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Development FOCUS: Poverty and Economic Policy in the Philippines

Development FOCUS: Poverty and Economic Policy in the Philippines »

Source: Finance & Development, September 1998

Volume/Issue: 35/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1998

ISBN: 9781451952278

Keywords: income distribution, unskilled workers, fiscal affairs department, taxation, public expenditures

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

Does Globalization Lower Wages and Export Jobs?

Does Globalization Lower Wages and Export Jobs? »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Matthew Slaughter , and Phillip Swagel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 September 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557756794.051

ISBN: 9781557756794

Keywords: wages, wage, skilled workers, import competition, international trade

Increased globalization - the international integration of markets for goods, technology, labor, and capital - has coincided in the past 20 years with a shift in demand from less-skilled workers to those with more...

Does Globalization Lower Wages and Export Jobs?

Does Globalization Lower Wages and Export Jobs? »

Source: Does Globalization Lower Wages and Export Jobs?

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Matthew Slaughter , and Phillip Swagel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756794

Keywords: wages, wage, skilled workers, import competition, international trade

Globalization—the international integration of goods, technology, labor, and capital—is everywhere to be seen. In any large city in any country, Japanese cars ply the streets, a telephone call can arrange th...

The Effect of Globalization on Wages in the Advanced Economies

The Effect of Globalization on Wages in the Advanced Economies »

Source: The Effect of Globalization on Wages in the Advanced Economies

Volume/Issue: 1997/43

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Phillip Swagel , and Matthew Slaughter

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1997

ISBN: 9781451846294

Keywords: Globalization, trade and wages, capital mobility, wage, skilled workers, import competition, international trade

This paper examines the effect of globalization on labor markets in the advanced economies, focusing particularly on the claim that increased economic integration has widened the gap between the wages of more skill...

The Endogenous Skill Bias of Technical Change and Inequality in Developing Countries

The Endogenous Skill Bias of Technical Change and Inequality in Developing Countries »

Source: The Endogenous Skill Bias of Technical Change and Inequality in Developing Countries

Volume/Issue: 2013/50

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alberto Behar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 February 2013

ISBN: 9781475536959

Keywords: Skill-biased Technical Change, skilled workers, unskilled labor, trade liberalization, unskilled workers, General, Technological Change: Choices and Consequences,

This paper draws on existing empirical literature and an original theoretical model to argue that globalization and skill supply affect the extent to which technology adoption in developing countries favors skilled...

Firms and the Decline in Earnings Inequality in Brazil

Firms and the Decline in Earnings Inequality in Brazil »

Source: Firms and the Decline in Earnings Inequality in Brazil

Volume/Issue: 2017/278

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jorge Alvarez , Felipe Benguria , Niklas Engbom , and Christian Moser

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 December 2017

ISBN: 9781484333037

Keywords: Brazil, Western Hemisphere, Earnings Inequality, Linked Employer-Employee Data, Firm and Worker Heterogeneity, Productivity, Firm Behavior: Empirical Analysis

We document a large decrease in earnings inequality in Brazil between 1996 and 2012. Using administrative linked employer-employee data, we fit high-dimensional worker and firm fixed effects models to understand th...

How Do Fiscal and Labor Policies in France Affect Inequality?

How Do Fiscal and Labor Policies in France Affect Inequality? »

Source: How Do Fiscal and Labor Policies in France Affect Inequality?

Volume/Issue: 2016/41

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Raphael Espinoza , and Esther Perez Ruiz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 February 2016

ISBN: 9781513515960

Keywords: redistribution, market income inequality, labor market policies, fiscal policies, labor, unemployment, minimum wage, workers, income distribution, Personal Income and Wealth Distribution

This paper explores the impact of fiscal and labor market policies on efficiency, inequality, and fiscal outcomes in France. We extend the general equilibrium model calibrated for France by Alla and others (2015),...

Firms and the Decline in Earnings Inequality in Brazil

Firms and the Decline in Earnings Inequality in Brazil »

Volume/Issue: 2017/278

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jorge Alvarez , Felipe Benguria , Niklas Engbom , and Christian Moser

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 December 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484333037.001

ISBN: 9781484333037

Keywords: Brazil, Western Hemisphere, Earnings Inequality, Linked Employer-Employee Data, Firm and Worker Heterogeneity, Productivity, Firm Behavior: Empirical Analysis

We document a large decrease in earnings inequality in Brazil between 1996 and 2012. Using administrative linked employer-employee data, we fit high-dimensional worker and firm fixed effects models to understand th...

How Do Fiscal and Labor Policies in France Affect Inequality?

How Do Fiscal and Labor Policies in France Affect Inequality? »

Volume/Issue: 2016/41

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Raphael Espinoza , and Esther Perez Ruiz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 February 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513515960.001

ISBN: 9781513515960

Keywords: redistribution, market income inequality, labor market policies, fiscal policies, labor, unemployment, minimum wage, workers, income distribution, Personal Income and Wealth Distribution

This paper explores the impact of fiscal and labor market policies on efficiency, inequality, and fiscal outcomes in France. We extend the general equilibrium model calibrated for France by Alla and others (2015),...

Macroeconomic Impacts of Gender Inequality and Informality in India

Macroeconomic Impacts of Gender Inequality and Informality in India »

Volume/Issue: 2016/16

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Purva Khera

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 February 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475590784.001

ISBN: 9781475590784

Keywords: gender inequality, informality, DSGE model, Indian economy, Bayesian estimation, labor market, labor, workers, unemployment, labor force

This paper examines the macroeconomic interaction between informality and gender inequality in the labor market. A dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model is built to study the impact of gender-targeted polici...