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Appendix 2: Measures Used to Characterize Global Supply Chains

Appendix 2: Measures Used to Characterize Global Supply Chains »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

Various measures can be used to characterize global supply chains. Hummels, Ishii, and Yi (2001) were the first to measure the value of imported contents embodied in a country’s exp...

Appendix 4: New Drivers of Global Trade: Key Stylized Facts

Appendix 4: New Drivers of Global Trade: Key Stylized Facts »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

Changes in export composition by trading partner strongly reflect the emergence of EMEs (Figure A4.1). As a consequence, those countries more strongly exposed to EMEs generally expe...

Benin: Selected Issues

Benin: Selected Issues »

Source: Benin : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2018/2

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336540

Keywords: Economic growth, Fiscal reforms, Export diversification, Public investment, Poverty, Taxation, Productivity, Selected issues, Benin, Economic indicators

This Selected Issues paper analyzes the growth, structural transformation, and export diversification in Benin. Although Benin has delivered high economic growth over recent years, it faces critical challenges rega...

Benin: Selected Issues

Benin: Selected Issues »

Source: Benin : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2018/2

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336540

Keywords: Economic growth, Fiscal reforms, Export diversification, Public investment, Poverty, Taxation, Productivity, Selected issues, Benin, Economic indicators

This Selected Issues paper analyzes the growth, structural transformation, and export diversification in Benin. Although Benin has delivered high economic growth over recent years, it faces critical challenges rega...

Benin: Selected Issues

Benin: Selected Issues »

Source: Benin : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2018/2

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336540

Keywords: Economic growth, Fiscal reforms, Export diversification, Public investment, Poverty, Taxation, Productivity, Selected issues, Benin, Economic indicators

This Selected Issues paper analyzes the growth, structural transformation, and export diversification in Benin. Although Benin has delivered high economic growth over recent years, it faces critical challenges rega...

Benin: Selected Issues

Benin: Selected Issues »

Source: Benin : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2018/2

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336540

Keywords: Economic growth, Fiscal reforms, Export diversification, Public investment, Poverty, Taxation, Productivity, Selected issues, Benin, Economic indicators

This Selected Issues paper analyzes the growth, structural transformation, and export diversification in Benin. Although Benin has delivered high economic growth over recent years, it faces critical challenges rega...

Benin: Selected Issues

Benin: Selected Issues »

Source: Benin : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2018/2

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336540

Keywords: Economic growth, Fiscal reforms, Export diversification, Public investment, Poverty, Taxation, Productivity, Selected issues, Benin, Economic indicators

This Selected Issues paper analyzes the growth, structural transformation, and export diversification in Benin. Although Benin has delivered high economic growth over recent years, it faces critical challenges rega...

Can PRGF Policy Levers Improve Institutions and Lead to Sustained Growth?

Can PRGF Policy Levers Improve Institutions and Lead to Sustained Growth? »

Source: Can PRGF Policy Levers Improve Institutions and Lead to Sustained Growth?

Volume/Issue: 2005/044

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 August 2005

ISBN: 9781498331319

Keywords: Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility, Agriculture, Capital, Capital goods, Central banking, Central banks, Corruption, Currencies, Developing countries, Development

Broad economic institutions are of fundamental importance for sustained economic growth. Changing these institutions is difficult, particularly for outsiders. But this does not mean that there is no role for the Fu...

Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Changing Patterns of Global Trade »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Volume/Issue: 2011/044

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 2011

ISBN: 9781498338769

Keywords: China, Demand elasticity, Export growth, Export markets, Export prices, Exports, International trade, Supply elasticity, Trade integration, Balance of payments

The past few decades have seen important shifts that have reshaped the global trade landscape. As a share of global output, trade is now at almost three times the level in the early 1950s, in large part driven by t...

Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Changing Patterns of Global Trade »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

Changing Patterns of Global Trade outlines the factors underlying important shifts in global trade that have occurred in recent decades. The emergence of global supply chains and their increasing role in trade patt...