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Appendix 2: Measures Used to Characterize Global Supply Chains

Appendix 2: Measures Used to Characterize Global Supply Chains »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

Various measures can be used to characterize global supply chains. Hummels, Ishii, and Yi (2001) were the first to measure the value of imported contents embodied in a country’s exp...

Appendix 4: New Drivers of Global Trade: Key Stylized Facts

Appendix 4: New Drivers of Global Trade: Key Stylized Facts »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

Changes in export composition by trading partner strongly reflect the emergence of EMEs (Figure A4.1). As a consequence, those countries more strongly exposed to EMEs generally expe...

Better Integration into an Increasingly Globalized Economy

Better Integration into an Increasingly Globalized Economy »

Source: Integration and Growth in a Globalized World Economy

Series: Other Statistical Electronic Products

Author(s): Alassane Ouattara

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 1999

ISBN: 9781557758477

Keywords: regional integration, world economy, trade liberalization, globalization, global integration

I am honored to be here to share with you the IMF’s thoughts on the turbulent events of the past two years and what lies ahead. With growing signs that the worst of the financial crisis is over, we now have...

The Big Split: Why Did Output Trajectories in the ASEAN-4 Diverge after the Global Financial Crisis?

The Big Split: Why Did Output Trajectories in the ASEAN-4 Diverge after the Global Financial Crisis? »

Source: The Big Split : Why Did Output Trajectories in the ASEAN-4 Diverge after the Global Financial Crisis?

Volume/Issue: 2013/222

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Agnes Isnawangsih , Vladimir Klyuev , and Longmei Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 October 2013

ISBN: 9781475588774

Keywords: Global Financial Crisis, ASEAN, Countercyclical Policies, trading partner, domestic demand, trading partners, trade openness, General, International Business Cycles, Countercyclical Policies.,

The global financial crisis originated in advanced economies, but had a major impact on emerging markets. The impact, however, was not uniform. Even in a relatively homogenous group of countries such as ASEAN-4 (In...

3. Caucasus and Central Asia: Boosting Competitiveness for Higher and More Inclusive Growth

3. Caucasus and Central Asia: Boosting Competitiveness for Higher and More Inclusive Growth »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2019, Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 November 2019

ISBN: 9781513514000

Keywords: Regional Economic Outlook, Middle East and Central Asia, Economic growth, Oil prices, Market economies, Regional economics, Fiscal policy, economic outlook, global trade tensions, oil-importing countries

Global trade tensions and slowing growth in key trading partners are affecting the Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA) region. However, despite a decline in export growth, growth will remain broadly...

Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Changing Patterns of Global Trade »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

Changing Patterns of Global Trade outlines the factors underlying important shifts in global trade that have occurred in recent decades. The emergence of global supply chains and their increasing role in trade patt...

Chapter 1. A Decade After the Global Financial Crisis: Are We Safer?

Chapter 1. A Decade After the Global Financial Crisis: Are We Safer? »

Source: Global Financial Stability Report, October 2018 : A Decade after the Global Financial Crisis: Are We Safer?

Series: Global Financial Stability Report

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 October 2018

ISBN: 9781484375594

Keywords: Financial stability, Global Financial Stability Report, Global Financial Stability Reports, Global Financial Stability Risks, International financial stability, Financial crises, Market economies, Balance sheets, Emerging markets, Central banks

Global Financial Stability Assessment The global economic expansion continues but it has become less even. While global financial conditions remain broadly accommodat...

Chapter 3 Challenges for Monetary Policy in Emerging Markets as Global Financial Conditions Normalize

Chapter 3 Challenges for Monetary Policy in Emerging Markets as Global Financial Conditions Normalize »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2018 : Challenges to Steady Growth

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 October 2018

ISBN: 9781484376799

Keywords: Inflation rates, Inflation, Inflation targeting, Inflation research, Inflation risk, Global Financial Crisis 2008-2009, Gross domestric product growth, Output growth, Global Financial Stability Risks, International trade

Inflation in emerging market and developing economies since the mid-2000s has, on average, been low and stable. This chapter investigates whether these recent gains in inflation performance are...

Chapter 3. Global Disinflation in an Era of Constrained Monetary Policy

Chapter 3. Global Disinflation in an Era of Constrained Monetary Policy »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2016 : Subdued Demand: Symptoms and Remedies

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2016

ISBN: 9781513599540

Keywords: World Economic Outlook, International trade, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, Discriminatory trade practices, International trade agreements, Trade, Trade liberalization, Trade policy, Global trade, Restraint of trade

Inflation has declined markedly in many economies over the past few years. This chapter finds that disinflation is broad based across countries, measures, and sectors—albeit larger for tradable...

Chapter 1. Global Prospects and Policies

Chapter 1. Global Prospects and Policies »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2016 : Subdued Demand: Symptoms and Remedies

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2016

ISBN: 9781513599540

Keywords: World Economic Outlook, International trade, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, Discriminatory trade practices, International trade agreements, Trade, Trade liberalization, Trade policy, Global trade, Restraint of trade

Recent Developments and Prospects The forces shaping the global outlook—both those operating over the short term and those operating over the long term—point to subdued growth for 20...