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Financial Inclusion and Stability In Africa’s Middle-Income Countries Including Namibia

Financial Inclusion and Stability In Africa’s Middle-Income Countries Including Namibia »

Source: Namibia : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2014/41

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 February 2014

ISBN: 9781475580396

Keywords: Financial stability, Economic growth, Productivity, Political economy, Namibia, Selected issues, Fiscal reforms, tfp, labor market, labor force

This Selected Issues paper analyzes policies that can raise potential growth in small middle-income countries (SMICs) of sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). The findings suggest that although macroeconomic stability and trad...

Global Declining Competition1

Global Declining Competition1 »

Source: Global Declining Competition

Volume/Issue: 2019/82

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Federico Diez , Jiayue Fan , and Carolina Villegas-Sánchez

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 April 2019

ISBN: 9781498311113

Keywords: Total factor productivity, Capital stocks, Employment, Production, Production functions, Markups, Market power, TFP, Firm size, markup

Using a new firm-level dataset on private and listed firms from 20 countries, we document five stylized facts on market power in global markets. First, competition has declined around the world, measured as a moder...

Global Value Chains and Productivity: Micro Evidence from Estonia*

Global Value Chains and Productivity: Micro Evidence from Estonia* »

Source: Global Value Chains and Productivity: Micro Evidence from Estonia

Volume/Issue: 2020/117

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hang Banh , Philippe Wingender , and Cheikh Gueye

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 July 2020

ISBN: 9781513542300

Keywords: Total factor productivity, Economic growth, Price indexes, Financial crises, Labor productivity, global value chains, trade, productivity, WP, industry level

The COVID-19 pandemic has led to an unprecedented collapse in global economic activity and trade. The crisis has also highlighted the role played by global value chains (GVC), with countries facing shortages of com...

Globalization, Market Power, and the Natural Interest Rate

Globalization, Market Power, and the Natural Interest Rate »

Source: Globalization, Market Power, and the Natural Interest Rate

Volume/Issue: 2019/95

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jean-Marc Natal , and Nicolas Stoffels

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 May 2019

ISBN: 9781498311410

Keywords: Real interest rates, Market interest rates, Economic integration, Interest rates, Total factor productivity, low interest rate puzzle, globalization, natural interest rate, markups, real interest rate

We argue that strong globalization forces have been an important determinant of global real interest rates over the last five decades, as they have been key drivers of changes in the natural real interest rate-i.e....

Promoting Inclusive Growth in the Caucasus and Central Asia

Promoting Inclusive Growth in the Caucasus and Central Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2019/9

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Mercedes Vera-Martín , Dominique Fayad , Sergejs Saksonovs , Wei Shi , and Fang Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 May 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498313353.087

ISBN: 9781498313353

Keywords: Central Asia and the Caucasus, Inclusive growth, Financial inclusion, Fiscal policy, Economic growth, Unemployment, Total factor productivity, Credit, Caucasus and Central Asia, CCA

CCA countries achieved gains in inclusiveness over the past 20 years as incomes increased and poverty, inequality, and unemployment declined. Most of the progress occurred before the 2008-09 global financial crisis...

Pursuing Women's Economic Empowerment

Pursuing Women's Economic Empowerment »

Volume/Issue: 2018/029

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department;International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 May 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498308526.007

ISBN: 9781498308526

Keywords: Total factor productivity, Labor force participation, Low-income developing countries, Labor market reforms, Gross national product, gender gap, gender inequality, gender equality, IMF, inequality

"The economic and social imperative for women's economic empowerment is clear. Greater gender equality boosts economic growth and leads to better development outcomes. It contributes to reducing income inequality a...

Global Value Chains and Productivity: Micro Evidence from Estonia

Global Value Chains and Productivity: Micro Evidence from Estonia »

Volume/Issue: 2020/117

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hang Banh , Philippe Wingender , and Cheikh Gueye

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 July 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513542300.001

ISBN: 9781513542300

Keywords: Total factor productivity, Economic growth, Price indexes, Financial crises, Labor productivity, global value chains, trade, productivity, WP, industry level

The COVID-19 pandemic has led to an unprecedented collapse in global economic activity and trade. The crisis has also highlighted the role played by global value chains (GVC), with countries facing shortages of com...

Globalization, Market Power, and the Natural Interest Rate

Globalization, Market Power, and the Natural Interest Rate »

Volume/Issue: 2019/95

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jean-Marc Natal , and Nicolas Stoffels

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 May 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498311410.001

ISBN: 9781498311410

Keywords: Real interest rates, Market interest rates, Economic integration, Interest rates, Total factor productivity, low interest rate puzzle, globalization, natural interest rate, markups, real interest rate

We argue that strong globalization forces have been an important determinant of global real interest rates over the last five decades, as they have been key drivers of changes in the natural real interest rate-i.e....

Global Declining Competition

Global Declining Competition »

Volume/Issue: 2019/82

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Federico Diez , Jiayue Fan , and Carolina Villegas-Sánchez

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 April 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498311113.001

ISBN: 9781498311113

Keywords: Total factor productivity, Capital stocks, Employment, Production, Production functions, Markups, Market power, TFP, Firm size, markup

Using a new firm-level dataset on private and listed firms from 20 countries, we document five stylized facts on market power in global markets. First, competition has declined around the world, measured as a moder...

Promoting Inclusive Growth in the Caucasus and Central Asia

Promoting Inclusive Growth in the Caucasus and Central Asia »

Source: Promoting Inclusive Growth in the Caucasus and Central Asia

Volume/Issue: 2019/9

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Mercedes Vera-Martín , Dominique Fayad , Sergejs Saksonovs , Wei Shi , and Fang Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 May 2019

ISBN: 9781498313353

Keywords: Central Asia and the Caucasus, Inclusive growth, Financial inclusion, Fiscal policy, Economic growth, Unemployment, Total factor productivity, Credit, Caucasus and Central Asia, CCA

CCA countries achieved gains in inclusiveness over the past 20 years as incomes increased and poverty, inequality, and unemployment declined. Most of the progress occurred before the 2008-09 global financial crisis...