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Central America
			: Global Integration and Regional Cooperation

Central America : Global Integration and Regional Cooperation »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Markus Rodlauer , and Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 July 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064461.084

ISBN: 9781589064461

Keywords: Tax administration, Statistics, exchange rate, exchange rate regimes, exchange rate regime, free trade, trade diversion

Central America has received growing attention as a region that is integrating successfully into the global economy. This paper examines-among other things-the macroeconomic and fiscal implications of the Free Trad...

Consumption and Income Inequality During the Transition to a Market Economy: Poland, 1985–1992

Consumption and Income Inequality During the Transition to a Market Economy: Poland, 1985–1992 »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 47, Special Issue, IMF Annual Research Conference,

Volume: 47

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): Robert Flood , and Eduardo Borensztein

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 November 2001

ISBN: 9781451963090

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, real exchange rates, real exchange rate, balance of payments

This paper presents a broad overview of postwar analytical thinking on international macroeconomics, culminating in a more detailed discussion of recent progress. The paper reviews important empirical evidence that...

Debt Dynamics and Global Imbalances

Debt Dynamics and Global Imbalances »

Source: Debt Dynamics and Global Imbalances : Some Conventional Views Reconsidered

Volume/Issue: 2007/4

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Guy Meredith

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2007

ISBN: 9781451865684

Keywords: Debt Dynamics, International Adjustment, exchange rate, current account, real exchange rate, external debt, current account deficit, Forecasting and Other Model Applications, Consumer Economics: Theory, Macroeconomics: Consumption

We use a general-equilibrium model to explain the rise in global trade and payments imbalances since the mid-1990s, and then to construct adjustment paths to a steady state. Assuming that the shocks giving rise to...

Emerging from the Global Crisis
			: Macroeconomic Challenges Facing Low-Income Countries

Emerging from the Global Crisis : Macroeconomic Challenges Facing Low-Income Countries »

Volume: 11

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 February 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616350734.087

ISBN: 9781616350734

Keywords: Economic growth, Low-income developing countries, Global Financial Crisis 2008-2009, public debt, current account, fiscal policy, exchange rate, current account deficits

Although the impact of the global crisis has been severe, real per capita GDP growth stayed positive in two-thirds of low-income countries (LICs), unlike in previous global downturns, and in contrast to richer coun...

Macroeconomic Vulnerabilities Stemming from the Global Economic Crisis: The Case of Swaziland

Macroeconomic Vulnerabilities Stemming from the Global Economic Crisis: The Case of Swaziland »

Volume: 11

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Olivier Basdevant , Chikako Baba , and Borislava Mircheva

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 December 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475510164.087

ISBN: 9781475510164

Keywords: Exchange rate assessments, External debt, Financial sector, Debt sustainability, Bank supervision, Public debt, Reserves adequacy

Swaziland has faced a significant fiscal crisis since 2010, in the wake of loss of transfers from the Southern African Customs Union (SACU). The fiscal crisis has led to increasing vulnerabilities, not only of publ...

Emerging Economy Responses to the Global Financial Crisis of 2007-09 - An Empirical Analysis of the Liquidity Easing Measures

Emerging Economy Responses to the Global Financial Crisis of 2007-09 - An Empirical Analysis of the Liquidity Easing Measures »

Source: Emerging Economy Responses to the Global Financial Crisis of 2007-09 - An Empirical Analysis of the Liquidity Easing Measures

Volume/Issue: 2009/265

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Etienne Yehoue

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2009

ISBN: 9781451874105

Keywords: Financial Markets, Monetary Policy, Central Banking, exchange rate, current account, foreign exchange, central bank, external debt

This paper draws on a unique data set on the nontraditional systemic liquidity easing measures recently undertaken by many emerging market economies. It offers an empirical analysis of the key determinants affectin...

The End of An Era? the Medium- and Long-Term Effects of the Global Crisison Growth in Low-Income Countries1

The End of An Era? the Medium- and Long-Term Effects of the Global Crisison Growth in Low-Income Countries1 »

Source: The End of An Era? the Medium- and Long-Term Effects of the Global Crisison Growth in Low-Income Countries

Volume/Issue: 2010/205

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Chris Papageorgiou , Andrew Berg , Catherine Pattillo , and Nicola Spatafora

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2010

ISBN: 9781455205363

Keywords: Global financial crisis, low-income countries, medium- and long-term growth, impulse response functions, growth spells, panel growth regressions, terms of trade, pre-crisis, post-crisis growth, exchange rate regime

This paper investigates the medium- and long-term growth effects of the global financial crises on Low-Income Countries (LICs). Using several methodological approaches, including impulse response function analysis,...

External Adjustment and the Global Crisis

External Adjustment and the Global Crisis »

Source: External Adjustment and the Global Crisis

Volume/Issue: 2011/197

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gian Milesi-Ferretti , and Philip Lane

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2011

ISBN: 9781462304240

Keywords: Global crisis, exchange rate regime, current account balances, current account adjustment, current account balance, current account deficits,

After widening substantially in the period preceding the global financial crisis, current account imbalances across the world have contracted to a significant extent. This paper analyzes the factors underlying this...

Financial Globalization and Exchange Rates

Financial Globalization and Exchange Rates »

Source: Financial Globalization and Exchange Rates

Volume/Issue: 2005/3

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gian Milesi-Ferretti , and Philip Lane

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2005

ISBN: 9781451860221

Keywords: Financial integration, external assets and liabilities, foreign assets, foreign asset, net foreign asset, net foreign assets, exchange rates, Financial intergration,

The founders of the Bretton Woods System 60 years ago were primarily concerned with orderly exchange rate adjustment in a world economy that was characterized by widespread restrictions on international capital mob...

The Global Financial Crisis - Explaining Cross-Country Differences in the Output Impact

The Global Financial Crisis - Explaining Cross-Country Differences in the Output Impact »

Source: The Global Financial Crisis - Explaining Cross-Country Differences in the Output Impact

Volume/Issue: 2009/280

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): R. Gelos , Robert Rennhack , James Walsh , and Pelin Berkmen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2009

ISBN: 9781451874259

Keywords: Global crisis, transmission of shocks, cross-country linkages, current account balance, exchange rate, exchange rates,

We provide one of the first attempts at explaining the differences in the crisis impact across developing countries and emerging markets. Using cross-country regressions to explain the factors driving growth foreca...