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The Distributional Bias of Public Education

The Distributional Bias of Public Education »

Source: The Distributional Bias of Public Education : Causes and Consequences

Volume/Issue: 2004/214

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mark Gradstein , and Era Dabla-Norris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2004

ISBN: 9781451875027

Keywords: Public education, incidence bias, inequality, education spending, income inequality, private education, Publicly Provided Private Goods, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

While public education is often intended to be progressive in its effects on income distribution, in reality its incidence is often skewed toward the rich. This paper argues that the extent of this bias is directly...

2. Fiscal Policy: Dampening Cyclical Fluctuations and Supporting Inclusive Growth

2. Fiscal Policy: Dampening Cyclical Fluctuations and Supporting Inclusive Growth »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, April 2013, Asia and Pacific : Shifting Risks, New Foundations for Growth

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 April 2013

ISBN: 9781484360835

Keywords: Fiscal policy, Business cycles, Market economies, Human capital, Capital accumulation, Financial crises, Economies, capital inflows, domestic demand, capital flow

Sustained rapid growth, macroeconomic stability, and improvements in living standards are some of the remarkable achievements of Asian economies over the past decade. Nevertheless, important challenges remai...

Globalization and the Future of Social Protection1

Globalization and the Future of Social Protection1 »

Source: Globalization and the Future of Social Protection

Volume/Issue: 2000/12

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2000

ISBN: 9781451842890

Keywords: Government expenditures, Taxes, globalization, welfare state, tax expenditure, regulations, public spending, social expenditure, expenditures, tax expenditures

Social protection in industrial countries has been provided through regulations, tax expenditures, and public spending. This paper argues that globalization will affect governments' ability to continue providing th...

Reallocating Public Spending to Reduce Income Inequality: Can It Work?

Reallocating Public Spending to Reduce Income Inequality: Can It Work? »

Volume/Issue: 2019/188

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Djeneba Doumbia , and Tidiane Kinda

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 September 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513511863.001

ISBN: 9781513511863

Keywords: Economic policy, Financial crises, Expenditure efficiency, Unemployment, Education spending, Income inequality, public spending reallocation, institutions, WP, health spend

Can a government reduce income inequality by changing the composition of public spending while keeping the total level of expenditure fixed? Using newly assembled data on spending composition for 83 countries acros...

Tracking of Poverty-Reducing Public Spending in Heavily Indebted Poor Countries

Tracking of Poverty-Reducing Public Spending in Heavily Indebted Poor Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2001/004

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 March 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498328081.007

ISBN: 9781498328081

Keywords: Government expenditures, Heavily indebted poor countries, Poverty, Financial management information systems, West African Economic and Monetary Union, Social safety nets, Social indicators, Budget execution, PP, PEM

...

Cameroon
			: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper:  Joint Staff Advisory Note

Cameroon : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper: Joint Staff Advisory Note »

Volume/Issue: 2010/258

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 August 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455205769.002

ISBN: 9781455205769

Keywords: expenditure, gross capital formation, public spending, regional integration, medium-term expenditure framework

The government of Cameroon adopted its first Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) to define the overall framework for its development policies. To adjust the overall objectives and address the weaknesses of the...

Georgia
			: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Progress Report:  Joint Staff Advisory Note

Georgia : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Progress Report: Joint Staff Advisory Note »

Volume/Issue: 2006/361

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 October 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451814637.002

ISBN: 9781451814637

Keywords: poverty reduction strategy, mtef, poverty reduction strategy paper, expenditure, public spending

The implementation of Georgia's poverty reduction strategy has proceeded well, with impressive achievements in curbing corruption, improving the business climate, and continued improvement in public finances. Parti...

Honduras
			: Joint Staff Advisory Note on the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Second Annual Progress Report

Honduras : Joint Staff Advisory Note on the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Second Annual Progress Report »

Volume/Issue: 2005/387

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 October 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451817140.002

ISBN: 9781451817140

Keywords: poverty reduction strategy, macroeconomic framework, poverty reduction strategy paper, tax reform, public spending

The Joint Staff Advisory Note on Honduras's Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Second Annual Progress Report is presented. The framework, which is consistent with the government's economic program being supported by...

Honduras
			: Joint Staff Assessment of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Progress Report

Honduras : Joint Staff Assessment of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Progress Report »

Volume/Issue: 2005/12

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 January 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451817089.002

ISBN: 9781451817089

Keywords: poverty reduction strategy, macroeconomic framework, public spending, poverty reduction strategy paper, tax reform

The paper discusses the Joint Staff Assessment (JSA) of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) Progress Report for Honduras. The first PRSP Progress Report of the Government of Honduras presents a complete rev...

Nicaragua
			: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Second Progress Report

Nicaragua : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Second Progress Report »

Volume/Issue: 2004/13

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 January 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451829167.002

ISBN: 9781451829167

Keywords: maternal mortality, public spending, fiscal equity, mortality rate, births

The government of Nicaragua has worked toward adopting the necessary economic measures to put the country's economy on the course of fiscal sustainability and those that guarantee transparent and austere management...