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Counterfeit Goods and Income Inequality

Counterfeit Goods and Income Inequality »

Source: Counterfeit Goods and Income Inequality

Volume/Issue: 2001/13

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stefania Scandizzo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2001

ISBN: 9781451843002

Keywords: Consumer goods, Economic models, Income distribution, counterfeit goods, vertical product differentiation, inequality, product differentiation, market structure, consumer surplus, patent protection

This paper examines the effect of counterfeit goods in a world where consumers are differentiated by level of income and innovation is quality enhancing. Counterfeit goods are defined as products with the same char...

Financial Development, the Structure of Capital Markets, and the Global Digital Divide

Financial Development, the Structure of Capital Markets, and the Global Digital Divide »

Source: Financial Development, the Structure of Capital Markets, and the Global Digital Divide

Volume/Issue: 2006/258

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Charles Amo Yartey

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2006

ISBN: 9781451865189

Keywords: ICT, digital divide, financial development, financial structure, internet, stock market, financial markets,

This paper examines the role of financial development and financial structure in explaining cross-country diffusion of information communication technology (ICT). Using panel data for 76 emerging and advanced count...

Financial Globalization, Portfolio Diversification, and the Pattern of International Trade

Financial Globalization, Portfolio Diversification, and the Pattern of International Trade »

Source: Financial Globalization, Portfolio Diversification, and the Pattern of International Trade

Volume/Issue: 2003/233

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Miklós Koren

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2003

ISBN: 9781451875614

Keywords: financial globalization, trade volume, trade structure, incomplete markets, portfolio choice, financial markets, international financial, Neoclassical Models of Trade, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration,

The paper provides a general-equilibrium model where incomplete international financial markets lead to insufficient industrial specialization and low international trade. As international portfolio diversification...

Globalization and Firms' Financing Choices

Globalization and Firms' Financing Choices »

Source: Globalization and Firms' Financing Choices : Evidence From Emerging Economies

Volume/Issue: 2001/95

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sergio Schmukler , and Esteban Vesperoni

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2001

ISBN: 9781451851823

Keywords: financing choices, financial structure, financial globalization, international financial markets, financial liberalization, international capital markets, access to international capital, international capital, General Financial Markets, Corporate Finance And Governance,

This paper studies the relation between firm's financing choices and financial globalization. Using an East Asian and Latin American firm-level panel for the 1980s and 1990s, we study how leverage ratios, debt matu...

Counterfeit Goods and Income Inequality

Counterfeit Goods and Income Inequality »

Volume/Issue: 2001/13

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stefania Scandizzo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451843002.001

ISBN: 9781451843002

Keywords: Consumer goods, Economic models, Income distribution, counterfeit goods, vertical product differentiation, inequality, product differentiation, market structure, consumer surplus, patent protection

This paper examines the effect of counterfeit goods in a world where consumers are differentiated by level of income and innovation is quality enhancing. Counterfeit goods are defined as products with the same char...

Financial Development, the Structure of Capital Markets, and the Global Digital Divide

Financial Development, the Structure of Capital Markets, and the Global Digital Divide »

Volume/Issue: 2006/258

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Charles Amo Yartey

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451865189.001

ISBN: 9781451865189

Keywords: ICT, digital divide, financial development, financial structure, internet, stock market, financial markets,

This paper examines the role of financial development and financial structure in explaining cross-country diffusion of information communication technology (ICT). Using panel data for 76 emerging and advanced count...

Financial Globalization, Portfolio Diversification, and the Pattern of International Trade

Financial Globalization, Portfolio Diversification, and the Pattern of International Trade »

Volume/Issue: 2003/233

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Miklós Koren

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451875614.001

ISBN: 9781451875614

Keywords: financial globalization, trade volume, trade structure, incomplete markets, portfolio choice, financial markets, international financial, Neoclassical Models of Trade, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration,

The paper provides a general-equilibrium model where incomplete international financial markets lead to insufficient industrial specialization and low international trade. As international portfolio diversification...

Globalization and Firms' Financing Choices
			: Evidence From Emerging Economies

Globalization and Firms' Financing Choices : Evidence From Emerging Economies »

Volume/Issue: 2001/95

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sergio Schmukler , and Esteban Vesperoni

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451851823.001

ISBN: 9781451851823

Keywords: financing choices, financial structure, financial globalization, international financial markets, financial liberalization, international capital markets, access to international capital, international capital, General Financial Markets, Corporate Finance And Governance,

This paper studies the relation between firm's financing choices and financial globalization. Using an East Asian and Latin American firm-level panel for the 1980s and 1990s, we study how leverage ratios, debt matu...

Issues in Global Natural Gas
			: A Primer and Analysis

Issues in Global Natural Gas : A Primer and Analysis »

Volume/Issue: 2002/40

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bright Okogu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451845983.001

ISBN: 9781451845983

Keywords: LNG, pipeline, gas pricing, economic rent, user cost, transportation constraint, sales and purchase agreement, gas, gas market, gas trade

This paper discusses the rising profile of natural gas in global energy, factors constraining its further development, the gas contracting process, and the absence of a global market, which is analyzed in the conte...

Inequality and Unsustainable Growth: Two Sides of the Same Coin?

Inequality and Unsustainable Growth: Two Sides of the Same Coin? »

Volume/Issue: 2011/8

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Jonathan Ostry , and Andrew Berg

Publisher: International Organizations Research Journal

Publication Date: 08 April 2011

Language: Russian

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616355302.006

ISBN: 9781616355302

Keywords: Income distribution, Developed countries, Developing countries, Economic growth, Emerging markets, Poverty reduction, sustainable growth, per capita income, external debt, external shocks

This note raises the IMF's profile on a number of issues related to inequality, unemployment, governance, etc. It builds on earlier empirical work that examined correlations between growth downbreaks/duration of gr...