidence analyses” of taxation and expenditure. They either analyze the effects of particular measures or, if...

Bedfellows, Hostages, or Perfect Strangers? Global Capital Markets and the Catalytic Effect of IMF Crisis Lending

Bedfellows, Hostages, or Perfect Strangers? Global Capital Markets and the Catalytic Effect of IMF Crisis Lending »

Source: Bedfellows, Hostages, or Perfect Strangers? Global Capital Markets and the Catalytic Effect of IMF Crisis Lending

Volume/Issue: 2002/193

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Curzio Giannini , and Carlo Cottarelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2002

ISBN: 9781451859829

Keywords: Capital Account Crises Contents, capital inflows, private capital inflows, private capital, current account, capital outflow, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions, International Lending and Debt Problems, Economic History: Financial Markets and Institutions: General, International

During the 1990s, the concept of "catalytic official finance" (COF) gained prominence in policy debates. The concept revolves around the idea that the propensity of investors to lend to a country increases when the...

Block I. Global Imbalances, Exchange Rate Issues, and Debt

Block I. Global Imbalances, Exchange Rate Issues, and Debt »

Source: Dollars, Debt, and Deficits : Sixty Years After Bretton Woods

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064539

Keywords: Deficit financing, Budget deficits, exchange rate, public debt, foreign assets, current account, foreign liabilities

...

Can Foreign Exchange Intervention Stem Exchange Rate Pressures from Global Capital Flow Shocks?

Can Foreign Exchange Intervention Stem Exchange Rate Pressures from Global Capital Flow Shocks? »

Source: Can Foreign Exchange Intervention Stem Exchange Rate Pressures from Global Capital Flow Shocks?

Volume/Issue: 2015/159

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Olivier Blanchard , Gustavo Adler , and Irineu de Carvalho Filho

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 July 2015

ISBN: 9781513585840

Keywords: exchange rate, gross capital flows, exchange, market, General,

Many emerging market economies have relied on foreign exchange intervention (FXI) in response to gross capital inflows. In this paper, we study whether FXI has been an effective tool to dampen the effects of these...

Capítulo 9. Shocks financieros globales y flujos brutos de capital en América Latina

Capítulo 9. Shocks financieros globales y flujos brutos de capital en América Latina »

Source: América Latina : Nuevos desafíos para el crecimiento y la estabilidad

Series: Books

Author(s): Dora Iakova , Luis Cubeddu , Gustavo Adler , and Sebastian Sosa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 May 2015

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781484318294

Keywords: Economic growth, Macroprudential policies and financial stability, Latin America, Commodity trade, términos de intercambio, exportadores de materias primas, América Latina crecimiento, crecimiento económico, políticas macroprudenciales y estabilidad financiera, América Latina

En la última década, los mercados financieros internacionales han originado shocks de gran envergadura, que tuvieron amplias repercusiones en las economías de mercados emergentes (EME). La crisis desencadena...

Chapter 2. Benefits of More Global and Regional Financial Integration in Latin America

Chapter 2. Benefits of More Global and Regional Financial Integration in Latin America »

Source: Financial Integration in Latin America : A New Strategy for a New Normal

Series: Books

Author(s): Charles Enoch , Wouter Bossu , Carlos Caceres , and Diva Singh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2017

ISBN: 9781513520247

Keywords: Cross-border banking, Financial integration, Latin American regional banking, commodity supercycle, fragmentation, international banking system, growth, policymaking, Latin America, regional financial integration

After a period of endemic economic and financial crises during the 1980s to 1990s, many Latin American countries opened up their previously closed economies to international financial institutions at the tur...

Chapter 9. Global Financial Shocks and Gross Capital Flows in Latin America

Chapter 9. Global Financial Shocks and Gross Capital Flows in Latin America »

Source: Latin America : New Challenges to Growth and Stability

Series: Books

Author(s): Dora Iakova , Luis Cubeddu , Gustavo Adler , and Sebastian Sosa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 December 2014

ISBN: 9781498328166

Keywords: debt, commodity, fiscal policy, interest, growth

Global financial markets have been a source of sizable shocks over the past decade, with broad repercussions across emerging markets. Stark examples are the crisis triggered by the...

Chapter 4. Implications of Global Financial Integration for Monetary Policy in Latin America

Chapter 4. Implications of Global Financial Integration for Monetary Policy in Latin America »

Source: Challenges for Central Banking : Perspectives from Latin America

Series: Books

Author(s): Luis I. Jacome H. , Yan Carriere-Swallow , Hamid Faruqee , and Krishna Srinivasan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2016

ISBN: 9781513591766

Keywords: central banking, Latin America, monetary independence, economic integration, term premium, monetary policy, forward guidance, macroprudential policies, monetary frameworks, reserve requirements

Financial asset markets around the world have grown increasingly interconnected, and many economies in Latin America have been no exception. This chapter assesses two aspects of monetary policy in the region...

Chapter 8 Inequality in Brazil: A Closer Look at the Evolution in States

Chapter 8 Inequality in Brazil: A Closer Look at the Evolution in States »

Source: Brazil : Boom, Bust, and Road to Recovery

Series: Books

Author(s): Antonio Spilimbergo , and Krishna Srinivasan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 March 2019

ISBN: 9781484339749

Keywords: Brazil, Corruption, Economic conditions, Economic recession, Economic recovery, Trade, economic history

Using a novel methodology that allows households’ incomes to be adjusted for price-level differences across states, this chapter analyzes the evolution of income inequality in Brazi...

Chapter 9 Poverty and Inequality in Brazil and Latin America

Chapter 9 Poverty and Inequality in Brazil and Latin America »

Source: Brazil : Boom, Bust, and Road to Recovery

Series: Books

Author(s): Antonio Spilimbergo , and Krishna Srinivasan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 March 2019

ISBN: 9781484339749

Keywords: Brazil, Corruption, Economic conditions, Economic recession, Economic recovery, Trade, economic history

Brazil, and Latin America more broadly, have made impressive progress in reducing inequality and poverty since the turn of the century, although they remain highly u...