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Migration, Human Capital, and Poverty in a Dual-Economy Model of a Developing Country

Migration, Human Capital, and Poverty in a Dual-Economy Model of a Developing Country »

Volume/Issue: 2001/128

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paul Masson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451855050.001

ISBN: 9781451855050

Keywords: wage, unemployment, employment, unemployed, Measurement and Analysis of Poverty, Economic Development: Regional, Urban, and Rural Analyses,

The coexistence of urban and rural poverty and migration to cities is studied in a dual economy model where the acquisition of skills is costly and involves migration to urban areas. In this model, both the distrib...

Potential Growth of Australia and New Zealand in the Aftermath of the Global Crisis

Potential Growth of Australia and New Zealand in the Aftermath of the Global Crisis »

Volume/Issue: 2010/127

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yan Sun

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455200863.001

ISBN: 9781455200863

Keywords: Potential growth, TFP, nairu, capital stock, labor force participation rate, labor force participation,

Using a production function method, this paper assesses the impact of the global crisis on the potential growth of Australia and New Zealand. The two countries have not been hit hard by the global crisis, but have...

Poverty Alleviation and Social Safety Net Schemes for Economies in Transition

Poverty Alleviation and Social Safety Net Schemes for Economies in Transition »

Volume/Issue: 1991/14

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gillian Paull

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1991

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451924107.001

ISBN: 9781451924107

Keywords: unemployment, unemployed, employment, job search, social insurance

Inspired by the current Polish economic restructuring program, this paper attempts to develop a general income support scheme that could serve as a model to alleviate poverty in developed economies in the transitio...

Redistribution Through Public Employment
			: The Case of Italy

Redistribution Through Public Employment : The Case of Italy »

Volume/Issue: 1999/177

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stephan Danninger , Alberto Alesina , and Massimo Rostagno

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451858853.001

ISBN: 9781451858853

Keywords: Public Employment, Redistribution of Income, Public Policy and Economic Behavior of Agents, employment, unemployment, work experience, job search

This paper examines the regional distribution of public employment in Italy and documents two sets of facts. The first is the use of public employment as a subsidy from the North to the less wealthy South. We calcu...

Social Spending in Korea
			: Can it Foster Sustainable and Inclusive Growth?

Social Spending in Korea : Can it Foster Sustainable and Inclusive Growth? »

Volume/Issue: 2012/250

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Selim Elekdag

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 October 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475549218.001

ISBN: 9781475549218

Keywords: Korea, growth, social, spending, social spending, labor market, labor market participation, relative poverty, General,

Going forward, Korea faces two closely related challenges: sustaining economic growth against the backdrop of a rapidly aging population and ameliorating income inequality. This paper argues that a gradual increase...

The Effect of Globalization on Wages in the Advanced Economies

The Effect of Globalization on Wages in the Advanced Economies »

Volume/Issue: 1997/43

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Phillip Swagel , and Matthew Slaughter

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451846294.001

ISBN: 9781451846294

Keywords: Globalization, trade and wages, capital mobility, wage, skilled workers, import competition, international trade

This paper examines the effect of globalization on labor markets in the advanced economies, focusing particularly on the claim that increased economic integration has widened the gap between the wages of more skill...

The Elusive Quest for Inclusive Growth
			: Growth, Poverty, and Inequality in Asia

The Elusive Quest for Inclusive Growth : Growth, Poverty, and Inequality in Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2013/152

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ravi Balakrishnan , Chad Steinberg , and Murtaza Syed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 June 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475531169.001

ISBN: 9781475531169

Keywords: Inequality, Labor Market, pro-poor, gini, income distribution, Personal Income and Wealth Distribution, Government Policy and Regulation, General, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

This paper assesses how pro-poor and inclusive Asia’s recent growth has been, and what factors have been driving these outcomes. It finds that while poverty has fallen across the region over the last two dec...

The Impact of Public Education Expenditure on Human Capital, Growth, and Poverty in Tanzania and Zambia
			: A General Equilibrium Approach

The Impact of Public Education Expenditure on Human Capital, Growth, and Poverty in Tanzania and Zambia : A General Equilibrium Approach »

Volume/Issue: 2001/106

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Erik Thorbecke , and Hong-Sang Jung

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451852899.001

ISBN: 9781451852899

Keywords: Public expenditure, CGE, poverty, wage, education expenditure, schooling, educated workers, wage rate, Tanzania, United Republic of

The impact of public education expenditure on human capital, the supply of different labor skills, and its macroeconomic and distributional consequences is appraised within a multisector CGE model. The model is app...

Trade Liberalization and Wage Inequality
			: Evidence From India

Trade Liberalization and Wage Inequality : Evidence From India »

Volume/Issue: 2005/20

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Prachi Mishra , and Utsav Kumar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451860399.001

ISBN: 9781451860399

Keywords: wage premium, wage, unskilled workers, wage differentials, Trade and Labor Market Interactions,

We evaluate empirically the impact of the dramatic 1991 trade liberalization in India on the industry wage structure. The empirical strategy uses variation in industry wage premiums and trade policy across industri...

Wage Inequality in the United Kingdom, 1975-99

Wage Inequality in the United Kingdom, 1975-99 »

Volume/Issue: 2002/42

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eswar Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451846225.001

ISBN: 9781451846225

Keywords: wage and earnings distribution, micro survey data, between- and within-group inequality, composition effects, wage, employment, total employment, structure of employment,

This paper provides evidence that cross-sectional wage inequality in the U.K. rose sharply in the 1980s, continued to rise moderately through the mid-1990s and has remained essentially unchanged since then. As in t...