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Appendix 2: Measures Used to Characterize Global Supply Chains

Appendix 2: Measures Used to Characterize Global Supply Chains »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

Various measures can be used to characterize global supply chains. Hummels, Ishii, and Yi (2001) were the first to measure the value of imported contents embodied in a country’s exp...

Appendix 4: New Drivers of Global Trade: Key Stylized Facts

Appendix 4: New Drivers of Global Trade: Key Stylized Facts »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

Changes in export composition by trading partner strongly reflect the emergence of EMEs (Figure A4.1). As a consequence, those countries more strongly exposed to EMEs generally expe...

Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Changing Patterns of Global Trade »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Volume/Issue: 2011/044

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 2011

ISBN: 9781498338769

Keywords: China, Demand elasticity, Export growth, Export markets, Export prices, Exports, International trade, Supply elasticity, Trade integration, Balance of payments

The past few decades have seen important shifts that have reshaped the global trade landscape. As a share of global output, trade is now at almost three times the level in the early 1950s, in large part driven by t...

Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Changing Patterns of Global Trade »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

Changing Patterns of Global Trade outlines the factors underlying important shifts in global trade that have occurred in recent decades. The emergence of global supply chains and their increasing role in trade patt...

Chapter 3. Global Trade and Relative Prices: A Sectoral Elasticities Approach

Chapter 3. Global Trade and Relative Prices: A Sectoral Elasticities Approach »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

A highly disaggregated sectoral level approach is used to examine the impact of relative price changes on trade flows and structures. The impact of such macroeconomic policies is often analyzed at the level...

Chapter 2. The Evolving Structure of Global Trade

Chapter 2. The Evolving Structure of Global Trade »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

A. The Diffusion of Key Players in Global Trade Emerging market economies have moved from peripheral players to major centers of global trade. Figure 2 shows the evolution of key pla...

Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Changing Patterns of Global Trade »

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616352073.087

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

Changing Patterns of Global Trade outlines the factors underlying important shifts in global trade that have occurred in recent decades. The emergence of global supply chains and their increasing role in trade patt...

Global Smartphones Sales May Have Peaked

Global Smartphones Sales May Have Peaked »

Source: Global Smartphones Sales May Have Peaked

Volume/Issue: 2020/70

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Joannes Mongardini , and Aneta Radzikowski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 May 2020

ISBN: 9781513545851

Keywords: Economic integration, Service exports, Economic analysis, Developing countries, Capital stocks, global supply chains, global trade, tech cycle, WP, replacement cycle

Global smartphone sales may have peaked. After reaching nearly 1.5 billion units in 2016, global smartphone sales have since declined, contributing negatively to world trade in 2019 and suggesting that the global m...

Lifting Growth in the Western Balkans
			: The Role of Global Value Chains and Services Exports

Lifting Growth in the Western Balkans : The Role of Global Value Chains and Services Exports »

Volume/Issue: 2019/13

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nadeem Ilahi , Armine Khachatryan , William Lindquist , Nhu Nguyen , Faezeh Raei , and Jesmin Rahman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 November 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498314916.087

ISBN: 9781498314916

Keywords: Economic growth, Foreign trade, Supply, Services industry, Regional integration, Trade; Global Value Chains; Supply Chains; Growth; Services Trade; EU accession; Regional Integration

In the past 25 years, exports have contributed strongly to growth and economic convergence in many small open economies. However, the Western Balkan (WB) region, consisting of small emerging market economies, has n...

Trade Tensions, Global Value Chains, and Spillovers
			: Insights for Europe

Trade Tensions, Global Value Chains, and Spillovers : Insights for Europe »

Volume/Issue: 2019/10

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Raju Huidrom , Nemanja Jovanovic , Carlos Mulas-Granados , Laura Papi , Faezeh Raei , Emil Stavrev , and Philippe Wingender

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 June 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498315135.087

ISBN: 9781498315135

Keywords: Supply, Tariffs, Economic growth, Spillovers, Trade, Regional trade, Trade Tensions;Global value Chains;Supply Chains;Growth;Tariffs;Spillovers

Europe is deeply integrated into global value chains and recent trade tensions raise the question of how European economies would be affected by the introduction of tariffs or other trade barriers. This paper estim...