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Chapter 2. Technology and Unconventional Sources in the Global Oil Market

Chapter 2. Technology and Unconventional Sources in the Global Oil Market »

Source: Shifting Commodity Markets in a Globalized World

Series: Books

Author(s): Rabah Arezki , and Akito Matsumoto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2017

ISBN: 9781484310328

Keywords: Energy and Commodity Markets; Boom and Bust; Volatility; Global Economy

Technological factors played an important role in the collapse of oil prices that started in June 2014. Macroeconomists often assume that technological innovation results from independent, exter...

Chapter 9. The Digital Revolution and Targeting Public Expenditure for Poverty Reduction

Chapter 9. The Digital Revolution and Targeting Public Expenditure for Poverty Reduction »

Source: Digital Revolutions in Public Finance

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2017

ISBN: 9781484315224

Keywords: Information technology, Public finance, digitization, digital age, tax administration, social programs

Former Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi famously commented that only 15 percent of every rupee spent on the public food distribution system reached the poor. Indeed, the widespread view is that anti-povert...

Chapter 2: The 2008–09 Global Crisis: Impact, Policy Responses, and the Role of the IMF

Chapter 2: The 2008–09 Global Crisis: Impact, Policy Responses, and the Role of the IMF »

Source: Central America, Panama, and the Dominican Republic : Challenges Following the 2008-09 Global Crisis: Challenges Following the 2008-09 Global Crisis

Series: Books

Author(s): Marco Pinon , Alejandro Lopez Mejia , M. (Mario) Garza , and Fernando Delgado

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 July 2012

ISBN: 9781616353780

Keywords: debt, inflation, monetary policy, interest, central bank

The economies of Central America, Panama, and the Dominican Republic (CAPDR) 1 have become increasingly integrated with the rest of the world since...

Chapter 17. The Global Financial Crisis and Its Impact on the Chilean Banking System

Chapter 17. The Global Financial Crisis and Its Impact on the Chilean Banking System »

Source: A Guide to IMF Stress Testing : Methods and Models

Series: Books

Author(s): Li Ong

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 December 2014

ISBN: 9781484368589

Keywords: banking, banking system, financial institutions, financial stability, financial sector

This chapter explores how the global turmoil affected the risk of banks operating in Chile and provides evidence that could help strengthen work on vulnerability indicators and off-site supervision. In addit...

Chapter 7. The Global Financial Crisis: How Similar? How Different? How Costly?

Chapter 7. The Global Financial Crisis: How Similar? How Different? How Costly? »

Source: Financial Crises : Causes, Consequences, and Policy Responses

Series: Books

Author(s): Stijn Claessens , Ayhan Kose , Luc Laeven , and Fabian Valencia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 February 2014

ISBN: 9781475543407

Keywords: banking, banking crises, recessions, financial crises, recapitalization

The global economy is recovering from the deepest recession in the post–World War II era. The recession was triggered, albeit slowly, by the severe 2007–09 financial crisis in key advanced economies that coi...

Chapter 16. The Renminbi’s Prospects as a Global Reserve Currency

Chapter 16. The Renminbi’s Prospects as a Global Reserve Currency »

Source: China's Road to Greater Financial Stability : Some Policy Perspectives

Series: Books

Author(s): Udaibir Das , Jonathan Fiechter , and Tao Sun

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 August 2013

ISBN: 9781616354060

Keywords: banking, financial system, financial institutions

Popular discussions about the prospects of China’s currency—the renminbi—range from the view that it is on the threshold of becoming the dominant global reserve currency to the concern that rapid capital acc...

Chapter 18. The Role of Transparency and Civil Society in Managing Commodities for Inclusive Growth and Development

Chapter 18. The Role of Transparency and Civil Society in Managing Commodities for Inclusive Growth and Development »

Source: Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Rabah Arezki , Catherine Pattillo , Marc Quintyn , and Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 2012

ISBN: 9781616353797

Keywords: hedging, fiscal policy, inflation, terms of trade, food prices

Introduction In 2008, aid flow to sub-Saharan Africa reached US$36 billion per year. Natural resource rents, by contrast, stood at US$240 billion. Over three-quarters of Africa’s sub...

Chapter 15. This Time Is Different: The Domestic Financial Impact of Global Rebalancing

Chapter 15. This Time Is Different: The Domestic Financial Impact of Global Rebalancing »

Source: China's Road to Greater Financial Stability : Some Policy Perspectives

Series: Books

Author(s): Udaibir Das , Jonathan Fiechter , and Tao Sun

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 August 2013

ISBN: 9781616354060

Keywords: banking, financial system, financial institutions

In 1998, the Chinese financial system faced a severe challenge. The region was in financial turmoil, and the wave of bankruptcies of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) in the 1990s had produced official nonperfo...

Chapter 1. Unleashing Strong, Sustainable, and Inclusive Growth in the Caribbean

Chapter 1. Unleashing Strong, Sustainable, and Inclusive Growth in the Caribbean »

Source: Unleashing Growth and Strengthening Resilience in the Caribbean

Series: Books

Author(s): Krishna Srinivasan , Inci Otker , Uma Ramakrishnan , and Trevor Alleyne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 November 2017

ISBN: 9781484315194

Keywords: Financial analysis, International financial markets, International financial cooperation, Financial integration, Economic growth, Inclusive growth, Regional integration, Regional economic integration, Economic integration, Caribbean

Since attaining independence in the 1960s and 1970s, Caribbean countries have registered strong economic and social outcomes. Per capita incomes have risen, with most Caribbean coun...

Chapter 8. What Is Inclusive Growth?

Chapter 8. What Is Inclusive Growth? »

Source: Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Rabah Arezki , Catherine Pattillo , Marc Quintyn , and Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 2012

ISBN: 9781616353797

Keywords: hedging, fiscal policy, inflation, terms of trade, food prices

Introduction The purpose of this chapter is to define the meaning of the term “inclusive growth.” It is often used interchangeably with a suite of other terms, including “broad-based...