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Albania: Staff Report for the 2006 Article IV Consultation, First Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility, Review Under Extended Arrangement, Request for Waiver of Nonobservance of Performance Criterion, and Financing Assurances Review

Albania: Staff Report for the 2006 Article IV Consultation, First Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility, Review Under Extended Arrangement, Request for Waiver of Nonobservance of Performance Criterion, and Financing Assurances Review »

Source: Albania : Staff Report for the 2006 Article IV Consultation, First Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility, Review Under Extended Arrangement, Request for Waiver of Nonobservance of Performance Criterion, and Financing Assurances Review

Volume/Issue: 2006/286

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2006

ISBN: 9781451800876

Keywords: debt, interest, public debt, external debt, budget

Albania's macroeconomic performance over the past year has been good, with strong growth and a significant reduction in poverty under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility Arrangement. Executive Directors comm...

Albania: Staff Report for the 2006 Article IV Consultation, First Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility, Review Under Extended Arrangement, Request for Waiver of Nonobservance of Performance Criterion, and Financing Assurances Review Supplementary Information

Albania: Staff Report for the 2006 Article IV Consultation, First Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility, Review Under Extended Arrangement, Request for Waiver of Nonobservance of Performance Criterion, and Financing Assurances Review Supplementary Information »

Source: Albania : Staff Report for the 2006 Article IV Consultation, First Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility, Review Under Extended Arrangement, Request for Waiver of Nonobservance of Performance Criterion, and Financing Assurances Review

Volume/Issue: 2006/286

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2006

ISBN: 9781451800876

Keywords: debt, interest, public debt, external debt, budget

Albania's macroeconomic performance over the past year has been good, with strong growth and a significant reduction in poverty under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility Arrangement. Executive Directors comm...

Block I. Global Imbalances, Exchange Rate Issues, and Debt

Block I. Global Imbalances, Exchange Rate Issues, and Debt »

Source: Dollars, Debt, and Deficits : Sixty Years After Bretton Woods

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064539

Keywords: Deficit financing, Budget deficits, exchange rate, public debt, foreign assets, current account, foreign liabilities

...

The Caribbean
			: From Vulnerability to Sustained Growth

The Caribbean : From Vulnerability to Sustained Growth »

Series: Books

Author(s): David Robinson , Paul Cashin , and Ratna Sahay

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 September 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589065147.071

ISBN: 9781589065147

Keywords: disasters, debt, disaster, public debt, tourism

This book sets out the economic challenges facing the island nations of the Caribbean and presents policy options to ameliorate external shocks and embark firmly on a sustained growth path. While the countries of t...

Chapter 1 Global Prospects and Policies

Chapter 1 Global Prospects and Policies »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2012 : Coping with High Debt and Sluggish Growth

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 October 2012

ISBN: 9781616353896

Keywords: Budget estimates, Adjustment process, Commodity prices, Debt reduction, Euro, public debt, fiscal consolidation, current account, inflation

The global economy has deteriorated further since the release of the July 2012 WEO Update, and growth projections have been marked down (Table 1.1). Downside risks are now judged to...

Chapter II: Swaziland’s Interconnection with the Global Economy

Chapter II: Swaziland’s Interconnection with the Global Economy »

Source: Restoring Sustainability in a Changing Global Environment : Options for Swaziland

Volume/Issue: 2013/1

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Olivier Basdevant , and Borislava Mircheva

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2013

ISBN: 9781475589412

Keywords: Banking sector, Currency pegs, Debt sustainability analysis, External shocks, Reserves, Private sector, South Africa, Spillovers, Fiscal risk, Fiscal policy

Swaziland is highly interconnected with South Africa and with the global economy. As the global economy faces higher risks of adverse shocks, Swaziland may be affected by spillover effects. These shocks woul...

CHAPTER II THE GLOBAL IMPLICATIONS OF THE U.S. FISCAL DEFICIT AND OF CHINA’S GROWTH

CHAPTER II THE GLOBAL IMPLICATIONS OF THE U.S. FISCAL DEFICIT AND OF CHINA’S GROWTH »

Source: World Economic Outlook, April 2004 : Advancing Structural Reforms

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589063372

Keywords: debt, interest, payments, public debt, external financing

This chapter consists of two essays: the first examines the global implications of the U.S. fiscal deficit, while the second analyzes the impact on the world economy of China’s emergence. Specifical...

Comment: Financial Globalization and Exchange Rates

Comment: Financial Globalization and Exchange Rates »

Source: Dollars, Debt, and Deficits : Sixty Years After Bretton Woods

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064539

Keywords: Deficit financing, Budget deficits, exchange rate, public debt, foreign assets, current account, foreign liabilities

(Philip R. Lane and Gian Maria Milesi-Ferretti) Daniel Cohen Ecole normale supérieure This is a wonderful paper, crisp and full of insights. The core idea is th...

Emerging from the Global Crisis
			: Macroeconomic Challenges Facing Low-Income Countries

Emerging from the Global Crisis : Macroeconomic Challenges Facing Low-Income Countries »

Volume: 11

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 February 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616350734.087

ISBN: 9781616350734

Keywords: Economic growth, Low-income developing countries, Global Financial Crisis 2008-2009, public debt, current account, fiscal policy, exchange rate, current account deficits

Although the impact of the global crisis has been severe, real per capita GDP growth stayed positive in two-thirds of low-income countries (LICs), unlike in previous global downturns, and in contrast to richer coun...

Macroeconomic Vulnerabilities Stemming from the Global Economic Crisis: The Case of Swaziland

Macroeconomic Vulnerabilities Stemming from the Global Economic Crisis: The Case of Swaziland »

Volume: 11

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Olivier Basdevant , Chikako Baba , and Borislava Mircheva

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 December 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475510164.087

ISBN: 9781475510164

Keywords: Exchange rate assessments, External debt, Financial sector, Debt sustainability, Bank supervision, Public debt, Reserves adequacy

Swaziland has faced a significant fiscal crisis since 2010, in the wake of loss of transfers from the Southern African Customs Union (SACU). The fiscal crisis has led to increasing vulnerabilities, not only of publ...