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Brazil

Boom, Bust, and Road to Recovery

Brazil is at crossroads, emerging slowly from a historic recession that was preceded by a huge economic boom.

Emerging Economy Responses to the Global Financial Crisis of 2007-09 - An Empirical Analysis of the Liquidity Easing Measures

Emerging Economy Responses to the Global Financial Crisis of 2007-09 - An Empirical Analysis of the Liquidity Easing Measures »

Source: Emerging Economy Responses to the Global Financial Crisis of 2007-09 - An Empirical Analysis of the Liquidity Easing Measures

Volume/Issue: 2009/265

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Etienne Yehoue

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2009

ISBN: 9781451874105

Keywords: Financial Markets, Monetary Policy, Central Banking, exchange rate, current account, foreign exchange, central bank, external debt

This paper draws on a unique data set on the nontraditional systemic liquidity easing measures recently undertaken by many emerging market economies. It offers an empirical analysis of the key determinants affectin...

Financial Crises Prompt Consideration of Proposals to Strengthen the Global Financial System

Financial Crises Prompt Consideration of Proposals to Strengthen the Global Financial System »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1999

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 1999

ISBN: 9781451945232

Keywords: interest, debt, payments, loans, external debt

The continued repercussions of the Asian financial crisis and the spread of financial stress to Russia and Brazil posed complicated challenges for the IMF and the international community in 1998/99. Among th...

Financial facilities: Restructured financing facilities reflect changing global economic environment

Financial facilities: Restructured financing facilities reflect changing global economic environment »

Source: IMF Survey Supplement 2001

Volume/Issue: 30/1

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2001

ISBN: 9781451951103

Keywords: capital markets, international capital, member countries, international capital markets, balance of payments

The Web edition of the IMF Survey is updated several times a week, and contains a wealth of articles about topical policy and economic issues in the news. Access the latest IMF research, read interviews, and listen...

Financial markets recover: IMF adapts to changing global environment to meet member countries’ needs

Financial markets recover: IMF adapts to changing global environment to meet member countries’ needs »

Source: IMF Survey Supplement 1999

Volume/Issue: 28/0

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1999

ISBN: 9781451951059

Keywords: financial system, member countries, financial markets, world economy, macroeconomic policies

The Web edition of the IMF Survey is updated several times a week, and contains a wealth of articles about topical policy and economic issues in the news. Access the latest IMF research, read interviews, and listen...

Financial Spillovers to Emerging Markets During the Global Financial Crisis

Financial Spillovers to Emerging Markets During the Global Financial Crisis »

Source: Financial Spillovers to Emerging Markets During the Global Financial Crisis

Volume/Issue: 2009/104

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nathaniel Frank , and Heiko Hesse

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2009

ISBN: 9781451872514

Keywords: Subprime Crisis, Solvency, GARCH, bond, stock market, financial institutions,

In this paper potential financial linkages between liquidity and bank solvency measures in advanced economies and emerging market (EM) bond and stock markets are analyzedduring the latest crisis. A multivariate GAR...

Firms and the Decline in Earnings Inequality in Brazil

Firms and the Decline in Earnings Inequality in Brazil »

Source: Firms and the Decline in Earnings Inequality in Brazil

Volume/Issue: 2017/278

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jorge Alvarez , Felipe Benguria , Niklas Engbom , and Christian Moser

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 December 2017

ISBN: 9781484333037

Keywords: Brazil, Western Hemisphere, Earnings Inequality, Linked Employer-Employee Data, Firm and Worker Heterogeneity, Productivity, Firm Behavior: Empirical Analysis

We document a large decrease in earnings inequality in Brazil between 1996 and 2012. Using administrative linked employer-employee data, we fit high-dimensional worker and firm fixed effects models to understand th...

Fiscal Adjustment and Income Inequality

Fiscal Adjustment and Income Inequality »

Source: Fiscal Adjustment and Income Inequality : Sub-national Evidence from Brazil

Volume/Issue: 2014/85

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): João Pedro Azevedo , Antonio David , Fabiano Rodrigues Bastos , and Emilio Pineda

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 May 2014

ISBN: 9781484385340

Keywords: fiscal stance, fiscal consolidation, fiscal consolidations, General, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

We combine state-level fiscal data with household survey data to assess the links between sub-national fiscal policy and income inequality in Brazil over the period 1995-2011. The results indicate that a tighter fi...

Forum: Dealing with global imbalances

Forum: Dealing with global imbalances »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 35, Issue 04

Volume/Issue: 35/4

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 February 2006

ISBN: 9781451967852

Keywords: exchange rate, international monetary fund, development bank, Credibility, Incentives, International Monetary Fund (imf). Surveillance Role, Strategic Planning,

IMF strategic review; IMF transparency report; Article IV summaries: Mauritius, Zambia, Guinea; South Asia and oil prices; New EU member experiences with capital account opening; AFRITACS future work plan; Goldsbro...

Fundamental Determinants of Inequality and the Role of Government1

Fundamental Determinants of Inequality and the Role of Government1 »

Source: Fundamental Determinants of Inequality and the Role of Government

Volume/Issue: 1998/178

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1998

ISBN: 9781451858921

Keywords: Inequality, Social Norms, Role of Governments, Positional Rents, Social Capital, human capital, income distribution, trade theory

This paper discusses the fundamental determinants of inequality. These are identified as world or market forces, social norms, ownership of real and human capital, and the role of government. The change in the rela...

Gender equality can foster growth and help reduce poverty

Gender equality can foster growth and help reduce poverty »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 32, Issue 18

Volume/Issue: 32/18

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 October 2003

ISBN: 9781451927979

Keywords: publication, article, financial system, interest, IMF increases its transparency,

The IMF announced October 10 that its Executive Board had agreed on measures to enhance further the transparency of the institution, in particular by promoting the publication of more country documents. The agreeme...