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Appendix 2: Measures Used to Characterize Global Supply Chains

Appendix 2: Measures Used to Characterize Global Supply Chains »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

Various measures can be used to characterize global supply chains. Hummels, Ishii, and Yi (2001) were the first to measure the value of imported contents embodied in a country’s exp...

Appendix 4: New Drivers of Global Trade: Key Stylized Facts

Appendix 4: New Drivers of Global Trade: Key Stylized Facts »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

Changes in export composition by trading partner strongly reflect the emergence of EMEs (Figure A4.1). As a consequence, those countries more strongly exposed to EMEs generally expe...

Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Changing Patterns of Global Trade »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

Changing Patterns of Global Trade outlines the factors underlying important shifts in global trade that have occurred in recent decades. The emergence of global supply chains and their increasing role in trade patt...

Chapter 3. Global Trade and Relative Prices: A Sectoral Elasticities Approach

Chapter 3. Global Trade and Relative Prices: A Sectoral Elasticities Approach »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

A highly disaggregated sectoral level approach is used to examine the impact of relative price changes on trade flows and structures. The impact of such macroeconomic policies is often analyzed at the level...

Chapter 9. The Digital Revolution and Targeting Public Expenditure for Poverty Reduction

Chapter 9. The Digital Revolution and Targeting Public Expenditure for Poverty Reduction »

Source: Digital Revolutions in Public Finance

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2017

ISBN: 9781484315224

Keywords: Information technology, Public finance, digitization, digital age, tax administration, social programs

Former Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi famously commented that only 15 percent of every rupee spent on the public food distribution system reached the poor. Indeed, the widespread view is that anti-povert...

Chapter 2. The Evolving Structure of Global Trade

Chapter 2. The Evolving Structure of Global Trade »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

A. The Diffusion of Key Players in Global Trade Emerging market economies have moved from peripheral players to major centers of global trade. Figure 2 shows the evolution of key pla...

61/2 Decades of Global Trade and Income

61/2 Decades of Global Trade and Income »

Source: 61/2 Decades of Global Trade and Income : 'New Normal' or 'Back to Normal' after GTC and GFC?

Volume/Issue: 2016/139

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sanjay Kalra

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 July 2016

ISBN: 9781475526592

Keywords: Global Trade and Income, Elasticities, SVAR, Globalization, Technology shocks, Structural breaks

Global merchandise trade expanded rapidly over the last 61/2 decades and its relationship with global income has seen ebbs and flows. This paper examines the shifts in this relationship using time series data over...

Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Changing Patterns of Global Trade »

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616352073.087

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

Changing Patterns of Global Trade outlines the factors underlying important shifts in global trade that have occurred in recent decades. The emergence of global supply chains and their increasing role in trade patt...

Enhanced incentives for mitigation efforts in the Land Use.
			: Land Use Change and Forestry sector in the next global climate change agreement

Enhanced incentives for mitigation efforts in the Land Use. : Land Use Change and Forestry sector in the next global climate change agreement »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Jón Guðmundsson , Sten Gyldenkaerne , Gro Hylen , Mattias Lundblad , Hans Petersson , Kim Pingoud , Michelle Slaney , Tarja Tuomainen , and Lars Vesterdal

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2009

ISBN: 9789289318969

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, COP 15 Group, Climate Change, Technology Transfer, Legal Issues, Deforestation, LULUCF-sector

The Nordic Council of Ministers has set up the Nordic COP 15 Group to help achieve a successful outcome in the climate change negotiations at COP 15 in Copenhagen in December 2009. The Nordic COP 15 Group have iden...

The Exposure to Routinization: Labor Market Implications for Developed and Developing Economies1

The Exposure to Routinization: Labor Market Implications for Developed and Developing Economies1 »

Source: The Exposure to Routinization: Labor Market Implications for Developed and Developing Economies

Volume/Issue: 2018/135

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mitali Das , and Benjamin Hilgenstock

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 June 2018

ISBN: 9781484361900

Keywords: Labor markets, Globalization, Income distribution, Information technology, Employment, Developing countries, Wages, Labor force, Polarization, routine occupations

Evidence that the automation of routine tasks has contributed to the polarization of labor markets has been documented for many developed economies, but little is known about its incidence in developing economies....